QEMU QMP Reference Manual

Table of Contents

QEMU QMP reference


1 API Reference

1.1 Introduction

This document describes all commands currently supported by QMP.

Most of the time their usage is exactly the same as in the user Monitor, this means that any other document which also describe commands (the manpage, QEMU’s manual, etc) can and should be consulted.

QMP has two types of commands: regular and query commands. Regular commands usually change the Virtual Machine’s state someway, while query commands just return information. The sections below are divided accordingly.

It’s important to observe that all communication examples are formatted in a reader-friendly way, so that they’re easier to understand. However, in real protocol usage, they’re emitted as a single line.

Also, the following notation is used to denote data flow:

Example:

-> data issued by the Client
<- Server data response

Please, refer to the QMP specification (docs/qmp-spec.txt) for detailed information on the Server command and response formats.

1.2 Stability Considerations

The current QMP command set (described in this file) may be useful for a number of use cases, however it’s limited and several commands have bad defined semantics, specially with regard to command completion.

These problems are going to be solved incrementally in the next QEMU releases and we’re going to establish a deprecation policy for badly defined commands.

If you’re planning to adopt QMP, please observe the following:

  1. The deprecation policy will take effect and be documented soon, please check the documentation of each used command as soon as a new release of QEMU is available
  2. DO NOT rely on anything which is not explicit documented
  3. Errors, in special, are not documented. Applications should NOT check for specific errors classes or data (it’s strongly recommended to only check for the "error" key)

1.3 QAPI common definitions

Enum: QapiErrorClass

QEMU error classes

'GenericError'

this is used for errors that don’t require a specific error class. This should be the default case for most errors

'CommandNotFound'

the requested command has not been found

'DeviceEncrypted'

the requested operation can’t be fulfilled because the selected device is encrypted

'DeviceNotActive'

a device has failed to be become active

'DeviceNotFound'

the requested device has not been found

'KVMMissingCap'

the requested operation can’t be fulfilled because a required KVM capability is missing

Since: 1.2

Struct: VersionTriple

A three-part version number.

'major'

The major version number.

'minor'

The minor version number.

'micro'

The micro version number.

Since: 2.4

Struct: VersionInfo

A description of QEMU’s version.

'qemu'

The version of QEMU. By current convention, a micro version of 50 signifies a development branch. A micro version greater than or equal to 90 signifies a release candidate for the next minor version. A micro version of less than 50 signifies a stable release.

'package'

QEMU will always set this field to an empty string. Downstream versions of QEMU should set this to a non-empty string. The exact format depends on the downstream however it highly recommended that a unique name is used.

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-version

Returns the current version of QEMU.

Returns: A VersionInfo object describing the current version of QEMU.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-version" }
<- {
      "return":{
         "qemu":{
            "major":0,
            "minor":11,
            "micro":5
         },
         "package":""
      }
   }
Struct: CommandInfo

Information about a QMP command

'name'

The command name

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-commands

Return a list of supported QMP commands by this server

Returns: A list of CommandInfo for all supported commands

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-commands" }
<- {
     "return":[
        {
           "name":"query-balloon"
        },
        {
           "name":"system_powerdown"
        }
     ]
   }

Note: This example has been shortened as the real response is too long.

Enum: OnOffAuto

An enumeration of three options: on, off, and auto

'auto'

QEMU selects the value between on and off

'on'

Enabled

'off'

Disabled

Since: 2.2

Enum: OnOffSplit

An enumeration of three values: on, off, and split

'on'

Enabled

'off'

Disabled

'split'

Mixed

Since: 2.6

1.4 QAPI crypto definitions

Enum: QCryptoTLSCredsEndpoint

The type of network endpoint that will be using the credentials. Most types of credential require different setup / structures depending on whether they will be used in a server versus a client.

'client'

the network endpoint is acting as the client

'server'

the network endpoint is acting as the server

Since: 2.5

Enum: QCryptoSecretFormat

The data format that the secret is provided in

'raw'

raw bytes. When encoded in JSON only valid UTF-8 sequences can be used

'base64'

arbitrary base64 encoded binary data

Since: 2.6

Enum: QCryptoHashAlgorithm

The supported algorithms for computing content digests

'md5'

MD5. Should not be used in any new code, legacy compat only

'sha1'

SHA-1. Should not be used in any new code, legacy compat only

'sha224'

SHA-224. (since 2.7)

'sha256'

SHA-256. Current recommended strong hash.

'sha384'

SHA-384. (since 2.7)

'sha512'

SHA-512. (since 2.7)

'ripemd160'

RIPEMD-160. (since 2.7)

Since: 2.6

Enum: QCryptoCipherAlgorithm

The supported algorithms for content encryption ciphers

'aes-128'

AES with 128 bit / 16 byte keys

'aes-192'

AES with 192 bit / 24 byte keys

'aes-256'

AES with 256 bit / 32 byte keys

'des-rfb'

RFB specific variant of single DES. Do not use except in VNC.

'3des'

3DES(EDE) with 192 bit / 24 byte keys (since 2.9)

'cast5-128'

Cast5 with 128 bit / 16 byte keys

'serpent-128'

Serpent with 128 bit / 16 byte keys

'serpent-192'

Serpent with 192 bit / 24 byte keys

'serpent-256'

Serpent with 256 bit / 32 byte keys

'twofish-128'

Twofish with 128 bit / 16 byte keys

'twofish-192'

Twofish with 192 bit / 24 byte keys

'twofish-256'

Twofish with 256 bit / 32 byte keys

Since: 2.6

Enum: QCryptoCipherMode

The supported modes for content encryption ciphers

'ecb'

Electronic Code Book

'cbc'

Cipher Block Chaining

'xts'

XEX with tweaked code book and ciphertext stealing

'ctr'

Counter (Since 2.8)

Since: 2.6

Enum: QCryptoIVGenAlgorithm

The supported algorithms for generating initialization vectors for full disk encryption. The ’plain’ generator should not be used for disks with sector numbers larger than 2^32, except where compatibility with pre-existing Linux dm-crypt volumes is required.

'plain'

64-bit sector number truncated to 32-bits

'plain64'

64-bit sector number

'essiv'

64-bit sector number encrypted with a hash of the encryption key

Since: 2.6

Enum: QCryptoBlockFormat

The supported full disk encryption formats

'qcow'

QCow/QCow2 built-in AES-CBC encryption. Use only for liberating data from old images.

'luks'

LUKS encryption format. Recommended for new images

Since: 2.6

Struct: QCryptoBlockOptionsBase

The common options that apply to all full disk encryption formats

'format'

the encryption format

Since: 2.6

Struct: QCryptoBlockOptionsQCow

The options that apply to QCow/QCow2 AES-CBC encryption format

'key-secret' (optional)

the ID of a QCryptoSecret object providing the decryption key. Mandatory except when probing image for metadata only.

Since: 2.6

Struct: QCryptoBlockOptionsLUKS

The options that apply to LUKS encryption format

'key-secret' (optional)

the ID of a QCryptoSecret object providing the decryption key. Mandatory except when probing image for metadata only.

Since: 2.6

Struct: QCryptoBlockCreateOptionsLUKS

The options that apply to LUKS encryption format initialization

'cipher-alg' (optional)

the cipher algorithm for data encryption Currently defaults to ’aes’.

'cipher-mode' (optional)

the cipher mode for data encryption Currently defaults to ’cbc’

'ivgen-alg' (optional)

the initialization vector generator Currently defaults to ’essiv’

'ivgen-hash-alg' (optional)

the initialization vector generator hash Currently defaults to ’sha256’

'hash-alg' (optional)

the master key hash algorithm Currently defaults to ’sha256’

'iter-time' (optional)

number of milliseconds to spend in PBKDF passphrase processing. Currently defaults to 2000. (since 2.8)

Since: 2.6

Flat Union: QCryptoBlockOpenOptions

The options that are available for all encryption formats when opening an existing volume

Since: 2.6

Flat Union: QCryptoBlockCreateOptions

The options that are available for all encryption formats when initializing a new volume

Since: 2.6

Struct: QCryptoBlockInfoBase

The common information that applies to all full disk encryption formats

'format'

the encryption format

Since: 2.7

Struct: QCryptoBlockInfoLUKSSlot

Information about the LUKS block encryption key slot options

'active'

whether the key slot is currently in use

'key-offset'

offset to the key material in bytes

'iters' (optional)

number of PBKDF2 iterations for key material

'stripes' (optional)

number of stripes for splitting key material

Since: 2.7

Struct: QCryptoBlockInfoLUKS

Information about the LUKS block encryption options

'cipher-alg'

the cipher algorithm for data encryption

'cipher-mode'

the cipher mode for data encryption

'ivgen-alg'

the initialization vector generator

'ivgen-hash-alg' (optional)

the initialization vector generator hash

'hash-alg'

the master key hash algorithm

'payload-offset'

offset to the payload data in bytes

'master-key-iters'

number of PBKDF2 iterations for key material

'uuid'

unique identifier for the volume

'slots'

information about each key slot

Since: 2.7

Struct: QCryptoBlockInfoQCow

Information about the QCow block encryption options

Since: 2.7

Flat Union: QCryptoBlockInfo

Information about the block encryption options

Since: 2.7

1.5 QAPI block definitions

1.5.1 QAPI block core definitions (vm unrelated)

Struct: SnapshotInfo
'id'

unique snapshot id

'name'

user chosen name

'vm-state-size'

size of the VM state

'date-sec'

UTC date of the snapshot in seconds

'date-nsec'

fractional part in nano seconds to be used with date-sec

'vm-clock-sec'

VM clock relative to boot in seconds

'vm-clock-nsec'

fractional part in nano seconds to be used with vm-clock-sec

Since: 1.3

Struct: ImageInfoSpecificQCow2
'compat'

compatibility level

'lazy-refcounts' (optional)

on or off; only valid for compat >= 1.1

'corrupt' (optional)

true if the image has been marked corrupt; only valid for compat >= 1.1 (since 2.2)

'refcount-bits'

width of a refcount entry in bits (since 2.3)

Since: 1.7

Struct: ImageInfoSpecificVmdk
'create-type'

The create type of VMDK image

'cid'

Content id of image

'parent-cid'

Parent VMDK image’s cid

'extents'

List of extent files

Since: 1.7

Simple Union: ImageInfoSpecific

A discriminated record of image format specific information structures.

Since: 1.7

Struct: ImageInfo

Information about a QEMU image file

'filename'

name of the image file

'format'

format of the image file

'virtual-size'

maximum capacity in bytes of the image

'actual-size' (optional)

actual size on disk in bytes of the image

'dirty-flag' (optional)

true if image is not cleanly closed

'cluster-size' (optional)

size of a cluster in bytes

'encrypted' (optional)

true if the image is encrypted

'compressed' (optional)

true if the image is compressed (Since 1.7)

'backing-filename' (optional)

name of the backing file

'full-backing-filename' (optional)

full path of the backing file

'backing-filename-format' (optional)

the format of the backing file

'snapshots' (optional)

list of VM snapshots

'backing-image' (optional)

info of the backing image (since 1.6)

'format-specific' (optional)

structure supplying additional format-specific information (since 1.7)

Since: 1.3

Struct: ImageCheck

Information about a QEMU image file check

'filename'

name of the image file checked

'format'

format of the image file checked

'check-errors'

number of unexpected errors occurred during check

'image-end-offset' (optional)

offset (in bytes) where the image ends, this field is present if the driver for the image format supports it

'corruptions' (optional)

number of corruptions found during the check if any

'leaks' (optional)

number of leaks found during the check if any

'corruptions-fixed' (optional)

number of corruptions fixed during the check if any

'leaks-fixed' (optional)

number of leaks fixed during the check if any

'total-clusters' (optional)

total number of clusters, this field is present if the driver for the image format supports it

'allocated-clusters' (optional)

total number of allocated clusters, this field is present if the driver for the image format supports it

'fragmented-clusters' (optional)

total number of fragmented clusters, this field is present if the driver for the image format supports it

'compressed-clusters' (optional)

total number of compressed clusters, this field is present if the driver for the image format supports it

Since: 1.4

Struct: MapEntry

Mapping information from a virtual block range to a host file range

'start'

the start byte of the mapped virtual range

'length'

the number of bytes of the mapped virtual range

'data'

whether the mapped range has data

'zero'

whether the virtual blocks are zeroed

'depth'

the depth of the mapping

'offset' (optional)

the offset in file that the virtual sectors are mapped to

'filename' (optional)

filename that is referred to by offset

Since: 2.6

Struct: BlockdevCacheInfo

Cache mode information for a block device

'writeback'

true if writeback mode is enabled

'direct'

true if the host page cache is bypassed (O_DIRECT)

'no-flush'

true if flush requests are ignored for the device

Since: 2.3

Struct: BlockDeviceInfo

Information about the backing device for a block device.

'file'

the filename of the backing device

'node-name' (optional)

the name of the block driver node (Since 2.0)

'ro'

true if the backing device was open read-only

'drv'

the name of the block format used to open the backing device. As of 0.14.0 this can be: ’blkdebug’, ’bochs’, ’cloop’, ’cow’, ’dmg’, ’file’, ’file’, ’ftp’, ’ftps’, ’host_cdrom’, ’host_device’, ’http’, ’https’, ’luks’, ’nbd’, ’parallels’, ’qcow’, ’qcow2’, ’raw’, ’vdi’, ’vmdk’, ’vpc’, ’vvfat’ 2.2: ’archipelago’ added, ’cow’ dropped 2.3: ’host_floppy’ deprecated 2.5: ’host_floppy’ dropped 2.6: ’luks’ added 2.8: ’replication’ added, ’tftp’ dropped

'backing_file' (optional)

the name of the backing file (for copy-on-write)

'backing_file_depth'

number of files in the backing file chain (since: 1.2)

'encrypted'

true if the backing device is encrypted

'encryption_key_missing'

true if the backing device is encrypted but an valid encryption key is missing

'detect_zeroes'

detect and optimize zero writes (Since 2.1)

'bps'

total throughput limit in bytes per second is specified

'bps_rd'

read throughput limit in bytes per second is specified

'bps_wr'

write throughput limit in bytes per second is specified

'iops'

total I/O operations per second is specified

'iops_rd'

read I/O operations per second is specified

'iops_wr'

write I/O operations per second is specified

'image'

the info of image used (since: 1.6)

'bps_max' (optional)

total throughput limit during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'bps_rd_max' (optional)

read throughput limit during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'bps_wr_max' (optional)

write throughput limit during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'iops_max' (optional)

total I/O operations per second during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'iops_rd_max' (optional)

read I/O operations per second during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'iops_wr_max' (optional)

write I/O operations per second during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'bps_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the bps_max burst period, in seconds. (Since 2.6)

'bps_rd_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the bps_rd_max burst period, in seconds. (Since 2.6)

'bps_wr_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the bps_wr_max burst period, in seconds. (Since 2.6)

'iops_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the iops burst period, in seconds. (Since 2.6)

'iops_rd_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the iops_rd_max burst period, in seconds. (Since 2.6)

'iops_wr_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the iops_wr_max burst period, in seconds. (Since 2.6)

'iops_size' (optional)

an I/O size in bytes (Since 1.7)

'group' (optional)

throttle group name (Since 2.4)

'cache'

the cache mode used for the block device (since: 2.3)

'write_threshold'

configured write threshold for the device. 0 if disabled. (Since 2.3)

Since: 0.14.0

Enum: BlockDeviceIoStatus

An enumeration of block device I/O status.

'ok'

The last I/O operation has succeeded

'failed'

The last I/O operation has failed

'nospace'

The last I/O operation has failed due to a no-space condition

Since: 1.0

Struct: BlockDeviceMapEntry

Entry in the metadata map of the device (returned by "qemu-img map")

'start'

Offset in the image of the first byte described by this entry (in bytes)

'length'

Length of the range described by this entry (in bytes)

'depth'

Number of layers (0 = top image, 1 = top image’s backing file, etc.) before reaching one for which the range is allocated. The value is in the range 0 to the depth of the image chain - 1.

'zero'

the sectors in this range read as zeros

'data'

reading the image will actually read data from a file (in particular, if offset is present this means that the sectors are not simply preallocated, but contain actual data in raw format)

'offset' (optional)

if present, the image file stores the data for this range in raw format at the given offset.

Since: 1.7

Enum: DirtyBitmapStatus

An enumeration of possible states that a dirty bitmap can report to the user.

'frozen'

The bitmap is currently in-use by a backup operation or block job, and is immutable.

'disabled'

The bitmap is currently in-use by an internal operation and is read-only. It can still be deleted.

'active'

The bitmap is actively monitoring for new writes, and can be cleared, deleted, or used for backup operations.

Since: 2.4

Struct: BlockDirtyInfo

Block dirty bitmap information.

'name' (optional)

the name of the dirty bitmap (Since 2.4)

'count'

number of dirty bytes according to the dirty bitmap

'granularity'

granularity of the dirty bitmap in bytes (since 1.4)

'status'

current status of the dirty bitmap (since 2.4)

Since: 1.3

Struct: BlockInfo

Block device information. This structure describes a virtual device and the backing device associated with it.

'device'

The device name associated with the virtual device.

'type'

This field is returned only for compatibility reasons, it should not be used (always returns ’unknown’)

'removable'

True if the device supports removable media.

'locked'

True if the guest has locked this device from having its media removed

'tray_open' (optional)

True if the device’s tray is open (only present if it has a tray)

'dirty-bitmaps' (optional)

dirty bitmaps information (only present if the driver has one or more dirty bitmaps) (Since 2.0)

'io-status' (optional)

BlockDeviceIoStatus. Only present if the device supports it and the VM is configured to stop on errors (supported device models: virtio-blk, ide, scsi-disk)

'inserted' (optional)

BlockDeviceInfo describing the device if media is present

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-block

Get a list of BlockInfo for all virtual block devices.

Returns: a list of BlockInfo describing each virtual block device

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-block" }
<- {
      "return":[
         {
            "io-status": "ok",
            "device":"ide0-hd0",
            "locked":false,
            "removable":false,
            "inserted":{
               "ro":false,
               "drv":"qcow2",
               "encrypted":false,
               "file":"disks/test.qcow2",
               "backing_file_depth":1,
               "bps":1000000,
               "bps_rd":0,
               "bps_wr":0,
               "iops":1000000,
               "iops_rd":0,
               "iops_wr":0,
               "bps_max": 8000000,
               "bps_rd_max": 0,
               "bps_wr_max": 0,
               "iops_max": 0,
               "iops_rd_max": 0,
               "iops_wr_max": 0,
               "iops_size": 0,
               "detect_zeroes": "on",
               "write_threshold": 0,
               "image":{
                  "filename":"disks/test.qcow2",
                  "format":"qcow2",
                  "virtual-size":2048000,
                  "backing_file":"base.qcow2",
                  "full-backing-filename":"disks/base.qcow2",
                  "backing-filename-format":"qcow2",
                  "snapshots":[
                     {
                        "id": "1",
                        "name": "snapshot1",
                        "vm-state-size": 0,
                        "date-sec": 10000200,
                        "date-nsec": 12,
                        "vm-clock-sec": 206,
                        "vm-clock-nsec": 30
                     }
                  ],
                  "backing-image":{
                      "filename":"disks/base.qcow2",
                      "format":"qcow2",
                      "virtual-size":2048000
                  }
               }
            },
            "type":"unknown"
         },
         {
            "io-status": "ok",
            "device":"ide1-cd0",
            "locked":false,
            "removable":true,
            "type":"unknown"
         },
         {
            "device":"floppy0",
            "locked":false,
            "removable":true,
            "type":"unknown"
         },
         {
            "device":"sd0",
            "locked":false,
            "removable":true,
            "type":"unknown"
         }
      ]
   }
Struct: BlockDeviceTimedStats

Statistics of a block device during a given interval of time.

'interval_length'

Interval used for calculating the statistics, in seconds.

'min_rd_latency_ns'

Minimum latency of read operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'min_wr_latency_ns'

Minimum latency of write operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'min_flush_latency_ns'

Minimum latency of flush operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'max_rd_latency_ns'

Maximum latency of read operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'max_wr_latency_ns'

Maximum latency of write operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'max_flush_latency_ns'

Maximum latency of flush operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'avg_rd_latency_ns'

Average latency of read operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'avg_wr_latency_ns'

Average latency of write operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'avg_flush_latency_ns'

Average latency of flush operations in the defined interval, in nanoseconds.

'avg_rd_queue_depth'

Average number of pending read operations in the defined interval.

'avg_wr_queue_depth'

Average number of pending write operations in the defined interval.

Since: 2.5

Struct: BlockDeviceStats

Statistics of a virtual block device or a block backing device.

'rd_bytes'

The number of bytes read by the device.

'wr_bytes'

The number of bytes written by the device.

'rd_operations'

The number of read operations performed by the device.

'wr_operations'

The number of write operations performed by the device.

'flush_operations'

The number of cache flush operations performed by the device (since 0.15.0)

'flush_total_time_ns'

Total time spend on cache flushes in nano-seconds (since 0.15.0).

'wr_total_time_ns'

Total time spend on writes in nano-seconds (since 0.15.0).

'rd_total_time_ns'

Total_time_spend on reads in nano-seconds (since 0.15.0).

'wr_highest_offset'

The offset after the greatest byte written to the device. The intended use of this information is for growable sparse files (like qcow2) that are used on top of a physical device.

'rd_merged'

Number of read requests that have been merged into another request (Since 2.3).

'wr_merged'

Number of write requests that have been merged into another request (Since 2.3).

'idle_time_ns' (optional)

Time since the last I/O operation, in nanoseconds. If the field is absent it means that there haven’t been any operations yet (Since 2.5).

'failed_rd_operations'

The number of failed read operations performed by the device (Since 2.5)

'failed_wr_operations'

The number of failed write operations performed by the device (Since 2.5)

'failed_flush_operations'

The number of failed flush operations performed by the device (Since 2.5)

'invalid_rd_operations'

The number of invalid read operations performed by the device (Since 2.5)

'invalid_wr_operations'

The number of invalid write operations performed by the device (Since 2.5)

'invalid_flush_operations'

The number of invalid flush operations performed by the device (Since 2.5)

'account_invalid'

Whether invalid operations are included in the last access statistics (Since 2.5)

'account_failed'

Whether failed operations are included in the latency and last access statistics (Since 2.5)

'timed_stats'

Statistics specific to the set of previously defined intervals of time (Since 2.5)

Since: 0.14.0

Struct: BlockStats

Statistics of a virtual block device or a block backing device.

