Arm MPS2 and MPS3 boards (
These board models all use Arm M-profile CPUs.
The Arm MPS2, MPS2+ and MPS3 dev boards are FPGA based (the 2+ has a bigger FPGA but is otherwise the same as the 2; the 3 has a bigger FPGA again, can handle 4GB of RAM and has a USB controller and QSPI flash).
Since the CPU itself and most of the devices are in the FPGA, the details of the board as seen by the guest depend significantly on the FPGA image.
QEMU models the following FPGA images:
Cortex-M3 as documented in Arm Application Note AN385
Cortex-M4 as documented in Arm Application Note AN386
Cortex-M7 as documented in Arm Application Note AN500
Cortex-M33 as documented in Arm Application Note AN505
Cortex-M3 ‘DesignStart’ as documented in Arm Application Note AN511
Dual Cortex-M33 as documented in Arm Application Note AN521
Dual Cortex-M33 on an MPS3, as documented in Arm Application Note AN524
Cortex-M55 on an MPS3, as documented in Arm Application Note AN547
Differences between QEMU and real hardware:
AN385/AN386 remapping of low 16K of memory to either ZBT SSRAM1 or to block RAM is unimplemented (QEMU always maps this to ZBT SSRAM1, as if zbt_boot_ctrl is always zero)
AN524 remapping of low memory to either BRAM or to QSPI flash is unimplemented (QEMU always maps this to BRAM, ignoring the SCC CFG_REG0 memory-remap bit)
QEMU provides a LAN9118 ethernet rather than LAN9220; the only guest visible difference is that the LAN9118 doesn’t support checksum offloading
QEMU does not model the QSPI flash in MPS3 boards as real QSPI flash, but only as simple ROM, so attempting to rewrite the flash from the guest will fail
QEMU does not model the USB controller in MPS3 boards