'device' (optional)

If the stats are for a virtual block device, the name corresponding to the virtual block device.

'node-name' (optional)

The node name of the device. (Since 2.3)

'stats'

A BlockDeviceStats for the device.

'parent' (optional)

This describes the file block device if it has one. Contains recursively the statistics of the underlying protocol (e.g. the host file for a qcow2 image). If there is no underlying protocol, this field is omitted

'backing' (optional)

This describes the backing block device if it has one. (Since 2.0)

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-blockstats

Query the BlockStats for all virtual block devices.

'query-nodes' (optional)

If true, the command will query all the block nodes that have a node name, in a list which will include "parent" information, but not "backing". If false or omitted, the behavior is as before - query all the device backends, recursively including their "parent" and "backing". (Since 2.3)

Returns: A list of BlockStats for each virtual block devices.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-blockstats" }
<- {
      "return":[
         {
            "device":"ide0-hd0",
            "parent":{
               "stats":{
                  "wr_highest_offset":3686448128,
                  "wr_bytes":9786368,
                  "wr_operations":751,
                  "rd_bytes":122567168,
                  "rd_operations":36772
                  "wr_total_times_ns":313253456
                  "rd_total_times_ns":3465673657
                  "flush_total_times_ns":49653
                  "flush_operations":61,
                  "rd_merged":0,
                  "wr_merged":0,
                  "idle_time_ns":2953431879,
                  "account_invalid":true,
                  "account_failed":false
               }
            },
            "stats":{
               "wr_highest_offset":2821110784,
               "wr_bytes":9786368,
               "wr_operations":692,
               "rd_bytes":122739200,
               "rd_operations":36604
               "flush_operations":51,
               "wr_total_times_ns":313253456
               "rd_total_times_ns":3465673657
               "flush_total_times_ns":49653,
               "rd_merged":0,
               "wr_merged":0,
               "idle_time_ns":2953431879,
               "account_invalid":true,
               "account_failed":false
            }
         },
         {
            "device":"ide1-cd0",
            "stats":{
               "wr_highest_offset":0,
               "wr_bytes":0,
               "wr_operations":0,
               "rd_bytes":0,
               "rd_operations":0
               "flush_operations":0,
               "wr_total_times_ns":0
               "rd_total_times_ns":0
               "flush_total_times_ns":0,
               "rd_merged":0,
               "wr_merged":0,
               "account_invalid":false,
               "account_failed":false
            }
         },
         {
            "device":"floppy0",
            "stats":{
               "wr_highest_offset":0,
               "wr_bytes":0,
               "wr_operations":0,
               "rd_bytes":0,
               "rd_operations":0
               "flush_operations":0,
               "wr_total_times_ns":0
               "rd_total_times_ns":0
               "flush_total_times_ns":0,
               "rd_merged":0,
               "wr_merged":0,
               "account_invalid":false,
               "account_failed":false
            }
         },
         {
            "device":"sd0",
            "stats":{
               "wr_highest_offset":0,
               "wr_bytes":0,
               "wr_operations":0,
               "rd_bytes":0,
               "rd_operations":0
               "flush_operations":0,
               "wr_total_times_ns":0
               "rd_total_times_ns":0
               "flush_total_times_ns":0,
               "rd_merged":0,
               "wr_merged":0,
               "account_invalid":false,
               "account_failed":false
            }
         }
      ]
   }
Enum: BlockdevOnError

An enumeration of possible behaviors for errors on I/O operations. The exact meaning depends on whether the I/O was initiated by a guest or by a block job

'report'

for guest operations, report the error to the guest; for jobs, cancel the job

'ignore'

ignore the error, only report a QMP event (BLOCK_IO_ERROR or BLOCK_JOB_ERROR)

'enospc'

same as stop on ENOSPC, same as report otherwise.

'stop'

for guest operations, stop the virtual machine; for jobs, pause the job

'auto'

inherit the error handling policy of the backend (since: 2.7)

Since: 1.3

Enum: MirrorSyncMode

An enumeration of possible behaviors for the initial synchronization phase of storage mirroring.

'top'

copies data in the topmost image to the destination

'full'

copies data from all images to the destination

'none'

only copy data written from now on

'incremental'

only copy data described by the dirty bitmap. Since: 2.4

Since: 1.3

Enum: BlockJobType

Type of a block job.

'commit'

block commit job type, see "block-commit"

'stream'

block stream job type, see "block-stream"

'mirror'

drive mirror job type, see "drive-mirror"

'backup'

drive backup job type, see "drive-backup"

Since: 1.7

Struct: BlockJobInfo

Information about a long-running block device operation.

'type'

the job type (’stream’ for image streaming)

'device'

The job identifier. Originally the device name but other values are allowed since QEMU 2.7

'len'

the maximum progress value

'busy'

false if the job is known to be in a quiescent state, with no pending I/O. Since 1.3.

'paused'

whether the job is paused or, if busy is true, will pause itself as soon as possible. Since 1.3.

'offset'

the current progress value

'speed'

the rate limit, bytes per second

'io-status'

the status of the job (since 1.3)

'ready'

true if the job may be completed (since 2.2)

Since: 1.1

Command: query-block-jobs

Return information about long-running block device operations.

Returns: a list of BlockJobInfo for each active block job

Since: 1.1

Command: block_passwd

This command sets the password of a block device that has not been open with a password and requires one.

The two cases where this can happen are a block device is created through QEMU’s initial command line or a block device is changed through the legacy change interface.

In the event that the block device is created through the initial command line, the VM will start in the stopped state regardless of whether ’-S’ is used. The intention is for a management tool to query the block devices to determine which ones are encrypted, set the passwords with this command, and then start the guest with the cont command.

Either device or node-name must be set but not both.

'device' (optional)

the name of the block backend device to set the password on

'node-name' (optional)

graph node name to set the password on (Since 2.0)

'password'

the password to use for the device

Returns: nothing on success If device is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound If device is not encrypted, DeviceNotEncrypted

Notes: Not all block formats support encryption and some that do are not able to validate that a password is correct. Disk corruption may occur if an invalid password is specified.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "block_passwd", "arguments": { "device": "ide0-hd0",
                                               "password": "12345" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: block_resize

Resize a block image while a guest is running.

Either device or node-name must be set but not both.

'device' (optional)

the name of the device to get the image resized

'node-name' (optional)

graph node name to get the image resized (Since 2.0)

'size'

new image size in bytes

Returns: nothing on success If device is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "block_resize",
     "arguments": { "device": "scratch", "size": 1073741824 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Enum: NewImageMode

An enumeration that tells QEMU how to set the backing file path in a new image file.

'existing'

QEMU should look for an existing image file.

'absolute-paths'

QEMU should create a new image with absolute paths for the backing file. If there is no backing file available, the new image will not be backed either.

Since: 1.1

Struct: BlockdevSnapshotSync

Either device or node-name must be set but not both.

'device' (optional)

the name of the device to generate the snapshot from.

'node-name' (optional)

graph node name to generate the snapshot from (Since 2.0)

'snapshot-file'

the target of the new image. If the file exists, or if it is a device, the snapshot will be created in the existing file/device. Otherwise, a new file will be created.

'snapshot-node-name' (optional)

the graph node name of the new image (Since 2.0)

'format' (optional)

the format of the snapshot image, default is ’qcow2’.

'mode' (optional)

whether and how QEMU should create a new image, default is ’absolute-paths’.

Struct: BlockdevSnapshot
'node'

device or node name that will have a snapshot created.

'overlay'

reference to the existing block device that will become the overlay of node, as part of creating the snapshot. It must not have a current backing file (this can be achieved by passing "backing": "" to blockdev-add).

Since: 2.5

Struct: DriveBackup
'job-id' (optional)

identifier for the newly-created block job. If omitted, the device name will be used. (Since 2.7)

'device'

the device name or node-name of a root node which should be copied.

'target'

the target of the new image. If the file exists, or if it is a device, the existing file/device will be used as the new destination. If it does not exist, a new file will be created.

'format' (optional)

the format of the new destination, default is to probe if mode is ’existing’, else the format of the source

'sync'

what parts of the disk image should be copied to the destination (all the disk, only the sectors allocated in the topmost image, from a dirty bitmap, or only new I/O).

'mode' (optional)

whether and how QEMU should create a new image, default is ’absolute-paths’.

'speed' (optional)

the maximum speed, in bytes per second

'bitmap' (optional)

the name of dirty bitmap if sync is "incremental". Must be present if sync is "incremental", must NOT be present otherwise. (Since 2.4)

'compress' (optional)

true to compress data, if the target format supports it. (default: false) (since 2.8)

'on-source-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the source, default ’report’. ’stop’ and ’enospc’ can only be used if the block device supports io-status (see BlockInfo).

'on-target-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the target, default ’report’ (no limitations, since this applies to a different block device than device).

Note: on-source-error and on-target-error only affect background I/O. If an error occurs during a guest write request, the device’s rerror/werror actions will be used.

Since: 1.6

Struct: BlockdevBackup
'job-id' (optional)

identifier for the newly-created block job. If omitted, the device name will be used. (Since 2.7)

'device'

the device name or node-name of a root node which should be copied.

'target'

the device name or node-name of the backup target node.

'sync'

what parts of the disk image should be copied to the destination (all the disk, only the sectors allocated in the topmost image, or only new I/O).

'speed' (optional)

the maximum speed, in bytes per second. The default is 0, for unlimited.

'compress' (optional)

true to compress data, if the target format supports it. (default: false) (since 2.8)

'on-source-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the source, default ’report’. ’stop’ and ’enospc’ can only be used if the block device supports io-status (see BlockInfo).

'on-target-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the target, default ’report’ (no limitations, since this applies to a different block device than device).

Note: on-source-error and on-target-error only affect background I/O. If an error occurs during a guest write request, the device’s rerror/werror actions will be used.

Since: 2.3

Command: blockdev-snapshot-sync

Generates a synchronous snapshot of a block device.

For the arguments, see the documentation of BlockdevSnapshotSync.

Returns: nothing on success If device is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "blockdev-snapshot-sync",
     "arguments": { "device": "ide-hd0",
                    "snapshot-file":
                    "/some/place/my-image",
                    "format": "qcow2" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: blockdev-snapshot

Generates a snapshot of a block device.

Create a snapshot, by installing ’node’ as the backing image of ’overlay’. Additionally, if ’node’ is associated with a block device, the block device changes to using ’overlay’ as its new active image.

For the arguments, see the documentation of BlockdevSnapshot.

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "blockdev-add",
     "arguments": { "options": { "driver": "qcow2",
                                 "node-name": "node1534",
                                 "file": { "driver": "file",
                                           "filename": "hd1.qcow2" },
                                 "backing": "" } } }

<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute": "blockdev-snapshot",
     "arguments": { "node": "ide-hd0",
                    "overlay": "node1534" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: change-backing-file

Change the backing file in the image file metadata. This does not cause QEMU to reopen the image file to reparse the backing filename (it may, however, perform a reopen to change permissions from r/o -> r/w -> r/o, if needed). The new backing file string is written into the image file metadata, and the QEMU internal strings are updated.

'image-node-name'

The name of the block driver state node of the image to modify. The "device" argument is used to verify "image-node-name" is in the chain described by "device".

'device'

The device name or node-name of the root node that owns image-node-name.

'backing-file'

The string to write as the backing file. This string is not validated, so care should be taken when specifying the string or the image chain may not be able to be reopened again.

Returns: Nothing on success

If "device" does not exist or cannot be determined, DeviceNotFound

Since: 2.1

Command: block-commit

Live commit of data from overlay image nodes into backing nodes - i.e., writes data between ’top’ and ’base’ into ’base’.

'job-id' (optional)

identifier for the newly-created block job. If omitted, the device name will be used. (Since 2.7)

'device'

the device name or node-name of a root node

'base' (optional)

The file name of the backing image to write data into. If not specified, this is the deepest backing image.

'top' (optional)

The file name of the backing image within the image chain, which contains the topmost data to be committed down. If not specified, this is the active layer.

'backing-file' (optional)

The backing file string to write into the overlay image of ’top’. If ’top’ is the active layer, specifying a backing file string is an error. This filename is not validated.

If a pathname string is such that it cannot be resolved by QEMU, that means that subsequent QMP or HMP commands must use node-names for the image in question, as filename lookup methods will fail.

If not specified, QEMU will automatically determine the backing file string to use, or error out if there is no obvious choice. Care should be taken when specifying the string, to specify a valid filename or protocol. (Since 2.1)

If top == base, that is an error. If top == active, the job will not be completed by itself, user needs to complete the job with the block-job-complete command after getting the ready event. (Since 2.0)

If the base image is smaller than top, then the base image will be resized to be the same size as top. If top is smaller than the base image, the base will not be truncated. If you want the base image size to match the size of the smaller top, you can safely truncate it yourself once the commit operation successfully completes.

'speed' (optional)

the maximum speed, in bytes per second

Returns: Nothing on success If commit or stream is already active on this device, DeviceInUse If device does not exist, DeviceNotFound If image commit is not supported by this device, NotSupported If base or top is invalid, a generic error is returned If speed is invalid, InvalidParameter

Since: 1.3

-> { "execute": "block-commit",
     "arguments": { "device": "virtio0",
                    "top": "/tmp/snap1.qcow2" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: drive-backup

Start a point-in-time copy of a block device to a new destination. The status of ongoing drive-backup operations can be checked with query-block-jobs where the BlockJobInfo.type field has the value ’backup’. The operation can be stopped before it has completed using the block-job-cancel command.

For the arguments, see the documentation of DriveBackup.

Returns: nothing on success If device is not a valid block device, GenericError

Since: 1.6

-> { "execute": "drive-backup",
     "arguments": { "device": "drive0",
                    "sync": "full",
                    "target": "backup.img" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: blockdev-backup

Start a point-in-time copy of a block device to a new destination. The status of ongoing blockdev-backup operations can be checked with query-block-jobs where the BlockJobInfo.type field has the value ’backup’. The operation can be stopped before it has completed using the block-job-cancel command.

For the arguments, see the documentation of BlockdevBackup.

Returns: nothing on success If device is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound

Since: 2.3

-> { "execute": "blockdev-backup",
     "arguments": { "device": "src-id",
                    "sync": "full",
                    "target": "tgt-id" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: query-named-block-nodes

Get the named block driver list

Returns: the list of BlockDeviceInfo

Since: 2.0

-> { "execute": "query-named-block-nodes" }
<- { "return": [ { "ro":false,
                   "drv":"qcow2",
                   "encrypted":false,
                   "file":"disks/test.qcow2",
                   "node-name": "my-node",
                   "backing_file_depth":1,
                   "bps":1000000,
                   "bps_rd":0,
                   "bps_wr":0,
                   "iops":1000000,
                   "iops_rd":0,
                   "iops_wr":0,
                   "bps_max": 8000000,
                   "bps_rd_max": 0,
                   "bps_wr_max": 0,
                   "iops_max": 0,
                   "iops_rd_max": 0,
                   "iops_wr_max": 0,
                   "iops_size": 0,
                   "write_threshold": 0,
                   "image":{
                      "filename":"disks/test.qcow2",
                      "format":"qcow2",
                      "virtual-size":2048000,
                      "backing_file":"base.qcow2",
                      "full-backing-filename":"disks/base.qcow2",
                      "backing-filename-format":"qcow2",
                      "snapshots":[
                         {
                            "id": "1",
                            "name": "snapshot1",
                            "vm-state-size": 0,
                            "date-sec": 10000200,
                            "date-nsec": 12,
                            "vm-clock-sec": 206,
                            "vm-clock-nsec": 30
                         }
                      ],
                      "backing-image":{
                          "filename":"disks/base.qcow2",
                          "format":"qcow2",
                          "virtual-size":2048000
                      }
                   } } ] }
Command: drive-mirror

Start mirroring a block device’s writes to a new destination. target specifies the target of the new image. If the file exists, or if it is a device, it will be used as the new destination for writes. If it does not exist, a new file will be created. format specifies the format of the mirror image, default is to probe if mode=’existing’, else the format of the source.

See DriveMirror for parameter descriptions

Returns: nothing on success If device is not a valid block device, GenericError

Since: 1.3

-> { "execute": "drive-mirror",
     "arguments": { "device": "ide-hd0",
                    "target": "/some/place/my-image",
                    "sync": "full",
                    "format": "qcow2" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: DriveMirror

A set of parameters describing drive mirror setup.

'job-id' (optional)

identifier for the newly-created block job. If omitted, the device name will be used. (Since 2.7)

'device'

the device name or node-name of a root node whose writes should be mirrored.

'target'

the target of the new image. If the file exists, or if it is a device, the existing file/device will be used as the new destination. If it does not exist, a new file will be created.

'format' (optional)

the format of the new destination, default is to probe if mode is ’existing’, else the format of the source

'node-name' (optional)

the new block driver state node name in the graph (Since 2.1)

'replaces' (optional)

with sync=full graph node name to be replaced by the new image when a whole image copy is done. This can be used to repair broken Quorum files. (Since 2.1)

'mode' (optional)

whether and how QEMU should create a new image, default is ’absolute-paths’.

'speed' (optional)

the maximum speed, in bytes per second

'sync'

what parts of the disk image should be copied to the destination (all the disk, only the sectors allocated in the topmost image, or only new I/O).

'granularity' (optional)

granularity of the dirty bitmap, default is 64K if the image format doesn’t have clusters, 4K if the clusters are smaller than that, else the cluster size. Must be a power of 2 between 512 and 64M (since 1.4).

'buf-size' (optional)

maximum amount of data in flight from source to target (since 1.4).

'on-source-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the source, default ’report’. ’stop’ and ’enospc’ can only be used if the block device supports io-status (see BlockInfo).

'on-target-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the target, default ’report’ (no limitations, since this applies to a different block device than device).

'unmap' (optional)

Whether to try to unmap target sectors where source has only zero. If true, and target unallocated sectors will read as zero, target image sectors will be unmapped; otherwise, zeroes will be written. Both will result in identical contents. Default is true. (Since 2.4)

Since: 1.3

Struct: BlockDirtyBitmap
'node'

name of device/node which the bitmap is tracking

'name'

name of the dirty bitmap

Since: 2.4

Struct: BlockDirtyBitmapAdd
'node'

name of device/node which the bitmap is tracking

'name'

name of the dirty bitmap

'granularity' (optional)

the bitmap granularity, default is 64k for block-dirty-bitmap-add

Since: 2.4

Command: block-dirty-bitmap-add

Create a dirty bitmap with a name on the node, and start tracking the writes.

Returns: nothing on success If node is not a valid block device or node, DeviceNotFound If name is already taken, GenericError with an explanation

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "block-dirty-bitmap-add",
     "arguments": { "node": "drive0", "name": "bitmap0" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: block-dirty-bitmap-remove

Stop write tracking and remove the dirty bitmap that was created with block-dirty-bitmap-add.

Returns: nothing on success If node is not a valid block device or node, DeviceNotFound If name is not found, GenericError with an explanation if name is frozen by an operation, GenericError

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "block-dirty-bitmap-remove",
     "arguments": { "node": "drive0", "name": "bitmap0" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: block-dirty-bitmap-clear

Clear (reset) a dirty bitmap on the device, so that an incremental backup from this point in time forward will only backup clusters modified after this clear operation.

Returns: nothing on success If node is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound If name is not found, GenericError with an explanation

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "block-dirty-bitmap-clear",
     "arguments": { "node": "drive0", "name": "bitmap0" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: blockdev-mirror

Start mirroring a block device’s writes to a new destination.

'job-id' (optional)

identifier for the newly-created block job. If omitted, the device name will be used. (Since 2.7)

'device'

The device name or node-name of a root node whose writes should be mirrored.

'target'

the id or node-name of the block device to mirror to. This mustn’t be attached to guest.

'replaces' (optional)

with sync=full graph node name to be replaced by the new image when a whole image copy is done. This can be used to repair broken Quorum files.

'speed' (optional)

the maximum speed, in bytes per second

'sync'

what parts of the disk image should be copied to the destination (all the disk, only the sectors allocated in the topmost image, or only new I/O).

'granularity' (optional)

granularity of the dirty bitmap, default is 64K if the image format doesn’t have clusters, 4K if the clusters are smaller than that, else the cluster size. Must be a power of 2 between 512 and 64M

'buf-size' (optional)

maximum amount of data in flight from source to target

'on-source-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the source, default ’report’. ’stop’ and ’enospc’ can only be used if the block device supports io-status (see BlockInfo).

'on-target-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error on the target, default ’report’ (no limitations, since this applies to a different block device than device).

Returns: nothing on success.

Since: 2.6

-> { "execute": "blockdev-mirror",
     "arguments": { "device": "ide-hd0",
                    "target": "target0",
                    "sync": "full" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: block_set_io_throttle

Change I/O throttle limits for a block drive.

Since QEMU 2.4, each device with I/O limits is member of a throttle group.

If two or more devices are members of the same group, the limits will apply to the combined I/O of the whole group in a round-robin fashion. Therefore, setting new I/O limits to a device will affect the whole group.

The name of the group can be specified using the ’group’ parameter. If the parameter is unset, it is assumed to be the current group of that device. If it’s not in any group yet, the name of the device will be used as the name for its group.

The ’group’ parameter can also be used to move a device to a different group. In this case the limits specified in the parameters will be applied to the new group only.

I/O limits can be disabled by setting all of them to 0. In this case the device will be removed from its group and the rest of its members will not be affected. The ’group’ parameter is ignored.

See BlockIOThrottle for parameter descriptions.

Returns: Nothing on success If device is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound

Since: 1.1

-> { "execute": "block_set_io_throttle",
     "arguments": { "id": "ide0-1-0",
                    "bps": 1000000,
                    "bps_rd": 0,
                    "bps_wr": 0,
                    "iops": 0,
                    "iops_rd": 0,
                    "iops_wr": 0,
                    "bps_max": 8000000,
                    "bps_rd_max": 0,
                    "bps_wr_max": 0,
                    "iops_max": 0,
                    "iops_rd_max": 0,
                    "iops_wr_max": 0,
                    "bps_max_length": 60,
                    "iops_size": 0 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: BlockIOThrottle

A set of parameters describing block throttling.

'device' (optional)

Block device name (deprecated, use id instead)

'id' (optional)

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since: 2.8)

'bps'

total throughput limit in bytes per second

'bps_rd'

read throughput limit in bytes per second

'bps_wr'

write throughput limit in bytes per second

'iops'

total I/O operations per second

'iops_rd'

read I/O operations per second

'iops_wr'

write I/O operations per second

'bps_max' (optional)

total throughput limit during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'bps_rd_max' (optional)

read throughput limit during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'bps_wr_max' (optional)

write throughput limit during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'iops_max' (optional)

total I/O operations per second during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'iops_rd_max' (optional)

read I/O operations per second during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'iops_wr_max' (optional)

write I/O operations per second during bursts, in bytes (Since 1.7)

'bps_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the bps_max burst period, in seconds. It must only be set if bps_max is set as well. Defaults to 1. (Since 2.6)

'bps_rd_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the bps_rd_max burst period, in seconds. It must only be set if bps_rd_max is set as well. Defaults to 1. (Since 2.6)

'bps_wr_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the bps_wr_max burst period, in seconds. It must only be set if bps_wr_max is set as well. Defaults to 1. (Since 2.6)

'iops_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the iops burst period, in seconds. It must only be set if iops_max is set as well. Defaults to 1. (Since 2.6)

'iops_rd_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the iops_rd_max burst period, in seconds. It must only be set if iops_rd_max is set as well. Defaults to 1. (Since 2.6)

'iops_wr_max_length' (optional)

maximum length of the iops_wr_max burst period, in seconds. It must only be set if iops_wr_max is set as well. Defaults to 1. (Since 2.6)

'iops_size' (optional)

an I/O size in bytes (Since 1.7)

'group' (optional)

throttle group name (Since 2.4)

Since: 1.1

Command: block-stream

Copy data from a backing file into a block device.

The block streaming operation is performed in the background until the entire backing file has been copied. This command returns immediately once streaming has started. The status of ongoing block streaming operations can be checked with query-block-jobs. The operation can be stopped before it has completed using the block-job-cancel command.

The node that receives the data is called the top image, can be located in any part of the chain (but always above the base image; see below) and can be specified using its device or node name. Earlier qemu versions only allowed ’device’ to name the top level node; presence of the ’base-node’ parameter during introspection can be used as a witness of the enhanced semantics of ’device’.

If a base file is specified then sectors are not copied from that base file and its backing chain. When streaming completes the image file will have the base file as its backing file. This can be used to stream a subset of the backing file chain instead of flattening the entire image.

On successful completion the image file is updated to drop the backing file and the BLOCK_JOB_COMPLETED event is emitted.

'job-id' (optional)

identifier for the newly-created block job. If omitted, the device name will be used. (Since 2.7)

'device'

the device or node name of the top image

'base' (optional)

the common backing file name. It cannot be set if base-node is also set.

'base-node' (optional)

the node name of the backing file. It cannot be set if base is also set. (Since 2.8)

'backing-file' (optional)

The backing file string to write into the top image. This filename is not validated.

If a pathname string is such that it cannot be resolved by QEMU, that means that subsequent QMP or HMP commands must use node-names for the image in question, as filename lookup methods will fail.

If not specified, QEMU will automatically determine the backing file string to use, or error out if there is no obvious choice. Care should be taken when specifying the string, to specify a valid filename or protocol. (Since 2.1)

'speed' (optional)

the maximum speed, in bytes per second

'on-error' (optional)

the action to take on an error (default report). ’stop’ and ’enospc’ can only be used if the block device supports io-status (see BlockInfo). Since 1.3.

Returns: Nothing on success. If device does not exist, DeviceNotFound.

Since: 1.1

-> { "execute": "block-stream",
     "arguments": { "device": "virtio0",
                    "base": "/tmp/master.qcow2" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: block-job-set-speed

Set maximum speed for a background block operation.

This command can only be issued when there is an active block job.

Throttling can be disabled by setting the speed to 0.

'device'

The job identifier. This used to be a device name (hence the name of the parameter), but since QEMU 2.7 it can have other values.

'speed'

the maximum speed, in bytes per second, or 0 for unlimited. Defaults to 0.

Returns: Nothing on success If no background operation is active on this device, DeviceNotActive

Since: 1.1

Command: block-job-cancel

Stop an active background block operation.

This command returns immediately after marking the active background block operation for cancellation. It is an error to call this command if no operation is in progress.

The operation will cancel as soon as possible and then emit the BLOCK_JOB_CANCELLED event. Before that happens the job is still visible when enumerated using query-block-jobs.

For streaming, the image file retains its backing file unless the streaming operation happens to complete just as it is being cancelled. A new streaming operation can be started at a later time to finish copying all data from the backing file.

'device'

The job identifier. This used to be a device name (hence the name of the parameter), but since QEMU 2.7 it can have other values.

'force' (optional)

whether to allow cancellation of a paused job (default false). Since 1.3.

Returns: Nothing on success If no background operation is active on this device, DeviceNotActive

Since: 1.1

Command: block-job-pause

Pause an active background block operation.

This command returns immediately after marking the active background block operation for pausing. It is an error to call this command if no operation is in progress. Pausing an already paused job has no cumulative effect; a single block-job-resume command will resume the job.

The operation will pause as soon as possible. No event is emitted when the operation is actually paused. Cancelling a paused job automatically resumes it.

'device'

The job identifier. This used to be a device name (hence the name of the parameter), but since QEMU 2.7 it can have other values.

Returns: Nothing on success If no background operation is active on this device, DeviceNotActive

Since: 1.3

Command: block-job-resume

Resume an active background block operation.

This command returns immediately after resuming a paused background block operation. It is an error to call this command if no operation is in progress. Resuming an already running job is not an error.

This command also clears the error status of the job.

'device'

The job identifier. This used to be a device name (hence the name of the parameter), but since QEMU 2.7 it can have other values.

Returns: Nothing on success If no background operation is active on this device, DeviceNotActive

Since: 1.3

Command: block-job-complete

Manually trigger completion of an active background block operation. This is supported for drive mirroring, where it also switches the device to write to the target path only. The ability to complete is signaled with a BLOCK_JOB_READY event.

This command completes an active background block operation synchronously. The ordering of this command’s return with the BLOCK_JOB_COMPLETED event is not defined. Note that if an I/O error occurs during the processing of this command: 1) the command itself will fail; 2) the error will be processed according to the rerror/werror arguments that were specified when starting the operation.

A cancelled or paused job cannot be completed.

'device'

The job identifier. This used to be a device name (hence the name of the parameter), but since QEMU 2.7 it can have other values.

Returns: Nothing on success If no background operation is active on this device, DeviceNotActive

Since: 1.3

Enum: BlockdevDiscardOptions

Determines how to handle discard requests.

'ignore'

Ignore the request

'unmap'

Forward as an unmap request

Since: 1.7

Enum: BlockdevDetectZeroesOptions

Describes the operation mode for the automatic conversion of plain zero writes by the OS to driver specific optimized zero write commands.

'off'

Disabled (default)

'on'

Enabled

'unmap'

Enabled and even try to unmap blocks if possible. This requires also that BlockdevDiscardOptions is set to unmap for this device.

Since: 2.1

Enum: BlockdevAioOptions

Selects the AIO backend to handle I/O requests

'threads'

Use qemu’s thread pool

'native'

Use native AIO backend (only Linux and Windows)

Since: 1.7

Struct: BlockdevCacheOptions

Includes cache-related options for block devices

'direct' (optional)

enables use of O_DIRECT (bypass the host page cache; default: false)

'no-flush' (optional)

ignore any flush requests for the device (default: false)

Since: 1.7

Enum: BlockdevDriver

Drivers that are supported in block device operations.

'host_device'

Since 2.1

'host_cdrom'

Since 2.1

'gluster'

Since 2.7

'nbd'

Since 2.8

'nfs'

Since 2.8

'replication'

Since 2.8

'ssh'

Since 2.8

'archipelago'
'blkdebug'
'blkverify'
'bochs'
'cloop'
'dmg'
'file'
'ftp'
'ftps'
'http'
'https'
'luks'
'null-aio'
'null-co'
'parallels'
'qcow'
'qcow2'
'qed'
'quorum'
'raw'
'vdi'
'vhdx'
'vmdk'
'vpc'
'vvfat'

Since: 2.0

Struct: BlockdevOptionsFile

Driver specific block device options for the file backend.

'filename'

path to the image file

'aio' (optional)

AIO backend (default: threads) (since: 2.8)

Since: 1.7

Struct: BlockdevOptionsNull

Driver specific block device options for the null backend.

'size' (optional)

size of the device in bytes.

'latency-ns' (optional)

emulated latency (in nanoseconds) in processing requests. Default to zero which completes requests immediately. (Since 2.4)

Since: 2.2

Struct: BlockdevOptionsVVFAT

Driver specific block device options for the vvfat protocol.

'dir'

directory to be exported as FAT image

'fat-type' (optional)

FAT type: 12, 16 or 32

'floppy' (optional)

whether to export a floppy image (true) or partitioned hard disk (false; default)

'label' (optional)

set the volume label, limited to 11 bytes. FAT16 and FAT32 traditionally have some restrictions on labels, which are ignored by most operating systems. Defaults to "QEMU VVFAT". (since 2.4)

'rw' (optional)

whether to allow write operations (default: false)

Since: 1.7

Struct: BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat

Driver specific block device options for image format that have no option besides their data source.

'file'

reference to or definition of the data source block device

Since: 1.7

Struct: BlockdevOptionsLUKS

Driver specific block device options for LUKS.

'key-secret' (optional)

the ID of a QCryptoSecret object providing the decryption key (since 2.6). Mandatory except when doing a metadata-only probe of the image.

Since: 2.6

Struct: BlockdevOptionsGenericCOWFormat

Driver specific block device options for image format that have no option besides their data source and an optional backing file.

'backing' (optional)

reference to or definition of the backing file block device (if missing, taken from the image file content). It is allowed to pass an empty string here in order to disable the default backing file.

Since: 1.7

Enum: Qcow2OverlapCheckMode

General overlap check modes.

'none'

Do not perform any checks

'constant'

Perform only checks which can be done in constant time and without reading anything from disk

'cached'

Perform only checks which can be done without reading anything from disk

'all'

Perform all available overlap checks

Since: 2.2

Struct: Qcow2OverlapCheckFlags

Structure of flags for each metadata structure. Setting a field to ’true’ makes qemu guard that structure against unintended overwriting. The default value is chosen according to the template given.

'template' (optional)

Specifies a template mode which can be adjusted using the other flags, defaults to ’cached’

Since: 2.2

Alternate: Qcow2OverlapChecks

Specifies which metadata structures should be guarded against unintended overwriting.

'flags'

set of flags for separate specification of each metadata structure type

'mode'

named mode which chooses a specific set of flags

Since: 2.2

Struct: BlockdevOptionsQcow2

Driver specific block device options for qcow2.

'lazy-refcounts' (optional)

whether to enable the lazy refcounts feature (default is taken from the image file)

'pass-discard-request' (optional)

whether discard requests to the qcow2 device should be forwarded to the data source

'pass-discard-snapshot' (optional)

whether discard requests for the data source should be issued when a snapshot operation (e.g. deleting a snapshot) frees clusters in the qcow2 file

'pass-discard-other' (optional)

whether discard requests for the data source should be issued on other occasions where a cluster gets freed

'overlap-check' (optional)

which overlap checks to perform for writes to the image, defaults to ’cached’ (since 2.2)

'cache-size' (optional)

the maximum total size of the L2 table and refcount block caches in bytes (since 2.2)

'l2-cache-size' (optional)

the maximum size of the L2 table cache in bytes (since 2.2)

'refcount-cache-size' (optional)

the maximum size of the refcount block cache in bytes (since 2.2)

'cache-clean-interval' (optional)

clean unused entries in the L2 and refcount caches. The interval is in seconds. The default value is 0 and it disables this feature (since 2.5)

Since: 1.7

Struct: BlockdevOptionsArchipelago

Driver specific block device options for Archipelago.

'volume'

Name of the Archipelago volume image

'mport' (optional)

The port number on which mapperd is listening. This is optional and if not specified, QEMU will make Archipelago use the default port (1001).

'vport' (optional)

The port number on which vlmcd is listening. This is optional and if not specified, QEMU will make Archipelago use the default port (501).

'segment' (optional)

The name of the shared memory segment Archipelago stack is using. This is optional and if not specified, QEMU will make Archipelago use the default value, ’archipelago’.

Since: 2.2

Struct: BlockdevOptionsSsh
'server'

host address

'path'

path to the image on the host

'user' (optional)

user as which to connect, defaults to current local user name

TODO: Expose the host_key_check option in QMP

Since: 2.8

Enum: BlkdebugEvent

Trigger events supported by blkdebug.

'l1_update'
'l1_grow_alloc_table'
'l1_grow_write_table'
'l1_grow_activate_table'
'l2_load'
'l2_update'
'l2_update_compressed'
'l2_alloc_cow_read'
'l2_alloc_write'
'read_aio'
'read_backing_aio'
'read_compressed'
'write_aio'
'write_compressed'
'vmstate_load'
'vmstate_save'
'cow_read'
'cow_write'
'reftable_load'
'reftable_grow'
'reftable_update'
'refblock_load'
'refblock_update'
'refblock_update_part'
'refblock_alloc'
'refblock_alloc_hookup'
'refblock_alloc_write'
'refblock_alloc_write_blocks'
'refblock_alloc_write_table'
'refblock_alloc_switch_table'
'cluster_alloc'
'cluster_alloc_bytes'
'cluster_free'
'flush_to_os'
'flush_to_disk'
'pwritev_rmw_head'
'pwritev_rmw_after_head'
'pwritev_rmw_tail'
'pwritev_rmw_after_tail'
'pwritev'
'pwritev_zero'
'pwritev_done'
'empty_image_prepare'

Since: 2.0

Struct: BlkdebugInjectErrorOptions

Describes a single error injection for blkdebug.

'event'

trigger event

'state' (optional)

the state identifier blkdebug needs to be in to actually trigger the event; defaults to "any"

'errno' (optional)

error identifier (errno) to be returned; defaults to EIO

'sector' (optional)

specifies the sector index which has to be affected in order to actually trigger the event; defaults to "any sector"

'once' (optional)

disables further events after this one has been triggered; defaults to false

'immediately' (optional)

fail immediately; defaults to false

Since: 2.0

Struct: BlkdebugSetStateOptions

Describes a single state-change event for blkdebug.

'event'

trigger event

'state' (optional)

the current state identifier blkdebug needs to be in; defaults to "any"

'new_state'

the state identifier blkdebug is supposed to assume if this event is triggered

Since: 2.0

Struct: BlockdevOptionsBlkdebug

Driver specific block device options for blkdebug.

'image'

underlying raw block device (or image file)

'config' (optional)

filename of the configuration file

'align' (optional)

required alignment for requests in bytes, must be power of 2, or 0 for default

'inject-error' (optional)

array of error injection descriptions

'set-state' (optional)

array of state-change descriptions

Since: 2.0

Struct: BlockdevOptionsBlkverify

Driver specific block device options for blkverify.

'test'

block device to be tested

'raw'

raw image used for verification

Since: 2.0

Enum: QuorumReadPattern

An enumeration of quorum read patterns.

'quorum'

read all the children and do a quorum vote on reads

'fifo'

read only from the first child that has not failed

Since: 2.2

Struct: BlockdevOptionsQuorum

Driver specific block device options for Quorum

'blkverify' (optional)

true if the driver must print content mismatch set to false by default

'children'

the children block devices to use

'vote-threshold'

the vote limit under which a read will fail

'rewrite-corrupted' (optional)

rewrite corrupted data when quorum is reached (Since 2.1)

'read-pattern' (optional)

choose read pattern and set to quorum by default (Since 2.2)

Since: 2.0

Enum: GlusterTransport

An enumeration of Gluster transport types

'tcp'

TCP - Transmission Control Protocol

'unix'

UNIX - Unix domain socket

Since: 2.7

Flat Union: GlusterServer

Captures the address of a socket

Details for connecting to a gluster server

'type'

Transport type used for gluster connection

This is similar to SocketAddress, only distinction:

  1. GlusterServer is a flat union, SocketAddress is a simple union. A flat union is nicer than simple because it avoids nesting (i.e. more {}) on the wire.
  2. GlusterServer lacks case ’fd’, since gluster doesn’t let you pass in a file descriptor.

GlusterServer is actually not Gluster-specific, its a compatibility evolved into an alternate for SocketAddress.

Since: 2.7

Struct: BlockdevOptionsGluster

Driver specific block device options for Gluster

'volume'

name of gluster volume where VM image resides

'path'

absolute path to image file in gluster volume

'server'

gluster servers description

'debug' (optional)

libgfapi log level (default ’4’ which is Error) (Since 2.8)

'logfile' (optional)

libgfapi log file (default /dev/stderr) (Since 2.8)

Since: 2.7

Enum: ReplicationMode

An enumeration of replication modes.

'primary'

Primary mode, the vm’s state will be sent to secondary QEMU.

'secondary'

Secondary mode, receive the vm’s state from primary QEMU.

Since: 2.8

Struct: BlockdevOptionsReplication

Driver specific block device options for replication

'mode'

the replication mode

'top-id' (optional)

In secondary mode, node name or device ID of the root node who owns the replication node chain. Must not be given in primary mode.

Since: 2.8

Enum: NFSTransport

An enumeration of NFS transport types

'inet'

TCP transport

Since: 2.8

Struct: NFSServer

Captures the address of the socket

'type'

transport type used for NFS (only TCP supported)

'host'

host address for NFS server

Since: 2.8

Struct: BlockdevOptionsNfs

Driver specific block device option for NFS

'server'

host address

'path'

path of the image on the host

'user' (optional)

UID value to use when talking to the server (defaults to 65534 on Windows and getuid() on unix)

'group' (optional)

GID value to use when talking to the server (defaults to 65534 on Windows and getgid() in unix)

'tcp-syn-count' (optional)

number of SYNs during the session establishment (defaults to libnfs default)

'readahead-size' (optional)

set the readahead size in bytes (defaults to libnfs default)

'page-cache-size' (optional)

set the pagecache size in bytes (defaults to libnfs default)

'debug' (optional)

set the NFS debug level (max 2) (defaults to libnfs default)

Since: 2.8

Struct: BlockdevOptionsCurl

Driver specific block device options for the curl backend.

'filename'

path to the image file

Since: 1.7

Struct: BlockdevOptionsNbd

Driver specific block device options for NBD.

'server'

NBD server address

'export' (optional)

export name

'tls-creds' (optional)

TLS credentials ID

Since: 2.8

Struct: BlockdevOptionsRaw

Driver specific block device options for the raw driver.

'offset' (optional)

position where the block device starts

'size' (optional)

the assumed size of the device

Since: 2.8

Flat Union: BlockdevOptions

Options for creating a block device. Many options are available for all block devices, independent of the block driver:

'driver'

block driver name

'node-name' (optional)

the node name of the new node (Since 2.0). This option is required on the top level of blockdev-add.

'discard' (optional)

discard-related options (default: ignore)

'cache' (optional)

cache-related options

'read-only' (optional)

whether the block device should be read-only (default: false)

'detect-zeroes' (optional)

detect and optimize zero writes (Since 2.1) (default: off)

Remaining options are determined by the block driver.

Since: 1.7

Alternate: BlockdevRef

Reference to a block device.

'definition'

defines a new block device inline

'reference'

references the ID of an existing block device. An empty string means that no block device should be referenced.

Since: 1.7

Command: blockdev-add

Creates a new block device. If the id option is given at the top level, a BlockBackend will be created; otherwise, node-name is mandatory at the top level and no BlockBackend will be created.

For the arguments, see the documentation of BlockdevOptions.

Note: This command is still a work in progress. It doesn’t support all block drivers among other things. Stay away from it unless you want to help with its development.

Since: 1.7

1.
-> { "execute": "blockdev-add",
     "arguments": {
         "options" : { "driver": "qcow2",
                       "file": { "driver": "file",
                                 "filename": "test.qcow2" } } } }
<- { "return": {} }

2.
-> { "execute": "blockdev-add",
     "arguments": {
         "options": {
           "driver": "qcow2",
           "node-name": "node0",
           "discard": "unmap",
           "cache": {
               "direct": true,
               "writeback": true
           },
           "file": {
               "driver": "file",
               "filename": "/tmp/test.qcow2"
           },
           "backing": {
               "driver": "raw",
               "file": {
                   "driver": "file",
                   "filename": "/dev/fdset/4"
               }
           }
         }
       }
     }

<- { "return": {} }
Command: x-blockdev-del

Deletes a block device that has been added using blockdev-add. The command will fail if the node is attached to a device or is otherwise being used.

'node-name'

Name of the graph node to delete.

Note: This command is still a work in progress and is considered experimental. Stay away from it unless you want to help with its development.

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "blockdev-add",
     "arguments": {
         "options": {
             "driver": "qcow2",
             "node-name": "node0",
             "file": {
                 "driver": "file",
                 "filename": "test.qcow2"
             }
         }
     }
   }
<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute": "x-blockdev-del",
     "arguments": { "node-name": "node0" }
   }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: blockdev-open-tray

Opens a block device’s tray. If there is a block driver state tree inserted as a medium, it will become inaccessible to the guest (but it will remain associated to the block device, so closing the tray will make it accessible again).

If the tray was already open before, this will be a no-op.

Once the tray opens, a DEVICE_TRAY_MOVED event is emitted. There are cases in which no such event will be generated, these include:

'device' (optional)

Block device name (deprecated, use id instead)

'id' (optional)

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since: 2.8)

'force' (optional)

if false (the default), an eject request will be sent to the guest if it has locked the tray (and the tray will not be opened immediately); if true, the tray will be opened regardless of whether it is locked

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "blockdev-open-tray",
     "arguments": { "id": "ide0-1-0" } }

<- { "timestamp": { "seconds": 1418751016,
                    "microseconds": 716996 },
     "event": "DEVICE_TRAY_MOVED",
     "data": { "device": "ide1-cd0",
               "id": "ide0-1-0",
               "tray-open": true } }

<- { "return": {} }
Command: blockdev-close-tray

Closes a block device’s tray. If there is a block driver state tree associated with the block device (which is currently ejected), that tree will be loaded as the medium.

If the tray was already closed before, this will be a no-op.

'device' (optional)

Block device name (deprecated, use id instead)

'id' (optional)

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since: 2.8)

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "blockdev-close-tray",
     "arguments": { "id": "ide0-1-0" } }

<- { "timestamp": { "seconds": 1418751345,
                    "microseconds": 272147 },
     "event": "DEVICE_TRAY_MOVED",
     "data": { "device": "ide1-cd0",
               "id": "ide0-1-0",
               "tray-open": false } }

<- { "return": {} }
Command: x-blockdev-remove-medium

Removes a medium (a block driver state tree) from a block device. That block device’s tray must currently be open (unless there is no attached guest device).

If the tray is open and there is no medium inserted, this will be a no-op.

'device' (optional)

Block device name (deprecated, use id instead)

'id' (optional)

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since: 2.8)

Note: This command is still a work in progress and is considered experimental. Stay away from it unless you want to help with its development.

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "x-blockdev-remove-medium",
     "arguments": { "id": "ide0-1-0" } }

<- { "error": { "class": "GenericError",
                "desc": "Tray of device 'ide0-1-0' is not open" } }

-> { "execute": "blockdev-open-tray",
     "arguments": { "id": "ide0-1-0" } }

<- { "timestamp": { "seconds": 1418751627,
                    "microseconds": 549958 },
     "event": "DEVICE_TRAY_MOVED",
     "data": { "device": "ide1-cd0",
               "id": "ide0-1-0",
               "tray-open": true } }

<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute": "x-blockdev-remove-medium",
     "arguments": { "device": "ide0-1-0" } }

<- { "return": {} }
Command: x-blockdev-insert-medium

Inserts a medium (a block driver state tree) into a block device. That block device’s tray must currently be open (unless there is no attached guest device) and there must be no medium inserted already.

'device' (optional)

Block device name (deprecated, use id instead)

'id' (optional)

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since: 2.8)

'node-name'

name of a node in the block driver state graph

Note: This command is still a work in progress and is considered experimental. Stay away from it unless you want to help with its development.

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "blockdev-add",
     "arguments": {
         "options": { "node-name": "node0",
                      "driver": "raw",
                      "file": { "driver": "file",
                                "filename": "fedora.iso" } } } }
<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute": "x-blockdev-insert-medium",
     "arguments": { "id": "ide0-1-0",
                    "node-name": "node0" } }

<- { "return": {} }
Enum: BlockdevChangeReadOnlyMode

Specifies the new read-only mode of a block device subject to the blockdev-change-medium command.

'retain'

Retains the current read-only mode

'read-only'

Makes the device read-only

'read-write'

Makes the device writable

Since: 2.3

Command: blockdev-change-medium

Changes the medium inserted into a block device by ejecting the current medium and loading a new image file which is inserted as the new medium (this command combines blockdev-open-tray, x-blockdev-remove-medium, x-blockdev-insert-medium and blockdev-close-tray).

'device' (optional)

Block device name (deprecated, use id instead)

'id' (optional)

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since: 2.8)

'filename'

filename of the new image to be loaded

'format' (optional)

, format to open the new image with (defaults to the probed format)

'read-only-mode' (optional)

, change the read-only mode of the device; defaults to ’retain’

Since: 2.5

1. Change a removable medium

-> { "execute": "blockdev-change-medium",
     "arguments": { "id": "ide0-1-0",
                    "filename": "/srv/images/Fedora-12-x86_64-DVD.iso",
                    "format": "raw" } }
<- { "return": {} }

2. Load a read-only medium into a writable drive

-> { "execute": "blockdev-change-medium",
     "arguments": { "id": "floppyA",
                    "filename": "/srv/images/ro.img",
                    "format": "raw",
                    "read-only-mode": "retain" } }

<- { "error":
     { "class": "GenericError",
       "desc": "Could not open '/srv/images/ro.img': Permission denied" } }

-> { "execute": "blockdev-change-medium",
     "arguments": { "id": "floppyA",
                    "filename": "/srv/images/ro.img",
                    "format": "raw",
                    "read-only-mode": "read-only" } }

<- { "return": {} }
Enum: BlockErrorAction

An enumeration of action that has been taken when a DISK I/O occurs

'ignore'

error has been ignored

'report'

error has been reported to the device

'stop'

error caused VM to be stopped

Since: 2.1

Event: BLOCK_IMAGE_CORRUPTED

Emitted when a disk image is being marked corrupt. The image can be identified by its device or node name. The ’device’ field is always present for compatibility reasons, but it can be empty ("") if the image does not have a device name associated.

'device'

device name. This is always present for compatibility reasons, but it can be empty ("") if the image does not have a device name associated.

'node-name' (optional)

node name (Since: 2.4)

'msg'

informative message for human consumption, such as the kind of corruption being detected. It should not be parsed by machine as it is not guaranteed to be stable

'offset' (optional)

, if the corruption resulted from an image access, this is the host’s access offset into the image

'size' (optional)

, if the corruption resulted from an image access, this is the access size

'fatal'

if set, the image is marked corrupt and therefore unusable after this event and must be repaired (Since 2.2; before, every BLOCK_IMAGE_CORRUPTED event was fatal)

Note: If action is "stop", a STOP event will eventually follow the BLOCK_IO_ERROR event.

<- { "event": "BLOCK_IMAGE_CORRUPTED",
     "data": { "device": "ide0-hd0", "node-name": "node0",
               "msg": "Prevented active L1 table overwrite", "offset": 196608,
               "size": 65536 },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1378126126, "microseconds": 966463 } }

Since: 1.7

Event: BLOCK_IO_ERROR

Emitted when a disk I/O error occurs

'device'

device name. This is always present for compatibility reasons, but it can be empty ("") if the image does not have a device name associated.

'node-name'

node name. Note that errors may be reported for the root node that is directly attached to a guest device rather than for the node where the error occurred. (Since: 2.8)

'operation'

I/O operation

'action'

action that has been taken

'nospace' (optional)

true if I/O error was caused due to a no-space condition. This key is only present if query-block’s io-status is present, please see query-block documentation for more information (since: 2.2)

'reason'

human readable string describing the error cause. (This field is a debugging aid for humans, it should not be parsed by applications) (since: 2.2)

Note: If action is "stop", a STOP event will eventually follow the BLOCK_IO_ERROR event

Since: 0.13.0

<- { "event": "BLOCK_IO_ERROR",
     "data": { "device": "ide0-hd1",
               "node-name": "#block212",
               "operation": "write",
               "action": "stop" },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1265044230, "microseconds": 450486 } }
Event: BLOCK_JOB_COMPLETED

Emitted when a block job has completed

'type'

job type

'device'

The job identifier. Originally the device name but other values are allowed since QEMU 2.7

'len'

maximum progress value

'offset'

current progress value. On success this is equal to len. On failure this is less than len

'speed'

rate limit, bytes per second

'error' (optional)

, error message. Only present on failure. This field contains a human-readable error message. There are no semantics other than that streaming has failed and clients should not try to interpret the error string

Since: 1.1

<- { "event": "BLOCK_JOB_COMPLETED",
     "data": { "type": "stream", "device": "virtio-disk0",
               "len": 10737418240, "offset": 10737418240,
               "speed": 0 },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267061043, "microseconds": 959568 } }
Event: BLOCK_JOB_CANCELLED

Emitted when a block job has been cancelled

'type'

job type

'device'

The job identifier. Originally the device name but other values are allowed since QEMU 2.7

'len'

maximum progress value

'offset'

current progress value. On success this is equal to len. On failure this is less than len

'speed'

rate limit, bytes per second

Since: 1.1

<- { "event": "BLOCK_JOB_CANCELLED",
     "data": { "type": "stream", "device": "virtio-disk0",
               "len": 10737418240, "offset": 134217728,
               "speed": 0 },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267061043, "microseconds": 959568 } }
Event: BLOCK_JOB_ERROR

Emitted when a block job encounters an error

'device'

The job identifier. Originally the device name but other values are allowed since QEMU 2.7

'operation'

I/O operation

'action'

action that has been taken

Since: 1.3

<- { "event": "BLOCK_JOB_ERROR",
     "data": { "device": "ide0-hd1",
               "operation": "write",
               "action": "stop" },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1265044230, "microseconds": 450486 } }
Event: BLOCK_JOB_READY

Emitted when a block job is ready to complete

'type'

job type

'device'

The job identifier. Originally the device name but other values are allowed since QEMU 2.7

'len'

maximum progress value

'offset'

current progress value. On success this is equal to len. On failure this is less than len

'speed'

rate limit, bytes per second

Note: The "ready to complete" status is always reset by a BLOCK_JOB_ERROR event

Since: 1.3

<- { "event": "BLOCK_JOB_READY",
     "data": { "device": "drive0", "type": "mirror", "speed": 0,
               "len": 2097152, "offset": 2097152 }
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1265044230, "microseconds": 450486 } }
Enum: PreallocMode

Preallocation mode of QEMU image file

'off'

no preallocation

'metadata'

preallocate only for metadata

'falloc'

like full preallocation but allocate disk space by posix_fallocate() rather than writing zeros.

'full'

preallocate all data by writing zeros to device to ensure disk space is really available. full preallocation also sets up metadata correctly.

Since: 2.2

Event: BLOCK_WRITE_THRESHOLD

Emitted when writes on block device reaches or exceeds the configured write threshold. For thin-provisioned devices, this means the device should be extended to avoid pausing for disk exhaustion. The event is one shot. Once triggered, it needs to be re-registered with another block-set-threshold command.

'node-name'

graph node name on which the threshold was exceeded.

'amount-exceeded'

amount of data which exceeded the threshold, in bytes.

'write-threshold'

last configured threshold, in bytes.

Since: 2.3

Command: block-set-write-threshold

Change the write threshold for a block drive. An event will be delivered if a write to this block drive crosses the configured threshold. The threshold is an offset, thus must be non-negative. Default is no write threshold. Setting the threshold to zero disables it.

This is useful to transparently resize thin-provisioned drives without the guest OS noticing.

'node-name'

graph node name on which the threshold must be set.

'write-threshold'

configured threshold for the block device, bytes. Use 0 to disable the threshold.

Since: 2.3

-> { "execute": "block-set-write-threshold",
     "arguments": { "node-name": "mydev",
                    "write-threshold": 17179869184 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: x-blockdev-change

Dynamically reconfigure the block driver state graph. It can be used to add, remove, insert or replace a graph node. Currently only the Quorum driver implements this feature to add or remove its child. This is useful to fix a broken quorum child.

If node is specified, it will be inserted under parent. child may not be specified in this case. If both parent and child are specified but node is not, child will be detached from parent.

'parent'

the id or name of the parent node.

'child' (optional)

the name of a child under the given parent node.

'node' (optional)

the name of the node that will be added.

Note: this command is experimental, and its API is not stable. It does not support all kinds of operations, all kinds of children, nor all block drivers.

Warning: The data in a new quorum child MUST be consistent with that of the rest of the array.

Since: 2.7

1. Add a new node to a quorum
-> { "execute": "blockdev-add",
     "arguments": {
         "options": { "driver": "raw",
                      "node-name": "new_node",
                       "file": { "driver": "file",
                                 "filename": "test.raw" } } } }
<- { "return": {} }
-> { "execute": "x-blockdev-change",
     "arguments": { "parent": "disk1",
                    "node": "new_node" } }
<- { "return": {} }

2. Delete a quorum's node
-> { "execute": "x-blockdev-change",
     "arguments": { "parent": "disk1",
                    "child": "children.1" } }
<- { "return": {} }

1.5.2 QAPI block definitions (vm unrelated)

Enum: BiosAtaTranslation

Policy that BIOS should use to interpret cylinder/head/sector addresses. Note that Bochs BIOS and SeaBIOS will not actually translate logical CHS to physical; instead, they will use logical block addressing.

'auto'

If cylinder/heads/sizes are passed, choose between none and LBA depending on the size of the disk. If they are not passed, choose none if QEMU can guess that the disk had 16 or fewer heads, large if QEMU can guess that the disk had 131072 or fewer tracks across all heads (i.e. cylinders*heads<131072), otherwise LBA.

'none'

The physical disk geometry is equal to the logical geometry.

'lba'

Assume 63 sectors per track and one of 16, 32, 64, 128 or 255 heads (if fewer than 255 are enough to cover the whole disk with 1024 cylinders/head). The number of cylinders/head is then computed based on the number of sectors and heads.

'large'

The number of cylinders per head is scaled down to 1024 by correspondingly scaling up the number of heads.

'rechs'

Same as large, but first convert a 16-head geometry to 15-head, by proportionally scaling up the number of cylinders/head.

Since: 2.0

Enum: FloppyDriveType

Type of Floppy drive to be emulated by the Floppy Disk Controller.

'144'

1.44MB 3.5" drive

'288'

2.88MB 3.5" drive

'120'

1.2MB 5.25" drive

'none'

No drive connected

'auto'

Automatically determined by inserted media at boot

Since: 2.6

Struct: BlockdevSnapshotInternal
'device'

the device name or node-name of a root node to generate the snapshot from

'name'

the name of the internal snapshot to be created

Notes: In transaction, if name is empty, or any snapshot matching name exists, the operation will fail. Only some image formats support it, for example, qcow2, rbd, and sheepdog.

Since: 1.7

Command: blockdev-snapshot-internal-sync

Synchronously take an internal snapshot of a block device, when the format of the image used supports it. If the name is an empty string, or a snapshot with name already exists, the operation will fail.

For the arguments, see the documentation of BlockdevSnapshotInternal.

Returns: nothing on success

If device is not a valid block device, GenericError

If any snapshot matching name exists, or name is empty, GenericError

If the format of the image used does not support it, BlockFormatFeatureNotSupported

Since: 1.7

-> { "execute": "blockdev-snapshot-internal-sync",
     "arguments": { "device": "ide-hd0",
                    "name": "snapshot0" }
   }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: blockdev-snapshot-delete-internal-sync

Synchronously delete an internal snapshot of a block device, when the format of the image used support it. The snapshot is identified by name or id or both. One of the name or id is required. Return SnapshotInfo for the successfully deleted snapshot.

'device'

the device name or node-name of a root node to delete the snapshot from

'id' (optional)

optional the snapshot’s ID to be deleted

'name' (optional)

optional the snapshot’s name to be deleted

Returns: SnapshotInfo on success If device is not a valid block device, GenericError If snapshot not found, GenericError If the format of the image used does not support it, BlockFormatFeatureNotSupported If id and name are both not specified, GenericError

Since: 1.7

-> { "execute": "blockdev-snapshot-delete-internal-sync",
     "arguments": { "device": "ide-hd0",
                    "name": "snapshot0" }
   }
<- { "return": {
                   "id": "1",
                   "name": "snapshot0",
                   "vm-state-size": 0,
                   "date-sec": 1000012,
                   "date-nsec": 10,
                   "vm-clock-sec": 100,
                   "vm-clock-nsec": 20
     }
   }
Command: eject

Ejects a device from a removable drive.

'device' (optional)

Block device name (deprecated, use id instead)

'id' (optional)

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since: 2.8)

'force' (optional)

If true, eject regardless of whether the drive is locked. If not specified, the default value is false.

Returns: Nothing on success

If device is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound

Notes: Ejecting a device with no media results in success

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "eject", "arguments": { "device": "ide1-0-1" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: nbd-server-start

Start an NBD server listening on the given host and port. Block devices can then be exported using nbd-server-add. The NBD server will present them as named exports; for example, another QEMU instance could refer to them as "nbd:HOST:PORT:exportname=NAME".

'addr'

Address on which to listen.

'tls-creds' (optional)

(optional) ID of the TLS credentials object. Since 2.6

Returns: error if the server is already running.

Since: 1.3.0

Command: nbd-server-add

Export a block node to QEMU’s embedded NBD server.

'device'

The device name or node name of the node to be exported

'writable' (optional)

Whether clients should be able to write to the device via the NBD connection (default false).

Returns: error if the device is already marked for export.

Since: 1.3.0

Command: nbd-server-stop

Stop QEMU’s embedded NBD server, and unregister all devices previously added via nbd-server-add.

Since: 1.3.0

Event: DEVICE_TRAY_MOVED

Emitted whenever the tray of a removable device is moved by the guest or by HMP/QMP commands

'device'

Block device name. This is always present for compatibility reasons, but it can be empty ("") if the image does not have a device name associated.

'id'

The name or QOM path of the guest device (since 2.8)

'tray-open'

true if the tray has been opened or false if it has been closed

Since: 1.1

<- { "event": "DEVICE_TRAY_MOVED",
     "data": { "device": "ide1-cd0",
               "id": "/machine/unattached/device[22]",
               "tray-open": true
     },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1265044230, "microseconds": 450486 } }
Enum: QuorumOpType

An enumeration of the quorum operation types

'read'

read operation

'write'

write operation

'flush'

flush operation

Since: 2.6

1.6 Other events

Event: SHUTDOWN

Emitted when the virtual machine has shut down, indicating that qemu is about to exit.

Note: If the command-line option "-no-shutdown" has been specified, qemu will not exit, and a STOP event will eventually follow the SHUTDOWN event

Since: 0.12.0

<- { "event": "SHUTDOWN",
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267040730, "microseconds": 682951 } }
Event: POWERDOWN

Emitted when the virtual machine is powered down through the power control system, such as via ACPI.

Since: 0.12.0

<- { "event": "POWERDOWN",
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267040730, "microseconds": 682951 } }
Event: RESET

Emitted when the virtual machine is reset

Since: 0.12.0

<- { "event": "RESET",
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267041653, "microseconds": 9518 } }
Event: STOP

Emitted when the virtual machine is stopped

Since: 0.12.0

<- { "event": "STOP",
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267041730, "microseconds": 281295 } }
Event: RESUME

Emitted when the virtual machine resumes execution

Since: 0.12.0

<- { "event": "RESUME",
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1271770767, "microseconds": 582542 } }
Event: SUSPEND

Emitted when guest enters a hardware suspension state, for example, S3 state, which is sometimes called standby state

Since: 1.1

<- { "event": "SUSPEND",
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1344456160, "microseconds": 309119 } }
Event: SUSPEND_DISK

Emitted when guest enters a hardware suspension state with data saved on disk, for example, S4 state, which is sometimes called hibernate state

Note: QEMU shuts down (similar to event SHUTDOWN) when entering this state

Since: 1.2

<-   { "event": "SUSPEND_DISK",
       "timestamp": { "seconds": 1344456160, "microseconds": 309119 } }
Event: WAKEUP

Emitted when the guest has woken up from suspend state and is running

Since: 1.1

<- { "event": "WAKEUP",
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1344522075, "microseconds": 745528 } }
Event: RTC_CHANGE

Emitted when the guest changes the RTC time.

'offset'

offset between base RTC clock (as specified by -rtc base), and new RTC clock value

Note: This event is rate-limited.

Since: 0.13.0

<-   { "event": "RTC_CHANGE",
       "data": { "offset": 78 },
       "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267020223, "microseconds": 435656 } }
Event: WATCHDOG

Emitted when the watchdog device’s timer is expired

'action'

action that has been taken

Note: If action is "reset", "shutdown", or "pause" the WATCHDOG event is followed respectively by the RESET, SHUTDOWN, or STOP events

Note: This event is rate-limited.

Since: 0.13.0

<- { "event": "WATCHDOG",
     "data": { "action": "reset" },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267061043, "microseconds": 959568 } }
Event: DEVICE_DELETED

Emitted whenever the device removal completion is acknowledged by the guest. At this point, it’s safe to reuse the specified device ID. Device removal can be initiated by the guest or by HMP/QMP commands.

'device' (optional)

, device name

'path'

device path

Since: 1.5

<- { "event": "DEVICE_DELETED",
     "data": { "device": "virtio-net-pci-0",
               "path": "/machine/peripheral/virtio-net-pci-0" },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1265044230, "microseconds": 450486 } }
Event: NIC_RX_FILTER_CHANGED

Emitted once until the ’query-rx-filter’ command is executed, the first event will always be emitted

'name' (optional)

, net client name

'path'

device path

Since: 1.6

<- { "event": "NIC_RX_FILTER_CHANGED",
     "data": { "name": "vnet0",
               "path": "/machine/peripheral/vnet0/virtio-backend" },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1368697518, "microseconds": 326866 } }
   }
Event: VNC_CONNECTED

Emitted when a VNC client establishes a connection

'server'

server information

'client'

client information

Note: This event is emitted before any authentication takes place, thus the authentication ID is not provided

Since: 0.13.0

<- { "event": "VNC_CONNECTED",
     "data": {
           "server": { "auth": "sasl", "family": "ipv4",
                       "service": "5901", "host": "0.0.0.0" },
           "client": { "family": "ipv4", "service": "58425",
                       "host": "127.0.0.1" } },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1262976601, "microseconds": 975795 } }
Event: VNC_INITIALIZED

Emitted after authentication takes place (if any) and the VNC session is made active

'server'

server information

'client'

client information

Since: 0.13.0

<-  { "event": "VNC_INITIALIZED",
      "data": {
           "server": { "auth": "sasl", "family": "ipv4",
                       "service": "5901", "host": "0.0.0.0"},
           "client": { "family": "ipv4", "service": "46089",
                       "host": "127.0.0.1", "sasl_username": "luiz" } },
      "timestamp": { "seconds": 1263475302, "microseconds": 150772 } }
Event: VNC_DISCONNECTED

Emitted when the connection is closed

'server'

server information

'client'

client information

Since: 0.13.0

<- { "event": "VNC_DISCONNECTED",
     "data": {
           "server": { "auth": "sasl", "family": "ipv4",
                       "service": "5901", "host": "0.0.0.0" },
           "client": { "family": "ipv4", "service": "58425",
                       "host": "127.0.0.1", "sasl_username": "luiz" } },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1262976601, "microseconds": 975795 } }
Event: SPICE_CONNECTED

Emitted when a SPICE client establishes a connection

'server'

server information

'client'

client information

Since: 0.14.0

<- { "timestamp": {"seconds": 1290688046, "microseconds": 388707},
     "event": "SPICE_CONNECTED",
     "data": {
       "server": { "port": "5920", "family": "ipv4", "host": "127.0.0.1"},
       "client": {"port": "52873", "family": "ipv4", "host": "127.0.0.1"}
   }}
Event: SPICE_INITIALIZED

Emitted after initial handshake and authentication takes place (if any) and the SPICE channel is up and running

'server'

server information

'client'

client information

Since: 0.14.0

<- { "timestamp": {"seconds": 1290688046, "microseconds": 417172},
     "event": "SPICE_INITIALIZED",
     "data": {"server": {"auth": "spice", "port": "5921",
                         "family": "ipv4", "host": "127.0.0.1"},
              "client": {"port": "49004", "family": "ipv4", "channel-type": 3,
                         "connection-id": 1804289383, "host": "127.0.0.1",
                         "channel-id": 0, "tls": true}
   }}
Event: SPICE_DISCONNECTED

Emitted when the SPICE connection is closed

'server'

server information

'client'

client information

Since: 0.14.0

<- { "timestamp": {"seconds": 1290688046, "microseconds": 388707},
     "event": "SPICE_DISCONNECTED",
     "data": {
       "server": { "port": "5920", "family": "ipv4", "host": "127.0.0.1"},
       "client": {"port": "52873", "family": "ipv4", "host": "127.0.0.1"}
   }}
Event: SPICE_MIGRATE_COMPLETED

Emitted when SPICE migration has completed

Since: 1.3

<- { "timestamp": {"seconds": 1290688046, "microseconds": 417172},
     "event": "SPICE_MIGRATE_COMPLETED" }
Event: MIGRATION

Emitted when a migration event happens

'status'

MigrationStatus describing the current migration status.

Since: 2.4

<- {"timestamp": {"seconds": 1432121972, "microseconds": 744001},
    "event": "MIGRATION",
    "data": {"status": "completed"} }
Event: MIGRATION_PASS

Emitted from the source side of a migration at the start of each pass (when it syncs the dirty bitmap)

'pass'

An incrementing count (starting at 1 on the first pass)

Since: 2.6

{ "timestamp": {"seconds": 1449669631, "microseconds": 239225},
  "event": "MIGRATION_PASS", "data": {"pass": 2} }
Event: ACPI_DEVICE_OST

Emitted when guest executes ACPI _OST method.

'info'

ACPIOSTInfo type as described in qapi-schema.json

Since: 2.1

<- { "event": "ACPI_DEVICE_OST",
     "data": { "device": "d1", "slot": "0",
               "slot-type": "DIMM", "source": 1, "status": 0 } }
Event: BALLOON_CHANGE

Emitted when the guest changes the actual BALLOON level. This value is equivalent to the actual field return by the ’query-balloon’ command

'actual'

actual level of the guest memory balloon in bytes

Note: this event is rate-limited.

Since: 1.2

<- { "event": "BALLOON_CHANGE",
     "data": { "actual": 944766976 },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1267020223, "microseconds": 435656 } }
Event: GUEST_PANICKED

Emitted when guest OS panic is detected

'action'

action that has been taken, currently always "pause"

Since: 1.5

<- { "event": "GUEST_PANICKED",
     "data": { "action": "pause" } }
Event: QUORUM_FAILURE

Emitted by the Quorum block driver if it fails to establish a quorum

'reference'

device name if defined else node name

'sector-num'

number of the first sector of the failed read operation

'sectors-count'

failed read operation sector count

Note: This event is rate-limited.

Since: 2.0

<- { "event": "QUORUM_FAILURE",
     "data": { "reference": "usr1", "sector-num": 345435, "sectors-count": 5 },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1344522075, "microseconds": 745528 } }
Event: QUORUM_REPORT_BAD

Emitted to report a corruption of a Quorum file

'type'

quorum operation type (Since 2.6)

'error' (optional)

, error message. Only present on failure. This field contains a human-readable error message. There are no semantics other than that the block layer reported an error and clients should not try to interpret the error string.

'node-name'

the graph node name of the block driver state

'sector-num'

number of the first sector of the failed read operation

'sectors-count'

failed read operation sector count

Note: This event is rate-limited.

Since: 2.0

1. Read operation

{ "event": "QUORUM_REPORT_BAD",
     "data": { "node-name": "node0", "sector-num": 345435, "sectors-count": 5,
               "type": "read" },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1344522075, "microseconds": 745528 } }

2. Flush operation

{ "event": "QUORUM_REPORT_BAD",
     "data": { "node-name": "node0", "sector-num": 0, "sectors-count": 2097120,
               "type": "flush", "error": "Broken pipe" },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1456406829, "microseconds": 291763 } }
Event: VSERPORT_CHANGE

Emitted when the guest opens or closes a virtio-serial port.

'id'

device identifier of the virtio-serial port

'open'

true if the guest has opened the virtio-serial port

Since: 2.1

<- { "event": "VSERPORT_CHANGE",
     "data": { "id": "channel0", "open": true },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1401385907, "microseconds": 422329 } }
Event: MEM_UNPLUG_ERROR

Emitted when memory hot unplug error occurs.

'device'

device name

'msg'

Informative message

Since: 2.4

<- { "event": "MEM_UNPLUG_ERROR"
     "data": { "device": "dimm1",
               "msg": "acpi: device unplug for unsupported device"
     },
     "timestamp": { "seconds": 1265044230, "microseconds": 450486 } }
Event: DUMP_COMPLETED

Emitted when background dump has completed

'result'

DumpQueryResult type described in qapi-schema.json.

'error' (optional)

human-readable error string that provides hint on why dump failed. Only presents on failure. The user should not try to interpret the error string.

Since: 2.6

{ "event": "DUMP_COMPLETED",
  "data": {"result": {"total": 1090650112, "status": "completed",
                      "completed": 1090650112} } }

1.7 Tracing commands

Enum: TraceEventState

State of a tracing event.

'unavailable'

The event is statically disabled.

'disabled'

The event is dynamically disabled.

'enabled'

The event is dynamically enabled.

Since: 2.2

Struct: TraceEventInfo

Information of a tracing event.

'name'

Event name.

'state'

Tracing state.

'vcpu'

Whether this is a per-vCPU event (since 2.7).

An event is per-vCPU if it has the "vcpu" property in the "trace-events" files.

Since: 2.2

Command: trace-event-get-state

Query the state of events.

'name'

Event name pattern (case-sensitive glob).

'vcpu' (optional)

The vCPU to query (any by default; since 2.7).

Returns: a list of TraceEventInfo for the matching events

An event is returned if:

  • - its name matches the name pattern, and
  • - if vcpu is given, the event has the "vcpu" property.

Therefore, if vcpu is given, the operation will only match per-vCPU events, returning their state on the specified vCPU. Special case: if name is an exact match, vcpu is given and the event does not have the "vcpu" property, an error is returned.

Since: 2.2

-> { "execute": "trace-event-get-state",
     "arguments": { "name": "qemu_memalign" } }
<- { "return": [ { "name": "qemu_memalign", "state": "disabled" } ] }
Command: trace-event-set-state

Set the dynamic tracing state of events.

'name'

Event name pattern (case-sensitive glob).

'enable'

Whether to enable tracing.

'ignore-unavailable' (optional)

Do not match unavailable events with name.

'vcpu' (optional)

The vCPU to act upon (all by default; since 2.7).

An event’s state is modified if:

Therefore, if vcpu is given, the operation will only match per-vCPU events, setting their state on the specified vCPU. Special case: if name is an exact match, vcpu is given and the event does not have the "vcpu" property, an error is returned.

Since: 2.2

-> { "execute": "trace-event-set-state",
     "arguments": { "name": "qemu_memalign", "enable": "true" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: query-qmp-schema

Command query-qmp-schema exposes the QMP wire ABI as an array of SchemaInfo. This lets QMP clients figure out what commands and events are available in this QEMU, and their parameters and results.

However, the SchemaInfo can’t reflect all the rules and restrictions that apply to QMP. It’s interface introspection (figuring out what’s there), not interface specification. The specification is in the QAPI schema.

Furthermore, while we strive to keep the QMP wire format backwards-compatible across qemu versions, the introspection output is not guaranteed to have the same stability. For example, one version of qemu may list an object member as an optional non-variant, while another lists the same member only through the object’s variants; or the type of a member may change from a generic string into a specific enum or from one specific type into an alternate that includes the original type alongside something else.

Returns: array of SchemaInfo, where each element describes an entity in the ABI: command, event, type, ...

The order of the various SchemaInfo is unspecified; however, all names are guaranteed to be unique (no name will be duplicated with different meta-types).

Note: the QAPI schema is also used to help define internal interfaces, by defining QAPI types. These are not part of the QMP wire ABI, and therefore not returned by this command.

Since: 2.5

Enum: SchemaMetaType

This is a SchemaInfo’s meta type, i.e. the kind of entity it describes.

'builtin'

a predefined type such as ’int’ or ’bool’.

'enum'

an enumeration type

'array'

an array type

'object'

an object type (struct or union)

'alternate'

an alternate type

'command'

a QMP command

'event'

a QMP event

Since: 2.5

Flat Union: SchemaInfo
'name'

the entity’s name, inherited from base. The SchemaInfo is always referenced by this name. Commands and events have the name defined in the QAPI schema. Unlike command and event names, type names are not part of the wire ABI. Consequently, type names are meaningless strings here, although they are still guaranteed unique regardless of meta-type.

'meta-type'

the entity’s meta type, inherited from base.

Additional members depend on the value of meta-type.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoBuiltin

Additional SchemaInfo members for meta-type ’builtin’.

'json-type'

the JSON type used for this type on the wire.

Since: 2.5

Enum: JSONType

The four primitive and two structured types according to RFC 7159 section 1, plus ’int’ (split off ’number’), plus the obvious top type ’value’.

'string'
'number'
'int'
'boolean'
'null'
'object'
'array'
'value'

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoEnum

Additional SchemaInfo members for meta-type ’enum’.

'values'

the enumeration type’s values, in no particular order.

Values of this type are JSON string on the wire.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoArray

Additional SchemaInfo members for meta-type ’array’.

'element-type'

the array type’s element type.

Values of this type are JSON array on the wire.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoObject

Additional SchemaInfo members for meta-type ’object’.

'members'

the object type’s (non-variant) members, in no particular order.

'tag' (optional)

the name of the member serving as type tag. An element of members with this name must exist.

'variants' (optional)

variant members, i.e. additional members that depend on the type tag’s value. Present exactly when tag is present. The variants are in no particular order, and may even differ from the order of the values of the enum type of the tag.

Values of this type are JSON object on the wire.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoObjectMember

An object member.

'name'

the member’s name, as defined in the QAPI schema.

'type'

the name of the member’s type.

'default' (optional)

default when used as command parameter. If absent, the parameter is mandatory. If present, the value must be null. The parameter is optional, and behavior when it’s missing is not specified here. Future extension: if present and non-null, the parameter is optional, and defaults to this value.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoObjectVariant

The variant members for a value of the type tag.

'case'

a value of the type tag.

'type'

the name of the object type that provides the variant members when the type tag has value case.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoAlternate

Additional SchemaInfo members for meta-type ’alternate’.

'members'

the alternate type’s members, in no particular order. The members’ wire encoding is distinct, see docs/qapi-code-gen.txt section Alternate types.

On the wire, this can be any of the members.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoAlternateMember

An alternate member.

'type'

the name of the member’s type.

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoCommand

Additional SchemaInfo members for meta-type ’command’.

'arg-type'

the name of the object type that provides the command’s parameters.

'ret-type'

the name of the command’s result type.

TODO: success-response (currently irrelevant, because it’s QGA, not QMP)

Since: 2.5

Struct: SchemaInfoEvent

Additional SchemaInfo members for meta-type ’event’.

'arg-type'

the name of the object type that provides the event’s parameters.

Since: 2.5

1.8 QMP commands

Command: qmp_capabilities

Enable QMP capabilities.

Arguments: None.

-> { "execute": "qmp_capabilities" }
<- { "return": {} }

Notes: This command is valid exactly when first connecting: it must be issued before any other command will be accepted, and will fail once the monitor is accepting other commands. (see qemu docs/qmp-spec.txt)

Since: 0.13

Enum: LostTickPolicy

Policy for handling lost ticks in timer devices.

'discard'

throw away the missed tick(s) and continue with future injection normally. Guest time may be delayed, unless the OS has explicit handling of lost ticks

'delay'

continue to deliver ticks at the normal rate. Guest time will be delayed due to the late tick

'merge'

merge the missed tick(s) into one tick and inject. Guest time may be delayed, depending on how the OS reacts to the merging of ticks

'slew'

deliver ticks at a higher rate to catch up with the missed tick. The guest time should not be delayed once catchup is complete.

Since: 2.0

Command: add_client

Allow client connections for VNC, Spice and socket based character devices to be passed in to QEMU via SCM_RIGHTS.

'protocol'

protocol name. Valid names are "vnc", "spice" or the name of a character device (eg. from -chardev id=XXXX)

'fdname'

file descriptor name previously passed via ’getfd’ command

'skipauth' (optional)

whether to skip authentication. Only applies to "vnc" and "spice" protocols

'tls' (optional)

whether to perform TLS. Only applies to the "spice" protocol

Returns: nothing on success.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "add_client", "arguments": { "protocol": "vnc",
                                             "fdname": "myclient" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: NameInfo

Guest name information.

'name' (optional)

The name of the guest

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-name

Return the name information of a guest.

Returns: NameInfo of the guest

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-name" }
<- { "return": { "name": "qemu-name" } }
Struct: KvmInfo

Information about support for KVM acceleration

'enabled'

true if KVM acceleration is active

'present'

true if KVM acceleration is built into this executable

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-kvm

Returns information about KVM acceleration

Returns: KvmInfo

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-kvm" }
<- { "return": { "enabled": true, "present": true } }
Enum: RunState

An enumeration of VM run states.

'debug'

QEMU is running on a debugger

'finish-migrate'

guest is paused to finish the migration process

'inmigrate'

guest is paused waiting for an incoming migration. Note that this state does not tell whether the machine will start at the end of the migration. This depends on the command-line -S option and any invocation of ’stop’ or ’cont’ that has happened since QEMU was started.

'internal-error'

An internal error that prevents further guest execution has occurred

'io-error'

the last IOP has failed and the device is configured to pause on I/O errors

'paused'

guest has been paused via the ’stop’ command

'postmigrate'

guest is paused following a successful ’migrate’

'prelaunch'

QEMU was started with -S and guest has not started

'restore-vm'

guest is paused to restore VM state

'running'

guest is actively running

'save-vm'

guest is paused to save the VM state

'shutdown'

guest is shut down (and -no-shutdown is in use)

'suspended'

guest is suspended (ACPI S3)

'watchdog'

the watchdog action is configured to pause and has been triggered

'guest-panicked'

guest has been panicked as a result of guest OS panic

'colo'

guest is paused to save/restore VM state under colo checkpoint, VM can not get into this state unless colo capability is enabled for migration. (since 2.8)

Struct: StatusInfo

Information about VCPU run state

'running'

true if all VCPUs are runnable, false if not runnable

'singlestep'

true if VCPUs are in single-step mode

'status'

the virtual machine RunState

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: singlestep is enabled through the GDB stub

Command: query-status

Query the run status of all VCPUs

Returns: StatusInfo reflecting all VCPUs

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-status" }
<- { "return": { "running": true,
                 "singlestep": false,
                 "status": "running" } }
Struct: UuidInfo

Guest UUID information (Universally Unique Identifier).

'UUID'

the UUID of the guest

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: If no UUID was specified for the guest, a null UUID is returned.

Command: query-uuid

Query the guest UUID information.

Returns: The UuidInfo for the guest

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-uuid" }
<- { "return": { "UUID": "550e8400-e29b-41d4-a716-446655440000" } }
Struct: ChardevInfo

Information about a character device.

'label'

the label of the character device

'filename'

the filename of the character device

'frontend-open'

shows whether the frontend device attached to this backend (eg. with the chardev=... option) is in open or closed state (since 2.1)

Notes: filename is encoded using the QEMU command line character device encoding. See the QEMU man page for details.

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-chardev

Returns information about current character devices.

Returns: a list of ChardevInfo

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-chardev" }
<- {
      "return": [
         {
            "label": "charchannel0",
            "filename": "unix:/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/seabios.rhel6.agent,server",
            "frontend-open": false
         },
         {
            "label": "charmonitor",
            "filename": "unix:/var/lib/libvirt/qemu/seabios.rhel6.monitor,server",
            "frontend-open": true
         },
         {
            "label": "charserial0",
            "filename": "pty:/dev/pts/2",
            "frontend-open": true
         }
      ]
   }
Struct: ChardevBackendInfo

Information about a character device backend

'name'

The backend name

Since: 2.0

Command: query-chardev-backends

Returns information about character device backends.

Returns: a list of ChardevBackendInfo

Since: 2.0

-> { "execute": "query-chardev-backends" }
<- {
      "return":[
         {
            "name":"udp"
         },
         {
            "name":"tcp"
         },
         {
            "name":"unix"
         },
         {
            "name":"spiceport"
         }
      ]
   }
Enum: DataFormat

An enumeration of data format.

'utf8'

Data is a UTF-8 string (RFC 3629)

'base64'

Data is Base64 encoded binary (RFC 3548)

Since: 1.4

Command: ringbuf-write

Write to a ring buffer character device.

'device'

the ring buffer character device name

'data'

data to write

'format' (optional)

data encoding (default ’utf8’).

  • - base64: data must be base64 encoded text. Its binary decoding gets written.
  • - utf8: data’s UTF-8 encoding is written
  • - data itself is always Unicode regardless of format, like any other string.

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 1.4

-> { "execute": "ringbuf-write",
     "arguments": { "device": "foo",
                    "data": "abcdefgh",
                    "format": "utf8" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: ringbuf-read

Read from a ring buffer character device.

'device'

the ring buffer character device name

'size'

how many bytes to read at most

'format' (optional)

data encoding (default ’utf8’).

  • - base64: the data read is returned in base64 encoding.
  • - utf8: the data read is interpreted as UTF-8. Bug: can screw up when the buffer contains invalid UTF-8 sequences, NUL characters, after the ring buffer lost data, and when reading stops because the size limit is reached.
  • - The return value is always Unicode regardless of format, like any other string.

Returns: data read from the device

Since: 1.4

-> { "execute": "ringbuf-read",
     "arguments": { "device": "foo",
                    "size": 1000,
                    "format": "utf8" } }
<- { "return": "abcdefgh" }
Struct: EventInfo

Information about a QMP event

'name'

The event name

Since: 1.2.0

Command: query-events

Return a list of supported QMP events by this server

Returns: A list of EventInfo for all supported events

Since: 1.2.0

-> { "execute": "query-events" }
<- {
     "return": [
         {
            "name":"SHUTDOWN"
         },
         {
            "name":"RESET"
         }
      ]
   }

Note: This example has been shortened as the real response is too long.

Struct: MigrationStats

Detailed migration status.

'transferred'

amount of bytes already transferred to the target VM

'remaining'

amount of bytes remaining to be transferred to the target VM

'total'

total amount of bytes involved in the migration process

'duplicate'

number of duplicate (zero) pages (since 1.2)

'skipped'

number of skipped zero pages (since 1.5)

'normal'

number of normal pages (since 1.2)

'normal-bytes'

number of normal bytes sent (since 1.2)

'dirty-pages-rate'

number of pages dirtied by second by the guest (since 1.3)

'mbps'

throughput in megabits/sec. (since 1.6)

'dirty-sync-count'

number of times that dirty ram was synchronized (since 2.1)

'postcopy-requests'

The number of page requests received from the destination (since 2.7)

Since: 0.14.0

Struct: XBZRLECacheStats

Detailed XBZRLE migration cache statistics

'cache-size'

XBZRLE cache size

'bytes'

amount of bytes already transferred to the target VM

'pages'

amount of pages transferred to the target VM

'cache-miss'

number of cache miss

'cache-miss-rate'

rate of cache miss (since 2.1)

'overflow'

number of overflows

Since: 1.2

Enum: MigrationStatus

An enumeration of migration status.

'none'

no migration has ever happened.

'setup'

migration process has been initiated.

'cancelling'

in the process of cancelling migration.

'cancelled'

cancelling migration is finished.

'active'

in the process of doing migration.

'postcopy-active'

like active, but now in postcopy mode. (since 2.5)

'completed'

migration is finished.

'failed'

some error occurred during migration process.

'colo'

VM is in the process of fault tolerance, VM can not get into this state unless colo capability is enabled for migration. (since 2.8)

Since: 2.3

Struct: MigrationInfo

Information about current migration process.

'status' (optional)

MigrationStatus describing the current migration status. If this field is not returned, no migration process has been initiated

'ram' (optional)

MigrationStats containing detailed migration status, only returned if status is ’active’ or ’completed’(since 1.2)

'disk' (optional)

MigrationStats containing detailed disk migration status, only returned if status is ’active’ and it is a block migration

'xbzrle-cache' (optional)

XBZRLECacheStats containing detailed XBZRLE migration statistics, only returned if XBZRLE feature is on and status is ’active’ or ’completed’ (since 1.2)

'total-time' (optional)

total amount of milliseconds since migration started. If migration has ended, it returns the total migration time. (since 1.2)

'downtime' (optional)

only present when migration finishes correctly total downtime in milliseconds for the guest. (since 1.3)

'expected-downtime' (optional)

only present while migration is active expected downtime in milliseconds for the guest in last walk of the dirty bitmap. (since 1.3)

'setup-time' (optional)

amount of setup time in milliseconds before the iterations begin but after the QMP command is issued. This is designed to provide an accounting of any activities (such as RDMA pinning) which may be expensive, but do not actually occur during the iterative migration rounds themselves. (since 1.6)

'cpu-throttle-percentage' (optional)

percentage of time guest cpus are being throttled during auto-converge. This is only present when auto-converge has started throttling guest cpus. (Since 2.7)

'error-desc' (optional)

the human readable error description string, when status is ’failed’. Clients should not attempt to parse the error strings. (Since 2.7)

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-migrate

Returns information about current migration process. If migration is active there will be another json-object with RAM migration status and if block migration is active another one with block migration status.

Returns: MigrationInfo

Since: 0.14.0

1. Before the first migration

-> { "execute": "query-migrate" }
<- { "return": {} }

2. Migration is done and has succeeded

-> { "execute": "query-migrate" }
<- { "return": {
        "status": "completed",
        "ram":{
          "transferred":123,
          "remaining":123,
          "total":246,
          "total-time":12345,
          "setup-time":12345,
          "downtime":12345,
          "duplicate":123,
          "normal":123,
          "normal-bytes":123456,
          "dirty-sync-count":15
        }
     }
   }

3. Migration is done and has failed

-> { "execute": "query-migrate" }
<- { "return": { "status": "failed" } }

4. Migration is being performed and is not a block migration:

-> { "execute": "query-migrate" }
<- {
      "return":{
         "status":"active",
         "ram":{
            "transferred":123,
            "remaining":123,
            "total":246,
            "total-time":12345,
            "setup-time":12345,
            "expected-downtime":12345,
            "duplicate":123,
            "normal":123,
            "normal-bytes":123456,
            "dirty-sync-count":15
         }
      }
   }

5. Migration is being performed and is a block migration:

-> { "execute": "query-migrate" }
<- {
      "return":{
         "status":"active",
         "ram":{
            "total":1057024,
            "remaining":1053304,
            "transferred":3720,
            "total-time":12345,
            "setup-time":12345,
            "expected-downtime":12345,
            "duplicate":123,
            "normal":123,
            "normal-bytes":123456,
            "dirty-sync-count":15
         },
         "disk":{
            "total":20971520,
            "remaining":20880384,
            "transferred":91136
         }
      }
   }

6. Migration is being performed and XBZRLE is active:

-> { "execute": "query-migrate" }
<- {
      "return":{
         "status":"active",
         "capabilities" : [ { "capability": "xbzrle", "state" : true } ],
         "ram":{
            "total":1057024,
            "remaining":1053304,
            "transferred":3720,
            "total-time":12345,
            "setup-time":12345,
            "expected-downtime":12345,
            "duplicate":10,
            "normal":3333,
            "normal-bytes":3412992,
            "dirty-sync-count":15
         },
         "xbzrle-cache":{
            "cache-size":67108864,
            "bytes":20971520,
            "pages":2444343,
            "cache-miss":2244,
            "cache-miss-rate":0.123,
            "overflow":34434
         }
      }
   }
Enum: MigrationCapability

Migration capabilities enumeration

'xbzrle'

Migration supports xbzrle (Xor Based Zero Run Length Encoding). This feature allows us to minimize migration traffic for certain work loads, by sending compressed difference of the pages

'rdma-pin-all'

Controls whether or not the entire VM memory footprint is mlock()’d on demand or all at once. Refer to docs/rdma.txt for usage. Disabled by default. (since 2.0)

'zero-blocks'

During storage migration encode blocks of zeroes efficiently. This essentially saves 1MB of zeroes per block on the wire. Enabling requires source and target VM to support this feature. To enable it is sufficient to enable the capability on the source VM. The feature is disabled by default. (since 1.6)

'compress'

Use multiple compression threads to accelerate live migration. This feature can help to reduce the migration traffic, by sending compressed pages. Please note that if compress and xbzrle are both on, compress only takes effect in the ram bulk stage, after that, it will be disabled and only xbzrle takes effect, this can help to minimize migration traffic. The feature is disabled by default. (since 2.4 )

'events'

generate events for each migration state change (since 2.4 )

'auto-converge'

If enabled, QEMU will automatically throttle down the guest to speed up convergence of RAM migration. (since 1.6)

'postcopy-ram'

Start executing on the migration target before all of RAM has been migrated, pulling the remaining pages along as needed. NOTE: If the migration fails during postcopy the VM will fail. (since 2.6)

'x-colo'

If enabled, migration will never end, and the state of the VM on the primary side will be migrated continuously to the VM on secondary side, this process is called COarse-Grain LOck Stepping (COLO) for Non-stop Service. (since 2.8)

Since: 1.2

Struct: MigrationCapabilityStatus

Migration capability information

'capability'

capability enum

'state'

capability state bool

Since: 1.2

Command: migrate-set-capabilities

Enable/Disable the following migration capabilities (like xbzrle)

'capabilities'

json array of capability modifications to make

Since: 1.2

-> { "execute": "migrate-set-capabilities" , "arguments":
     { "capabilities": [ { "capability": "xbzrle", "state": true } ] } }
Command: query-migrate-capabilities

Returns information about the current migration capabilities status

Returns: MigrationCapabilitiesStatus

Since: 1.2

-> { "execute": "query-migrate-capabilities" }
<- { "return": [
      {"state": false, "capability": "xbzrle"},
      {"state": false, "capability": "rdma-pin-all"},
      {"state": false, "capability": "auto-converge"},
      {"state": false, "capability": "zero-blocks"},
      {"state": false, "capability": "compress"},
      {"state": true, "capability": "events"},
      {"state": false, "capability": "postcopy-ram"},
      {"state": false, "capability": "x-colo"}
   ]}
Enum: MigrationParameter

Migration parameters enumeration

'compress-level'

Set the compression level to be used in live migration, the compression level is an integer between 0 and 9, where 0 means no compression, 1 means the best compression speed, and 9 means best compression ratio which will consume more CPU.

'compress-threads'

Set compression thread count to be used in live migration, the compression thread count is an integer between 1 and 255.

'decompress-threads'

Set decompression thread count to be used in live migration, the decompression thread count is an integer between 1 and 255. Usually, decompression is at least 4 times as fast as compression, so set the decompress-threads to the number about 1/4 of compress-threads is adequate.

'cpu-throttle-initial'

Initial percentage of time guest cpus are throttled when migration auto-converge is activated. The default value is 20. (Since 2.7)

'cpu-throttle-increment'

throttle percentage increase each time auto-converge detects that migration is not making progress. The default value is 10. (Since 2.7)

'tls-creds'

ID of the ’tls-creds’ object that provides credentials for establishing a TLS connection over the migration data channel. On the outgoing side of the migration, the credentials must be for a ’client’ endpoint, while for the incoming side the credentials must be for a ’server’ endpoint. Setting this will enable TLS for all migrations. The default is unset, resulting in unsecured migration at the QEMU level. (Since 2.7)

'tls-hostname'

hostname of the target host for the migration. This is required when using x509 based TLS credentials and the migration URI does not already include a hostname. For example if using fd: or exec: based migration, the hostname must be provided so that the server’s x509 certificate identity can be validated. (Since 2.7)

'max-bandwidth'

to set maximum speed for migration. maximum speed in bytes per second. (Since 2.8)

'downtime-limit'

set maximum tolerated downtime for migration. maximum downtime in milliseconds (Since 2.8)

'x-checkpoint-delay'

The delay time (in ms) between two COLO checkpoints in periodic mode. (Since 2.8)

Since: 2.4

Command: migrate-set-parameters

Set various migration parameters. See MigrationParameters for details.

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "migrate-set-parameters" ,
     "arguments": { "compress-level": 1 } }
Struct: MigrationParameters

Optional members can be omitted on input (’migrate-set-parameters’) but most members will always be present on output (’query-migrate-parameters’), with the exception of tls-creds and tls-hostname.

'compress-level' (optional)

compression level

'compress-threads' (optional)

compression thread count

'decompress-threads' (optional)

decompression thread count

'cpu-throttle-initial' (optional)

Initial percentage of time guest cpus are throttledwhen migration auto-converge is activated. The default value is 20. (Since 2.7)

'cpu-throttle-increment' (optional)

throttle percentage increase each time auto-converge detects that migration is not making progress. The default value is 10. (Since 2.7)

'tls-creds' (optional)

ID of the ’tls-creds’ object that provides credentials for establishing a TLS connection over the migration data channel. On the outgoing side of the migration, the credentials must be for a ’client’ endpoint, while for the incoming side the credentials must be for a ’server’ endpoint. Setting this will enable TLS for all migrations. The default is unset, resulting in unsecured migration at the QEMU level. (Since 2.7)

'tls-hostname' (optional)

hostname of the target host for the migration. This is required when using x509 based TLS credentials and the migration URI does not already include a hostname. For example if using fd: or exec: based migration, the hostname must be provided so that the server’s x509 certificate identity can be validated. (Since 2.7)

'max-bandwidth' (optional)

to set maximum speed for migration. maximum speed in bytes per second. (Since 2.8)

'downtime-limit' (optional)

set maximum tolerated downtime for migration. maximum downtime in milliseconds (Since 2.8)

'x-checkpoint-delay' (optional)

the delay time between two COLO checkpoints. (Since 2.8)

Since: 2.4

Command: query-migrate-parameters

Returns information about the current migration parameters

Returns: MigrationParameters

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "query-migrate-parameters" }
<- { "return": {
         "decompress-threads": 2,
         "cpu-throttle-increment": 10,
         "compress-threads": 8,
         "compress-level": 1,
         "cpu-throttle-initial": 20,
         "max-bandwidth": 33554432,
         "downtime-limit": 300
      }
   }
Command: client_migrate_info

Set migration information for remote display. This makes the server ask the client to automatically reconnect using the new parameters once migration finished successfully. Only implemented for SPICE.

'protocol'

must be "spice"

'hostname'

migration target hostname

'port' (optional)

spice tcp port for plaintext channels

'tls-port' (optional)

spice tcp port for tls-secured channels

'cert-subject' (optional)

server certificate subject

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "client_migrate_info",
     "arguments": { "protocol": "spice",
                    "hostname": "virt42.lab.kraxel.org",
                    "port": 1234 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: migrate-start-postcopy

Followup to a migration command to switch the migration to postcopy mode. The postcopy-ram capability must be set before the original migration command.

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "migrate-start-postcopy" }
<- { "return": {} }
Enum: COLOMessage

The message transmission between Primary side and Secondary side.

'checkpoint-ready'

Secondary VM (SVM) is ready for checkpointing

'checkpoint-request'

Primary VM (PVM) tells SVM to prepare for checkpointing

'checkpoint-reply'

SVM gets PVM’s checkpoint request

'vmstate-send'

VM’s state will be sent by PVM.

'vmstate-size'

The total size of VMstate.

'vmstate-received'

VM’s state has been received by SVM.

'vmstate-loaded'

VM’s state has been loaded by SVM.

Since: 2.8

Enum: COLOMode

The colo mode

'unknown'

unknown mode

'primary'

master side

'secondary'

slave side

Since: 2.8

Enum: FailoverStatus

An enumeration of COLO failover status

'none'

no failover has ever happened

'require'

got failover requirement but not handled

'active'

in the process of doing failover

'completed'

finish the process of failover

Since: 2.8

Command: x-colo-lost-heartbeat

Tell qemu that heartbeat is lost, request it to do takeover procedures. If this command is sent to the PVM, the Primary side will exit COLO mode. If sent to the Secondary, the Secondary side will run failover work, then takes over server operation to become the service VM.

Since: 2.8

-> { "execute": "x-colo-lost-heartbeat" }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: MouseInfo

Information about a mouse device.

'name'

the name of the mouse device

'index'

the index of the mouse device

'current'

true if this device is currently receiving mouse events

'absolute'

true if this device supports absolute coordinates as input

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-mice

Returns information about each active mouse device

Returns: a list of MouseInfo for each device

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-mice" }
<- { "return": [
         {
            "name":"QEMU Microsoft Mouse",
            "index":0,
            "current":false,
            "absolute":false
         },
         {
            "name":"QEMU PS/2 Mouse",
            "index":1,
            "current":true,
            "absolute":true
         }
      ]
   }
Enum: CpuInfoArch

An enumeration of cpu types that enable additional information during query-cpus.

'x86'
'sparc'
'ppc'
'mips'
'tricore'
'other'

Since: 2.6

Flat Union: CpuInfo

Information about a virtual CPU

'CPU'

the index of the virtual CPU

'current'

this only exists for backwards compatibility and should be ignored

'halted'

true if the virtual CPU is in the halt state. Halt usually refers to a processor specific low power mode.

'qom_path'

path to the CPU object in the QOM tree (since 2.4)

'thread_id'

ID of the underlying host thread

'arch'

architecture of the cpu, which determines which additional fields will be listed (since 2.6)

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: halted is a transient state that changes frequently. By the time the data is sent to the client, the guest may no longer be halted.

Struct: CpuInfoX86

Additional information about a virtual i386 or x86_64 CPU

'pc'

the 64-bit instruction pointer

Since: 2.6

Struct: CpuInfoSPARC

Additional information about a virtual SPARC CPU

'pc'

the PC component of the instruction pointer

'npc'

the NPC component of the instruction pointer

Since: 2.6

Struct: CpuInfoPPC

Additional information about a virtual PPC CPU

'nip'

the instruction pointer

Since: 2.6

Struct: CpuInfoMIPS

Additional information about a virtual MIPS CPU

'PC'

the instruction pointer

Since: 2.6

Struct: CpuInfoTricore

Additional information about a virtual Tricore CPU

'PC'

the instruction pointer

Since: 2.6

Struct: CpuInfoOther

No additional information is available about the virtual CPU

Since: 2.6

Command: query-cpus

Returns a list of information about each virtual CPU.

Returns: a list of CpuInfo for each virtual CPU

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-cpus" }
<- { "return": [
         {
            "CPU":0,
            "current":true,
            "halted":false,
            "qom_path":"/machine/unattached/device[0]",
            "arch":"x86",
            "pc":3227107138,
            "thread_id":3134
         },
         {
            "CPU":1,
            "current":false,
            "halted":true,
            "qom_path":"/machine/unattached/device[2]",
            "arch":"x86",
            "pc":7108165,
            "thread_id":3135
         }
      ]
   }
Struct: IOThreadInfo

Information about an iothread

'id'

the identifier of the iothread

'thread-id'

ID of the underlying host thread

Since: 2.0

Command: query-iothreads

Returns a list of information about each iothread.

Note: this list excludes the QEMU main loop thread, which is not declared using the -object iothread command-line option. It is always the main thread of the process.

Returns: a list of IOThreadInfo for each iothread

Since: 2.0

-> { "execute": "query-iothreads" }
<- { "return": [
         {
            "id":"iothread0",
            "thread-id":3134
         },
         {
            "id":"iothread1",
            "thread-id":3135
         }
      ]
   }
Enum: NetworkAddressFamily

The network address family

'ipv4'

IPV4 family

'ipv6'

IPV6 family

'unix'

unix socket

'vsock'

vsock family (since 2.8)

'unknown'

otherwise

Since: 2.1

Struct: VncBasicInfo

The basic information for vnc network connection

'host'

IP address

'service'

The service name of the vnc port. This may depend on the host system’s service database so symbolic names should not be relied on.

'family'

address family

'websocket'

true in case the socket is a websocket (since 2.3).

Since: 2.1

Struct: VncServerInfo

The network connection information for server

'auth' (optional)

, authentication method

Since: 2.1

Struct: VncClientInfo

Information about a connected VNC client.

'x509_dname' (optional)

If x509 authentication is in use, the Distinguished Name of the client.

'sasl_username' (optional)

If SASL authentication is in use, the SASL username used for authentication.

Since: 0.14.0

Struct: VncInfo

Information about the VNC session.

'enabled'

true if the VNC server is enabled, false otherwise

'host' (optional)

The hostname the VNC server is bound to. This depends on the name resolution on the host and may be an IP address.

'family' (optional)

’ipv6’ if the host is listening for IPv6 connections ’ipv4’ if the host is listening for IPv4 connections ’unix’ if the host is listening on a unix domain socket ’unknown’ otherwise

'service' (optional)

The service name of the server’s port. This may depends on the host system’s service database so symbolic names should not be relied on.

'auth' (optional)

the current authentication type used by the server ’none’ if no authentication is being used ’vnc’ if VNC authentication is being used ’vencrypt+plain’ if VEncrypt is used with plain text authentication ’vencrypt+tls+none’ if VEncrypt is used with TLS and no authentication ’vencrypt+tls+vnc’ if VEncrypt is used with TLS and VNC authentication ’vencrypt+tls+plain’ if VEncrypt is used with TLS and plain text auth ’vencrypt+x509+none’ if VEncrypt is used with x509 and no auth ’vencrypt+x509+vnc’ if VEncrypt is used with x509 and VNC auth ’vencrypt+x509+plain’ if VEncrypt is used with x509 and plain text auth ’vencrypt+tls+sasl’ if VEncrypt is used with TLS and SASL auth ’vencrypt+x509+sasl’ if VEncrypt is used with x509 and SASL auth

'clients' (optional)

a list of VncClientInfo of all currently connected clients

Since: 0.14.0

Enum: VncPrimaryAuth

vnc primary authentication method.

'none'
'vnc'
'ra2'
'ra2ne'
'tight'
'ultra'
'tls'
'vencrypt'
'sasl'

Since: 2.3

Enum: VncVencryptSubAuth

vnc sub authentication method with vencrypt.

'plain'
'tls-none'
'x509-none'
'tls-vnc'
'x509-vnc'
'tls-plain'
'x509-plain'
'tls-sasl'
'x509-sasl'

Since: 2.3

Struct: VncInfo2

Information about a vnc server

'id'

vnc server name.

'server'

A list of VncBasincInfo describing all listening sockets. The list can be empty (in case the vnc server is disabled). It also may have multiple entries: normal + websocket, possibly also ipv4 + ipv6 in the future.

'clients'

A list of VncClientInfo of all currently connected clients. The list can be empty, for obvious reasons.

'auth'

The current authentication type used by the server

'vencrypt' (optional)

The vencrypt sub authentication type used by the server, only specified in case auth == vencrypt.

'display' (optional)

The display device the vnc server is linked to.

Since: 2.3

Command: query-vnc

Returns information about the current VNC server

Returns: VncInfo

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-vnc" }
<- { "return": {
         "enabled":true,
         "host":"0.0.0.0",
         "service":"50402",
         "auth":"vnc",
         "family":"ipv4",
         "clients":[
            {
               "host":"127.0.0.1",
               "service":"50401",
               "family":"ipv4"
            }
         ]
      }
   }
Command: query-vnc-servers

Returns a list of vnc servers. The list can be empty.

Returns: a list of VncInfo2

Since: 2.3

Struct: SpiceBasicInfo

The basic information for SPICE network connection

'host'

IP address

'port'

port number

'family'

address family

Since: 2.1

Struct: SpiceServerInfo

Information about a SPICE server

'auth' (optional)

, authentication method

Since: 2.1

Struct: SpiceChannel

Information about a SPICE client channel.

'connection-id'

SPICE connection id number. All channels with the same id belong to the same SPICE session.

'channel-type'

SPICE channel type number. "1" is the main control channel, filter for this one if you want to track spice sessions only

'channel-id'

SPICE channel ID number. Usually "0", might be different when multiple channels of the same type exist, such as multiple display channels in a multihead setup

'tls'

true if the channel is encrypted, false otherwise.

Since: 0.14.0

Enum: SpiceQueryMouseMode

An enumeration of Spice mouse states.

'client'

Mouse cursor position is determined by the client.

'server'

Mouse cursor position is determined by the server.

'unknown'

No information is available about mouse mode used by the spice server.

Note: spice/enums.h has a SpiceMouseMode already, hence the name.

Since: 1.1

Struct: SpiceInfo

Information about the SPICE session.

'enabled'

true if the SPICE server is enabled, false otherwise

'migrated'

true if the last guest migration completed and spice migration had completed as well. false otherwise. (since 1.4)

'host' (optional)

The hostname the SPICE server is bound to. This depends on the name resolution on the host and may be an IP address.

'port' (optional)

The SPICE server’s port number.

'compiled-version' (optional)

SPICE server version.

'tls-port' (optional)

The SPICE server’s TLS port number.

'auth' (optional)

the current authentication type used by the server ’none’ if no authentication is being used ’spice’ uses SASL or direct TLS authentication, depending on command line options

'mouse-mode'

The mode in which the mouse cursor is displayed currently. Can be determined by the client or the server, or unknown if spice server doesn’t provide this information. (since: 1.1)

'channels' (optional)

a list of SpiceChannel for each active spice channel

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-spice

Returns information about the current SPICE server

Returns: SpiceInfo

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-spice" }
<- { "return": {
         "enabled": true,
         "auth": "spice",
         "port": 5920,
         "tls-port": 5921,
         "host": "0.0.0.0",
         "channels": [
            {
               "port": "54924",
               "family": "ipv4",
               "channel-type": 1,
               "connection-id": 1804289383,
               "host": "127.0.0.1",
               "channel-id": 0,
               "tls": true
            },
            {
               "port": "36710",
               "family": "ipv4",
               "channel-type": 4,
               "connection-id": 1804289383,
               "host": "127.0.0.1",
               "channel-id": 0,
               "tls": false
            },
            [ ... more channels follow ... ]
         ]
      }
   }
Struct: BalloonInfo

Information about the guest balloon device.

'actual'

the number of bytes the balloon currently contains

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-balloon

Return information about the balloon device.

Returns: BalloonInfo on success

If the balloon driver is enabled but not functional because the KVM kernel module cannot support it, KvmMissingCap

If no balloon device is present, DeviceNotActive

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-balloon" }
<- { "return": {
         "actual": 1073741824,
      }
   }
Struct: PciMemoryRange

A PCI device memory region

'base'

the starting address (guest physical)

'limit'

the ending address (guest physical)

Since: 0.14.0

Struct: PciMemoryRegion

Information about a PCI device I/O region.

'bar'

the index of the Base Address Register for this region

'type'

’io’ if the region is a PIO region ’memory’ if the region is a MMIO region

'size'

memory size

'prefetch' (optional)

if type is ’memory’, true if the memory is prefetchable

'mem_type_64' (optional)

if type is ’memory’, true if the BAR is 64-bit

Since: 0.14.0

Struct: PciBusInfo

Information about a bus of a PCI Bridge device

'number'

primary bus interface number. This should be the number of the bus the device resides on.

'secondary'

secondary bus interface number. This is the number of the main bus for the bridge

'subordinate'

This is the highest number bus that resides below the bridge.

'io_range'

The PIO range for all devices on this bridge

'memory_range'

The MMIO range for all devices on this bridge

'prefetchable_range'

The range of prefetchable MMIO for all devices on this bridge

Since: 2.4

Struct: PciBridgeInfo

Information about a PCI Bridge device

'bus'

information about the bus the device resides on

'devices' (optional)

a list of PciDeviceInfo for each device on this bridge

Since: 0.14.0

Struct: PciDeviceClass

Information about the Class of a PCI device

'desc' (optional)

a string description of the device’s class

'class'

the class code of the device

Since: 2.4

Struct: PciDeviceId

Information about the Id of a PCI device

'device'

the PCI device id

'vendor'

the PCI vendor id

Since: 2.4

Struct: PciDeviceInfo

Information about a PCI device

'bus'

the bus number of the device

'slot'

the slot the device is located in

'function'

the function of the slot used by the device

'class_info'

the class of the device

'id'

the PCI device id

'irq' (optional)

if an IRQ is assigned to the device, the IRQ number

'qdev_id'

the device name of the PCI device

'pci_bridge' (optional)

if the device is a PCI bridge, the bridge information

'regions'

a list of the PCI I/O regions associated with the device

Notes: the contents of class_info.desc are not stable and should only be treated as informational.

Since: 0.14.0

Struct: PciInfo

Information about a PCI bus

'bus'

the bus index

'devices'

a list of devices on this bus

Since: 0.14.0

Command: query-pci

Return information about the PCI bus topology of the guest.

Returns: a list of PciInfo for each PCI bus. Each bus is represented by a json-object, which has a key with a json-array of all PCI devices attached to it. Each device is represented by a json-object.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "query-pci" }
<- { "return": [
         {
            "bus": 0,
            "devices": [
               {
                  "bus": 0,
                  "qdev_id": "",
                  "slot": 0,
                  "class_info": {
                     "class": 1536,
                     "desc": "Host bridge"
                  },
                  "id": {
                     "device": 32902,
                     "vendor": 4663
                  },
                  "function": 0,
                  "regions": [
                  ]
               },
               {
                  "bus": 0,
                  "qdev_id": "",
                  "slot": 1,
                  "class_info": {
                     "class": 1537,
                     "desc": "ISA bridge"
                  },
                  "id": {
                     "device": 32902,
                     "vendor": 28672
                  },
                  "function": 0,
                  "regions": [
                  ]
               },
               {
                  "bus": 0,
                  "qdev_id": "",
                  "slot": 1,
                  "class_info": {
                     "class": 257,
                     "desc": "IDE controller"
                  },
                  "id": {
                     "device": 32902,
                     "vendor": 28688
                  },
                  "function": 1,
                  "regions": [
                     {
                        "bar": 4,
                        "size": 16,
                        "address": 49152,
                        "type": "io"
                     }
                  ]
               },
               {
                  "bus": 0,
                  "qdev_id": "",
                  "slot": 2,
                  "class_info": {
                     "class": 768,
                     "desc": "VGA controller"
                  },
                  "id": {
                     "device": 4115,
                     "vendor": 184
                  },
                  "function": 0,
                  "regions": [
                     {
                        "prefetch": true,
                        "mem_type_64": false,
                        "bar": 0,
                        "size": 33554432,
                        "address": 4026531840,
                        "type": "memory"
                     },
                     {
                        "prefetch": false,
                        "mem_type_64": false,
                        "bar": 1,
                        "size": 4096,
                        "address": 4060086272,
                        "type": "memory"
                     },
                     {
                        "prefetch": false,
                        "mem_type_64": false,
                        "bar": 6,
                        "size": 65536,
                        "address": -1,
                        "type": "memory"
                     }
                  ]
               },
               {
                  "bus": 0,
                  "qdev_id": "",
                  "irq": 11,
                  "slot": 4,
                  "class_info": {
                     "class": 1280,
                     "desc": "RAM controller"
                  },
                  "id": {
                     "device": 6900,
                     "vendor": 4098
                  },
                  "function": 0,
                  "regions": [
                     {
                        "bar": 0,
                        "size": 32,
                        "address": 49280,
                        "type": "io"
                     }
                  ]
               }
            ]
         }
      ]
   }

Note: This example has been shortened as the real response is too long.

Command: quit

This command will cause the QEMU process to exit gracefully. While every attempt is made to send the QMP response before terminating, this is not guaranteed. When using this interface, a premature EOF would not be unexpected.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "quit" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: stop

Stop all guest VCPU execution.

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: This function will succeed even if the guest is already in the stopped state. In "inmigrate" state, it will ensure that the guest remains paused once migration finishes, as if the -S option was passed on the command line.

-> { "execute": "stop" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: system_reset

Performs a hard reset of a guest.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "system_reset" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: system_powerdown

Requests that a guest perform a powerdown operation.

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: A guest may or may not respond to this command. This command returning does not indicate that a guest has accepted the request or that it has shut down. Many guests will respond to this command by prompting the user in some way.

-> { "execute": "system_powerdown" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: cpu

This command is a nop that is only provided for the purposes of compatibility.

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: Do not use this command.

Command: cpu-add

Adds CPU with specified ID

'id'

ID of CPU to be created, valid values [0..max_cpus)

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 1.5

-> { "execute": "cpu-add", "arguments": { "id": 2 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: memsave

Save a portion of guest memory to a file.

'val'

the virtual address of the guest to start from

'size'

the size of memory region to save

'filename'

the file to save the memory to as binary data

'cpu-index' (optional)

the index of the virtual CPU to use for translating the virtual address (defaults to CPU 0)

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: Errors were not reliably returned until 1.1

-> { "execute": "memsave",
     "arguments": { "val": 10,
                    "size": 100,
                    "filename": "/tmp/virtual-mem-dump" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: pmemsave

Save a portion of guest physical memory to a file.

'val'

the physical address of the guest to start from

'size'

the size of memory region to save

'filename'

the file to save the memory to as binary data

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: Errors were not reliably returned until 1.1

-> { "execute": "pmemsave",
     "arguments": { "val": 10,
                    "size": 100,
                    "filename": "/tmp/physical-mem-dump" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: cont

Resume guest VCPU execution.

Since: 0.14.0

Returns: If successful, nothing If QEMU was started with an encrypted block device and a key has not yet been set, DeviceEncrypted.

Notes: This command will succeed if the guest is currently running. It will also succeed if the guest is in the "inmigrate" state; in this case, the effect of the command is to make sure the guest starts once migration finishes, removing the effect of the -S command line option if it was passed.

-> { "execute": "cont" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: system_wakeup

Wakeup guest from suspend. Does nothing in case the guest isn’t suspended.

Since: 1.1

Returns: nothing.

-> { "execute": "system_wakeup" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: inject-nmi

Injects a Non-Maskable Interrupt into the default CPU (x86/s390) or all CPUs (ppc64). The command fails when the guest doesn’t support injecting.

Returns: If successful, nothing

Since: 0.14.0

Note: prior to 2.1, this command was only supported for x86 and s390 VMs

-> { "execute": "inject-nmi" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: set_link

Sets the link status of a virtual network adapter.

'name'

the device name of the virtual network adapter

'up'

true to set the link status to be up

Returns: Nothing on success If name is not a valid network device, DeviceNotFound

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: Not all network adapters support setting link status. This command will succeed even if the network adapter does not support link status notification.

-> { "execute": "set_link",
     "arguments": { "name": "e1000.0", "up": false } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: balloon

Request the balloon driver to change its balloon size.

'value'

the target size of the balloon in bytes

Returns: Nothing on success If the balloon driver is enabled but not functional because the KVM kernel module cannot support it, KvmMissingCap If no balloon device is present, DeviceNotActive

Notes: This command just issues a request to the guest. When it returns, the balloon size may not have changed. A guest can change the balloon size independent of this command.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "balloon", "arguments": { "value": 536870912 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: Abort

This action can be used to test transaction failure.

Since: 1.6

Enum: ActionCompletionMode

An enumeration of Transactional completion modes.

'individual'

Do not attempt to cancel any other Actions if any Actions fail after the Transaction request succeeds. All Actions that can complete successfully will do so without waiting on others. This is the default.

'grouped'

If any Action fails after the Transaction succeeds, cancel all Actions. Actions do not complete until all Actions are ready to complete. May be rejected by Actions that do not support this completion mode.

Since: 2.5

Simple Union: TransactionAction

A discriminated record of operations that can be performed with transaction. Action type can be:

Since: 1.1

Struct: TransactionProperties

Optional arguments to modify the behavior of a Transaction.

'completion-mode' (optional)

Controls how jobs launched asynchronously by Actions will complete or fail as a group. See ActionCompletionMode for details.

Since: 2.5

Command: transaction

Executes a number of transactionable QMP commands atomically. If any operation fails, then the entire set of actions will be abandoned and the appropriate error returned.

For external snapshots, the dictionary contains the device, the file to use for the new snapshot, and the format. The default format, if not specified, is qcow2.

Each new snapshot defaults to being created by QEMU (wiping any contents if the file already exists), but it is also possible to reuse an externally-created file. In the latter case, you should ensure that the new image file has the same contents as the current one; QEMU cannot perform any meaningful check. Typically this is achieved by using the current image file as the backing file for the new image.

On failure, the original disks pre-snapshot attempt will be used.

For internal snapshots, the dictionary contains the device and the snapshot’s name. If an internal snapshot matching name already exists, the request will be rejected. Only some image formats support it, for example, qcow2, rbd, and sheepdog.

On failure, qemu will try delete the newly created internal snapshot in the transaction. When an I/O error occurs during deletion, the user needs to fix it later with qemu-img or other command.

'actions'

List of TransactionAction; information needed for the respective operations.

'properties' (optional)

structure of additional options to control the execution of the transaction. See TransactionProperties for additional detail.

Returns: nothing on success

Errors depend on the operations of the transaction

Note: The transaction aborts on the first failure. Therefore, there will be information on only one failed operation returned in an error condition, and subsequent actions will not have been attempted.

Since: 1.1

-> { "execute": "transaction",
     "arguments": { "actions": [
         { "type": "blockdev-snapshot-sync", "data" : { "device": "ide-hd0",
                                     "snapshot-file": "/some/place/my-image",
                                     "format": "qcow2" } },
         { "type": "blockdev-snapshot-sync", "data" : { "node-name": "myfile",
                                     "snapshot-file": "/some/place/my-image2",
                                     "snapshot-node-name": "node3432",
                                     "mode": "existing",
                                     "format": "qcow2" } },
         { "type": "blockdev-snapshot-sync", "data" : { "device": "ide-hd1",
                                     "snapshot-file": "/some/place/my-image2",
                                     "mode": "existing",
                                     "format": "qcow2" } },
         { "type": "blockdev-snapshot-internal-sync", "data" : {
                                     "device": "ide-hd2",
                                     "name": "snapshot0" } } ] } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: human-monitor-command

Execute a command on the human monitor and return the output.

'command-line'

the command to execute in the human monitor

'cpu-index' (optional)

The CPU to use for commands that require an implicit CPU

Returns: the output of the command as a string

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: This command only exists as a stop-gap. Its use is highly discouraged. The semantics of this command are not guaranteed: this means that command names, arguments and responses can change or be removed at ANY time. Applications that rely on long term stability guarantees should NOT use this command.

Known limitations:

  • This command is stateless, this means that commands that depend on state information (such as getfd) might not work
  • Commands that prompt the user for data (eg. ’cont’ when the block device is encrypted) don’t currently work
-> { "execute": "human-monitor-command",
     "arguments": { "command-line": "info kvm" } }
<- { "return": "kvm support: enabled\r\n" }
Command: migrate_cancel

Cancel the current executing migration process.

Returns: nothing on success

Notes: This command succeeds even if there is no migration process running.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "migrate_cancel" }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: migrate_set_downtime

Set maximum tolerated downtime for migration.

'value'

maximum downtime in seconds

Returns: nothing on success

Notes: This command is deprecated in favor of ’migrate-set-parameters’

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "migrate_set_downtime", "arguments": { "value": 0.1 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: migrate_set_speed

Set maximum speed for migration.

'value'

maximum speed in bytes per second.

Returns: nothing on success

Notes: This command is deprecated in favor of ’migrate-set-parameters’

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "migrate_set_speed", "arguments": { "value": 1024 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: migrate-set-cache-size

Set cache size to be used by XBZRLE migration

'value'

cache size in bytes

The size will be rounded down to the nearest power of 2. The cache size can be modified before and during ongoing migration

Returns: nothing on success

Since: 1.2

-> { "execute": "migrate-set-cache-size",
     "arguments": { "value": 536870912 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: query-migrate-cache-size

Query migration XBZRLE cache size

Returns: XBZRLE cache size in bytes

Since: 1.2

-> { "execute": "query-migrate-cache-size" }
<- { "return": 67108864 }
Struct: ObjectPropertyInfo
'name'

the name of the property

'type'

the type of the property. This will typically come in one of four forms:

1) A primitive type such as ’u8’, ’u16’, ’bool’, ’str’, or ’double’. These types are mapped to the appropriate JSON type.

2) A child type in the form ’child<subtype>’ where subtype is a qdev device type name. Child properties create the composition tree.

3) A link type in the form ’link<subtype>’ where subtype is a qdev device type name. Link properties form the device model graph.

Since: 1.2

Command: qom-list

This command will list any properties of a object given a path in the object model.

'path'

the path within the object model. See qom-get for a description of this parameter.

Returns: a list of ObjectPropertyInfo that describe the properties of the object.

Since: 1.2

Command: qom-get

This command will get a property from a object model path and return the value.

'path'

The path within the object model. There are two forms of supported paths–absolute and partial paths.

Absolute paths are derived from the root object and can follow child<> or link<> properties. Since they can follow link<> properties, they can be arbitrarily long. Absolute paths look like absolute filenames and are prefixed with a leading slash.

Partial paths look like relative filenames. They do not begin with a prefix. The matching rules for partial paths are subtle but designed to make specifying objects easy. At each level of the composition tree, the partial path is matched as an absolute path. The first match is not returned. At least two matches are searched for. A successful result is only returned if only one match is found. If more than one match is found, a flag is return to indicate that the match was ambiguous.

'property'

The property name to read

Returns: The property value. The type depends on the property type. child<> and link<> properties are returned as #str pathnames. All integer property types (u8, u16, etc) are returned as #int.

Since: 1.2

Command: qom-set

This command will set a property from a object model path.

'path'

see qom-get for a description of this parameter

'property'

the property name to set

'value'

a value who’s type is appropriate for the property type. See qom-get for a description of type mapping.

Since: 1.2

Command: set_password

Sets the password of a remote display session.

'protocol'

‘vnc’ to modify the VNC server password ‘spice’ to modify the Spice server password

'password'

the new password

'connected' (optional)

how to handle existing clients when changing the password. If nothing is specified, defaults to ‘keep’ ‘fail’ to fail the command if clients are connected ‘disconnect’ to disconnect existing clients ‘keep’ to maintain existing clients

Returns: Nothing on success If Spice is not enabled, DeviceNotFound

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "set_password", "arguments": { "protocol": "vnc",
                                               "password": "secret" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: expire_password

Expire the password of a remote display server.

'protocol'

the name of the remote display protocol ‘vnc’ or ‘spice’

'time'

when to expire the password. ‘now’ to expire the password immediately ‘never’ to cancel password expiration ‘+INT’ where INT is the number of seconds from now (integer) ‘INT’ where INT is the absolute time in seconds

Returns: Nothing on success If protocol is ‘spice’ and Spice is not active, DeviceNotFound

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: Time is relative to the server and currently there is no way to coordinate server time with client time. It is not recommended to use the absolute time version of the time parameter unless you’re sure you are on the same machine as the QEMU instance.

-> { "execute": "expire_password", "arguments": { "protocol": "vnc",
                                                  "time": "+60" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: change-vnc-password

Change the VNC server password.

'password'

the new password to use with VNC authentication

Since: 1.1

Notes: An empty password in this command will set the password to the empty string. Existing clients are unaffected by executing this command.

Command: change

This command is multiple commands multiplexed together.

'device'

This is normally the name of a block device but it may also be ’vnc’. when it’s ’vnc’, then sub command depends on target

'target'

If device is a block device, then this is the new filename. If device is ’vnc’, then if the value ’password’ selects the vnc change password command. Otherwise, this specifies a new server URI address to listen to for VNC connections.

'arg' (optional)

If device is a block device, then this is an optional format to open the device with. If device is ’vnc’ and target is ’password’, this is the new VNC password to set. If this argument is an empty string, then no future logins will be allowed.

Returns: Nothing on success. If device is not a valid block device, DeviceNotFound If the new block device is encrypted, DeviceEncrypted. Note that if this error is returned, the device has been opened successfully and an additional call to block_passwd is required to set the device’s password. The behavior of reads and writes to the block device between when these calls are executed is undefined.

Notes: This interface is deprecated, and it is strongly recommended that you avoid using it. For changing block devices, use blockdev-change-medium; for changing VNC parameters, use change-vnc-password.

Since: 0.14.0

1. Change a removable medium

-> { "execute": "change",
     "arguments": { "device": "ide1-cd0",
                    "target": "/srv/images/Fedora-12-x86_64-DVD.iso" } }
<- { "return": {} }

2. Change VNC password

-> { "execute": "change",
     "arguments": { "device": "vnc", "target": "password",
                    "arg": "foobar1" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: ObjectTypeInfo

This structure describes a search result from qom-list-types

'name'

the type name found in the search

Since: 1.1

Notes: This command is experimental and may change syntax in future releases.

Command: qom-list-types

This command will return a list of types given search parameters

'implements' (optional)

if specified, only return types that implement this type name

'abstract' (optional)

if true, include abstract types in the results

Returns: a list of ObjectTypeInfo or an empty list if no results are found

Since: 1.1

Struct: DevicePropertyInfo

Information about device properties.

'name'

the name of the property

'type'

the typename of the property

'description' (optional)

if specified, the description of the property. (since 2.2)

Since: 1.2

Command: device-list-properties

List properties associated with a device.

'typename'

the type name of a device

Returns: a list of DevicePropertyInfo describing a devices properties

Since: 1.2

Command: migrate

Migrates the current running guest to another Virtual Machine.

'uri'

the Uniform Resource Identifier of the destination VM

'blk' (optional)

do block migration (full disk copy)

'inc' (optional)

incremental disk copy migration

'detach' (optional)

this argument exists only for compatibility reasons and is ignored by QEMU

Returns: nothing on success

Since: 0.14.0

  1. The ’query-migrate’ command should be used to check migration’s progress and final result (this information is provided by the ’status’ member)
  2. All boolean arguments default to false
  3. The user Monitor’s "detach" argument is invalid in QMP and should not be used
-> { "execute": "migrate", "arguments": { "uri": "tcp:0:4446" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: migrate-incoming

Start an incoming migration, the qemu must have been started with -incoming defer

'uri'

The Uniform Resource Identifier identifying the source or address to listen on

Returns: nothing on success

Since: 2.3

  1. It’s a bad idea to use a string for the uri, but it needs to stay compatible with -incoming and the format of the uri is already exposed above libvirt.
  2. QEMU must be started with -incoming defer to allow migrate-incoming to be used.
  3. The uri format is the same as for -incoming
-> { "execute": "migrate-incoming",
     "arguments": { "uri": "tcp::4446" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: xen-save-devices-state

Save the state of all devices to file. The RAM and the block devices of the VM are not saved by this command.

'filename'

the file to save the state of the devices to as binary data. See xen-save-devices-state.txt for a description of the binary format.

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 1.1

-> { "execute": "xen-save-devices-state",
     "arguments": { "filename": "/tmp/save" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: xen-set-global-dirty-log

Enable or disable the global dirty log mode.

'enable'

true to enable, false to disable.

Returns: nothing

Since: 1.3

-> { "execute": "xen-set-global-dirty-log",
     "arguments": { "enable": true } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: device_add
'driver'

the name of the new device’s driver

'bus' (optional)

the device’s parent bus (device tree path)

'id' (optional)

the device’s ID, must be unique

Additional arguments depend on the type.

Add a device.

  1. For detailed information about this command, please refer to the ’docs/qdev-device-use.txt’ file.
  2. It’s possible to list device properties by running QEMU with the "-device DEVICE,help" command-line argument, where DEVICE is the device’s name
-> { "execute": "device_add",
     "arguments": { "driver": "e1000", "id": "net1",
                    "bus": "pci.0",
                    "mac": "52:54:00:12:34:56" } }
<- { "return": {} }

TODO: This command effectively bypasses QAPI completely due to its "additional arguments" business. It shouldn’t have been added to the schema in this form. It should be qapified properly, or replaced by a properly qapified command.

Since: 0.13

Command: device_del

Remove a device from a guest

'id'

the device’s ID or QOM path

Returns: Nothing on success If id is not a valid device, DeviceNotFound

Notes: When this command completes, the device may not be removed from the guest. Hot removal is an operation that requires guest cooperation. This command merely requests that the guest begin the hot removal process. Completion of the device removal process is signaled with a DEVICE_DELETED event. Guest reset will automatically complete removal for all devices.

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "device_del",
     "arguments": { "id": "net1" } }
<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute": "device_del",
     "arguments": { "id": "/machine/peripheral-anon/device[0]" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Enum: DumpGuestMemoryFormat

An enumeration of guest-memory-dump’s format.

'elf'

elf format

'kdump-zlib'

kdump-compressed format with zlib-compressed

'kdump-lzo'

kdump-compressed format with lzo-compressed

'kdump-snappy'

kdump-compressed format with snappy-compressed

Since: 2.0

Command: dump-guest-memory

Dump guest’s memory to vmcore. It is a synchronous operation that can take very long depending on the amount of guest memory.

'paging'

if true, do paging to get guest’s memory mapping. This allows using gdb to process the core file.

IMPORTANT: this option can make QEMU allocate several gigabytes of RAM. This can happen for a large guest, or a malicious guest pretending to be large.

Also, paging=true has the following limitations:

  1. The guest may be in a catastrophic state or can have corrupted memory, which cannot be trusted
  2. The guest can be in real-mode even if paging is enabled. For example, the guest uses ACPI to sleep, and ACPI sleep state goes in real-mode
  3. Currently only supported on i386 and x86_64.
'protocol'

the filename or file descriptor of the vmcore. The supported protocols are:

  1. file: the protocol starts with "file:", and the following string is the file’s path.
  2. fd: the protocol starts with "fd:", and the following string is the fd’s name.
'detach' (optional)

if true, QMP will return immediately rather than waiting for the dump to finish. The user can track progress using "query-dump". (since 2.6).

'begin' (optional)

if specified, the starting physical address.

'length' (optional)

if specified, the memory size, in bytes. If you don’t want to dump all guest’s memory, please specify the start begin and length

'format' (optional)

if specified, the format of guest memory dump. But non-elf format is conflict with paging and filter, ie. paging, begin and length is not allowed to be specified with non-elf format at the same time (since 2.0)

Note: All boolean arguments default to false

Returns: nothing on success

Since: 1.2

-> { "execute": "dump-guest-memory",
     "arguments": { "protocol": "fd:dump" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Enum: DumpStatus

Describe the status of a long-running background guest memory dump.

'none'

no dump-guest-memory has started yet.

'active'

there is one dump running in background.

'completed'

the last dump has finished successfully.

'failed'

the last dump has failed.

Since: 2.6

Struct: DumpQueryResult

The result format for ’query-dump’.

'status'

enum of DumpStatus, which shows current dump status

'completed'

bytes written in latest dump (uncompressed)

'total'

total bytes to be written in latest dump (uncompressed)

Since: 2.6

Command: query-dump

Query latest dump status.

Returns: A DumpStatus object showing the dump status.

Since: 2.6

-> { "execute": "query-dump" }
<- { "return": { "status": "active", "completed": 1024000,
                 "total": 2048000 } }
Struct: DumpGuestMemoryCapability

A list of the available formats for dump-guest-memory

Since: 2.0

Command: query-dump-guest-memory-capability

Returns the available formats for dump-guest-memory

Returns: A DumpGuestMemoryCapability object listing available formats for dump-guest-memory

Since: 2.0

-> { "execute": "query-dump-guest-memory-capability" }
<- { "return": { "formats":
                 ["elf", "kdump-zlib", "kdump-lzo", "kdump-snappy"] }
Command: dump-skeys

Dump guest’s storage keys

'filename'

the path to the file to dump to

This command is only supported on s390 architecture.

Since: 2.5

-> { "execute": "dump-skeys",
     "arguments": { "filename": "/tmp/skeys" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: netdev_add

Add a network backend.

'type'

the type of network backend. Current valid values are ’user’, ’tap’, ’vde’, ’socket’, ’dump’ and ’bridge’

'id'

the name of the new network backend

Additional arguments depend on the type.

TODO: This command effectively bypasses QAPI completely due to its "additional arguments" business. It shouldn’t have been added to the schema in this form. It should be qapified properly, or replaced by a properly qapified command.

Since: 0.14.0

Returns: Nothing on success If type is not a valid network backend, DeviceNotFound

-> { "execute": "netdev_add",
     "arguments": { "type": "user", "id": "netdev1",
                    "dnssearch": "example.org" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: netdev_del

Remove a network backend.

'id'

the name of the network backend to remove

Returns: Nothing on success If id is not a valid network backend, DeviceNotFound

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "netdev_del", "arguments": { "id": "netdev1" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: object-add

Create a QOM object.

'qom-type'

the class name for the object to be created

'id'

the name of the new object

'props' (optional)

a dictionary of properties to be passed to the backend

Returns: Nothing on success Error if qom-type is not a valid class name

Since: 2.0

-> { "execute": "object-add",
     "arguments": { "qom-type": "rng-random", "id": "rng1",
                    "props": { "filename": "/dev/hwrng" } } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: object-del

Remove a QOM object.

'id'

the name of the QOM object to remove

Returns: Nothing on success Error if id is not a valid id for a QOM object

Since: 2.0

-> { "execute": "object-del", "arguments": { "id": "rng1" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: NetdevNoneOptions

Use it alone to have zero network devices.

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetLegacyNicOptions

Create a new Network Interface Card.

'netdev' (optional)

id of -netdev to connect to

'macaddr' (optional)

MAC address

'model' (optional)

device model (e1000, rtl8139, virtio etc.)

'addr' (optional)

PCI device address

'vectors' (optional)

number of MSI-x vectors, 0 to disable MSI-X

Since: 1.2

Struct: String

A fat type wrapping ’str’, to be embedded in lists.

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevUserOptions

Use the user mode network stack which requires no administrator privilege to run.

'hostname' (optional)

client hostname reported by the builtin DHCP server

'restrict' (optional)

isolate the guest from the host

'ipv4' (optional)

whether to support IPv4, default true for enabled (since 2.6)

'ipv6' (optional)

whether to support IPv6, default true for enabled (since 2.6)

'ip' (optional)

legacy parameter, use net= instead

'net' (optional)

IP network address that the guest will see, in the form addr[/netmask] The netmask is optional, and can be either in the form a.b.c.d or as a number of valid top-most bits. Default is 10.0.2.0/24.

'host' (optional)

guest-visible address of the host

'tftp' (optional)

root directory of the built-in TFTP server

'bootfile' (optional)

BOOTP filename, for use with tftp=

'dhcpstart' (optional)

the first of the 16 IPs the built-in DHCP server can assign

'dns' (optional)

guest-visible address of the virtual nameserver

'dnssearch' (optional)

list of DNS suffixes to search, passed as DHCP option to the guest

'ipv6-prefix' (optional)

IPv6 network prefix (default is fec0::) (since 2.6). The network prefix is given in the usual hexadecimal IPv6 address notation.

'ipv6-prefixlen' (optional)

IPv6 network prefix length (default is 64) (since 2.6)

'ipv6-host' (optional)

guest-visible IPv6 address of the host (since 2.6)

'ipv6-dns' (optional)

guest-visible IPv6 address of the virtual nameserver (since 2.6)

'smb' (optional)

root directory of the built-in SMB server

'smbserver' (optional)

IP address of the built-in SMB server

'hostfwd' (optional)

redirect incoming TCP or UDP host connections to guest endpoints

'guestfwd' (optional)

forward guest TCP connections

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevTapOptions

Connect the host TAP network interface name to the VLAN.

'ifname' (optional)

interface name

'fd' (optional)

file descriptor of an already opened tap

'fds' (optional)

multiple file descriptors of already opened multiqueue capable tap

'script' (optional)

script to initialize the interface

'downscript' (optional)

script to shut down the interface

'br' (optional)

bridge name (since 2.8)

'helper' (optional)

command to execute to configure bridge

'sndbuf' (optional)

send buffer limit. Understands [TGMKkb] suffixes.

'vnet_hdr' (optional)

enable the IFF_VNET_HDR flag on the tap interface

'vhost' (optional)

enable vhost-net network accelerator

'vhostfd' (optional)

file descriptor of an already opened vhost net device

'vhostfds' (optional)

file descriptors of multiple already opened vhost net devices

'vhostforce' (optional)

vhost on for non-MSIX virtio guests

'queues' (optional)

number of queues to be created for multiqueue capable tap

'poll-us' (optional)

maximum number of microseconds that could be spent on busy polling for tap (since 2.7)

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevSocketOptions

Connect the VLAN to a remote VLAN in another QEMU virtual machine using a TCP socket connection.

'fd' (optional)

file descriptor of an already opened socket

'listen' (optional)

port number, and optional hostname, to listen on

'connect' (optional)

port number, and optional hostname, to connect to

'mcast' (optional)

UDP multicast address and port number

'localaddr' (optional)

source address and port for multicast and udp packets

'udp' (optional)

UDP unicast address and port number

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevL2TPv3Options

Connect the VLAN to Ethernet over L2TPv3 Static tunnel

'src'

source address

'dst'

destination address

'srcport' (optional)

source port - mandatory for udp, optional for ip

'dstport' (optional)

destination port - mandatory for udp, optional for ip

'ipv6' (optional)

- force the use of ipv6

'udp' (optional)

- use the udp version of l2tpv3 encapsulation

'cookie64' (optional)

- use 64 bit coookies

'counter' (optional)

have sequence counter

'pincounter' (optional)

pin sequence counter to zero - workaround for buggy implementations or networks with packet reorder

'txcookie' (optional)

32 or 64 bit transmit cookie

'rxcookie' (optional)

32 or 64 bit receive cookie

'txsession'

32 bit transmit session

'rxsession' (optional)

32 bit receive session - if not specified set to the same value as transmit

'offset' (optional)

additional offset - allows the insertion of additional application-specific data before the packet payload

Since: 2.1

Struct: NetdevVdeOptions

Connect the VLAN to a vde switch running on the host.

'sock' (optional)

socket path

'port' (optional)

port number

'group' (optional)

group owner of socket

'mode' (optional)

permissions for socket

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevDumpOptions

Dump VLAN network traffic to a file.

'len' (optional)

per-packet size limit (64k default). Understands [TGMKkb] suffixes.

'file' (optional)

dump file path (default is qemu-vlan0.pcap)

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevBridgeOptions

Connect a host TAP network interface to a host bridge device.

'br' (optional)

bridge name

'helper' (optional)

command to execute to configure bridge

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevHubPortOptions

Connect two or more net clients through a software hub.

'hubid'

hub identifier number

Since: 1.2

Struct: NetdevNetmapOptions

Connect a client to a netmap-enabled NIC or to a VALE switch port

'ifname'

Either the name of an existing network interface supported by netmap, or the name of a VALE port (created on the fly). A VALE port name is in the form ’valeXXX:YYY’, where XXX and YYY are non-negative integers. XXX identifies a switch and YYY identifies a port of the switch. VALE ports having the same XXX are therefore connected to the same switch.

'devname' (optional)

path of the netmap device (default: ’/dev/netmap’).

Since: 2.0

Struct: NetdevVhostUserOptions

Vhost-user network backend

'chardev'

name of a unix socket chardev

'vhostforce' (optional)

vhost on for non-MSIX virtio guests (default: false).

'queues' (optional)

number of queues to be created for multiqueue vhost-user (default: 1) (Since 2.5)

Since: 2.1

Enum: NetClientDriver

Available netdev drivers.

'none'
'nic'
'user'
'tap'
'l2tpv3'
'socket'
'vde'
'dump'
'bridge'
'hubport'
'netmap'
'vhost-user'

Since: 2.7

Flat Union: Netdev

Captures the configuration of a network device.

'id'

identifier for monitor commands.

'type'

Specify the driver used for interpreting remaining arguments.

Since: 1.2

’l2tpv3’ - since 2.1

Struct: NetLegacy

Captures the configuration of a network device; legacy.

'vlan' (optional)

vlan number

'id' (optional)

identifier for monitor commands

'name' (optional)

identifier for monitor commands, ignored if id is present

'opts'

device type specific properties (legacy)

Since: 1.2

Simple Union: NetLegacyOptions

Like Netdev, but for use only by the legacy command line options

Since: 1.2

Enum: NetFilterDirection

Indicates whether a netfilter is attached to a netdev’s transmit queue or receive queue or both.

'all'

the filter is attached both to the receive and the transmit queue of the netdev (default).

'rx'

the filter is attached to the receive queue of the netdev, where it will receive packets sent to the netdev.

'tx'

the filter is attached to the transmit queue of the netdev, where it will receive packets sent by the netdev.

Since: 2.5

Struct: InetSocketAddress

Captures a socket address or address range in the Internet namespace.

'host'

host part of the address

'port'

port part of the address, or lowest port if to is present

'to' (optional)

highest port to try

'ipv4' (optional)

whether to accept IPv4 addresses, default try both IPv4 and IPv6

'ipv6' (optional)

whether to accept IPv6 addresses, default try both IPv4 and IPv6

Since: 1.3

Struct: UnixSocketAddress

Captures a socket address in the local ("Unix socket") namespace.

'path'

filesystem path to use

Since: 1.3

Struct: VsockSocketAddress

Captures a socket address in the vsock namespace.

'cid'

unique host identifier

'port'

port

Note: string types are used to allow for possible future hostname or service resolution support.

Since: 2.8

Simple Union: SocketAddress

Captures the address of a socket, which could also be a named file descriptor

Since: 1.3

Command: getfd

Receive a file descriptor via SCM rights and assign it a name

'fdname'

file descriptor name

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 0.14.0

Notes: If fdname already exists, the file descriptor assigned to it will be closed and replaced by the received file descriptor.

The ’closefd’ command can be used to explicitly close the file descriptor when it is no longer needed.

-> { "execute": "getfd", "arguments": { "fdname": "fd1" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: closefd

Close a file descriptor previously passed via SCM rights

'fdname'

file descriptor name

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "closefd", "arguments": { "fdname": "fd1" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: MachineInfo

Information describing a machine.

'name'

the name of the machine

'alias' (optional)

an alias for the machine name

'is-default' (optional)

whether the machine is default

'cpu-max'

maximum number of CPUs supported by the machine type (since 1.5.0)

'hotpluggable-cpus'

cpu hotplug via -device is supported (since 2.7.0)

Since: 1.2.0

Command: query-machines

Return a list of supported machines

Returns: a list of MachineInfo

Since: 1.2.0

Struct: CpuDefinitionInfo

Virtual CPU definition.

'name'

the name of the CPU definition

'migration-safe' (optional)

whether a CPU definition can be safely used for migration in combination with a QEMU compatibility machine when migrating between different QMU versions and between hosts with different sets of (hardware or software) capabilities. If not provided, information is not available and callers should not assume the CPU definition to be migration-safe. (since 2.8)

'static'

whether a CPU definition is static and will not change depending on QEMU version, machine type, machine options and accelerator options. A static model is always migration-safe. (since 2.8)

'unavailable-features' (optional)

List of properties that prevent the CPU model from running in the current host. (since 2.8)

'typename'

Type name that can be used as argument to device-list-properties, to introspect properties configurable using -cpu or -global. (since 2.9)

unavailable-features is a list of QOM property names that represent CPU model attributes that prevent the CPU from running. If the QOM property is read-only, that means there’s no known way to make the CPU model run in the current host. Implementations that choose not to provide specific information return the property name "type". If the property is read-write, it means that it MAY be possible to run the CPU model in the current host if that property is changed. Management software can use it as hints to suggest or choose an alternative for the user, or just to generate meaningful error messages explaining why the CPU model can’t be used. If unavailable-features is an empty list, the CPU model is runnable using the current host and machine-type. If unavailable-features is not present, runnability information for the CPU is not available.

Since: 1.2.0

Command: query-cpu-definitions

Return a list of supported virtual CPU definitions

Returns: a list of CpuDefInfo

Since: 1.2.0

Struct: CpuModelInfo

Virtual CPU model.

A CPU model consists of the name of a CPU definition, to which delta changes are applied (e.g. features added/removed). Most magic values that an architecture might require should be hidden behind the name. However, if required, architectures can expose relevant properties.

'name'

the name of the CPU definition the model is based on

'props' (optional)

a dictionary of QOM properties to be applied

Since: 2.8.0

Enum: CpuModelExpansionType

An enumeration of CPU model expansion types.

'static'

Expand to a static CPU model, a combination of a static base model name and property delta changes. As the static base model will never change, the expanded CPU model will be the same, independant of independent of QEMU version, machine type, machine options, and accelerator options. Therefore, the resulting model can be used by tooling without having to specify a compatibility machine - e.g. when displaying the "host" model. static CPU models are migration-safe.

'full'

Expand all properties. The produced model is not guaranteed to be migration-safe, but allows tooling to get an insight and work with model details.

Since: 2.8.0

Struct: CpuModelExpansionInfo

The result of a cpu model expansion.

'model'

the expanded CpuModelInfo.

Since: 2.8.0

Command: query-cpu-model-expansion

Expands a given CPU model (or a combination of CPU model + additional options) to different granularities, allowing tooling to get an understanding what a specific CPU model looks like in QEMU under a certain configuration.

This interface can be used to query the "host" CPU model.

The data returned by this command may be affected by:

Some architectures may not support all expansion types. s390x supports "full" and "static".

Returns: a CpuModelExpansionInfo. Returns an error if expanding CPU models is not supported, if the model cannot be expanded, if the model contains an unknown CPU definition name, unknown properties or properties with a wrong type. Also returns an error if an expansion type is not supported.

Since: 2.8.0

Enum: CpuModelCompareResult

An enumeration of CPU model comparation results. The result is usually calculated using e.g. CPU features or CPU generations.

'incompatible'

If model A is incompatible to model B, model A is not guaranteed to run where model B runs and the other way around.

'identical'

If model A is identical to model B, model A is guaranteed to run where model B runs and the other way around.

'superset'

If model A is a superset of model B, model B is guaranteed to run where model A runs. There are no guarantees about the other way.

'subset'

If model A is a subset of model B, model A is guaranteed to run where model B runs. There are no guarantees about the other way.

Since: 2.8.0

Struct: CpuModelCompareInfo

The result of a CPU model comparison.

'result'

The result of the compare operation.

'responsible-properties'

List of properties that led to the comparison result not being identical.

responsible-properties is a list of QOM property names that led to both CPUs not being detected as identical. For identical models, this list is empty. If a QOM property is read-only, that means there’s no known way to make the CPU models identical. If the special property name "type" is included, the models are by definition not identical and cannot be made identical.

Since: 2.8.0

Command: query-cpu-model-comparison

Compares two CPU models, returning how they compare in a specific configuration. The results indicates how both models compare regarding runnability. This result can be used by tooling to make decisions if a certain CPU model will run in a certain configuration or if a compatible CPU model has to be created by baselining.

Usually, a CPU model is compared against the maximum possible CPU model of a certain configuration (e.g. the "host" model for KVM). If that CPU model is identical or a subset, it will run in that configuration.

The result returned by this command may be affected by:

Some architectures may not support comparing CPU models. s390x supports comparing CPU models.

Returns: a CpuModelBaselineInfo. Returns an error if comparing CPU models is not supported, if a model cannot be used, if a model contains an unknown cpu definition name, unknown properties or properties with wrong types.

Since: 2.8.0

Struct: CpuModelBaselineInfo

The result of a CPU model baseline.

'model'

the baselined CpuModelInfo.

Since: 2.8.0

Command: query-cpu-model-baseline

Baseline two CPU models, creating a compatible third model. The created model will always be a static, migration-safe CPU model (see "static" CPU model expansion for details).

This interface can be used by tooling to create a compatible CPU model out two CPU models. The created CPU model will be identical to or a subset of both CPU models when comparing them. Therefore, the created CPU model is guaranteed to run where the given CPU models run.

The result returned by this command may be affected by:

Some architectures may not support baselining CPU models. s390x supports baselining CPU models.

Returns: a CpuModelBaselineInfo. Returns an error if baselining CPU models is not supported, if a model cannot be used, if a model contains an unknown cpu definition name, unknown properties or properties with wrong types.

Since: 2.8.0

Struct: AddfdInfo

Information about a file descriptor that was added to an fd set.

'fdset-id'

The ID of the fd set that fd was added to.

'fd'

The file descriptor that was received via SCM rights and added to the fd set.

Since: 1.2.0

Command: add-fd

Add a file descriptor, that was passed via SCM rights, to an fd set.

'fdset-id' (optional)

The ID of the fd set to add the file descriptor to.

'opaque' (optional)

A free-form string that can be used to describe the fd.

Returns: AddfdInfo on success

If file descriptor was not received, FdNotSupplied

If fdset-id is a negative value, InvalidParameterValue

Notes: The list of fd sets is shared by all monitor connections.

If fdset-id is not specified, a new fd set will be created.

Since: 1.2.0

-> { "execute": "add-fd", "arguments": { "fdset-id": 1 } }
<- { "return": { "fdset-id": 1, "fd": 3 } }
Command: remove-fd

Remove a file descriptor from an fd set.

'fdset-id'

The ID of the fd set that the file descriptor belongs to.

'fd' (optional)

The file descriptor that is to be removed.

Returns: Nothing on success If fdset-id or fd is not found, FdNotFound

Since: 1.2.0

Notes: The list of fd sets is shared by all monitor connections.

If fd is not specified, all file descriptors in fdset-id will be removed.

-> { "execute": "remove-fd", "arguments": { "fdset-id": 1, "fd": 3 } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: FdsetFdInfo

Information about a file descriptor that belongs to an fd set.

'fd'

The file descriptor value.

'opaque' (optional)

A free-form string that can be used to describe the fd.

Since: 1.2.0

Struct: FdsetInfo

Information about an fd set.

'fdset-id'

The ID of the fd set.

'fds'

A list of file descriptors that belong to this fd set.

Since: 1.2.0

Command: query-fdsets

Return information describing all fd sets.

Returns: A list of FdsetInfo

Since: 1.2.0

Note: The list of fd sets is shared by all monitor connections.

-> { "execute": "query-fdsets" }
<- { "return": [
       {
         "fds": [
           {
             "fd": 30,
             "opaque": "rdonly:/path/to/file"
           },
           {
             "fd": 24,
             "opaque": "rdwr:/path/to/file"
           }
         ],
         "fdset-id": 1
       },
       {
         "fds": [
           {
             "fd": 28
           },
           {
             "fd": 29
           }
         ],
         "fdset-id": 0
       }
     ]
   }
Struct: TargetInfo

Information describing the QEMU target.

'arch'

the target architecture (eg "x86_64", "i386", etc)

Since: 1.2.0

Command: query-target

Return information about the target for this QEMU

Returns: TargetInfo

Since: 1.2.0

Enum: QKeyCode

An enumeration of key name.

This is used by the send-key command.

'unmapped'

since 2.0

'pause'

since 2.0

'ro'

since 2.4

'kp_comma'

since 2.4

'kp_equals'

since 2.6

'power'

since 2.6

'hiragana'

since 2.9

'henkan'

since 2.9

'yen'

since 2.9

'shift'
'shift_r'
'alt'
'alt_r'
'altgr'
'altgr_r'
'ctrl'
'ctrl_r'
'menu'
'esc'
'1'
'2'
'3'
'4'
'5'
'6'
'7'
'8'
'9'
'0'
'minus'
'equal'
'backspace'
'tab'
'q'
'w'
'e'
'r'
't'
'y'
'u'
'i'
'o'
'p'
'bracket_left'
'bracket_right'
'ret'
'a'
's'
'd'
'f'
'g'
'h'
'j'
'k'
'l'
'semicolon'
'apostrophe'
'grave_accent'
'backslash'
'z'
'x'
'c'
'v'
'b'
'n'
'm'
'comma'
'dot'
'slash'
'asterisk'
'spc'
'caps_lock'
'f1'
'f2'
'f3'
'f4'
'f5'
'f6'
'f7'
'f8'
'f9'
'f10'
'num_lock'
'scroll_lock'
'kp_divide'
'kp_multiply'
'kp_subtract'
'kp_add'
'kp_enter'
'kp_decimal'
'sysrq'
'kp_0'
'kp_1'
'kp_2'
'kp_3'
'kp_4'
'kp_5'
'kp_6'
'kp_7'
'kp_8'
'kp_9'
'less'
'f11'
'f12'
'print'
'home'
'pgup'
'pgdn'
'end'
'left'
'up'
'down'
'right'
'insert'
'delete'
'stop'
'again'
'props'
'undo'
'front'
'copy'
'open'
'paste'
'find'
'cut'
'lf'
'help'
'meta_l'
'meta_r'
'compose'

Since: 1.3.0

Simple Union: KeyValue

Represents a keyboard key.

Since: 1.3.0

Command: send-key

Send keys to guest.

'keys'

An array of KeyValue elements. All KeyValues in this array are simultaneously sent to the guest. A KeyValue.number value is sent directly to the guest, while KeyValue.qcode must be a valid QKeyCode value

'hold-time' (optional)

time to delay key up events, milliseconds. Defaults to 100

Returns: Nothing on success If key is unknown or redundant, InvalidParameter

Since: 1.3.0

-> { "execute": "send-key",
     "arguments": { "keys": [ { "type": "qcode", "data": "ctrl" },
                              { "type": "qcode", "data": "alt" },
                              { "type": "qcode", "data": "delete" } ] } }
<- { "return": {} }
Command: screendump

Write a PPM of the VGA screen to a file.

'filename'

the path of a new PPM file to store the image

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 0.14.0

-> { "execute": "screendump",
     "arguments": { "filename": "/tmp/image" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: ChardevCommon

Configuration shared across all chardev backends

'logfile' (optional)

The name of a logfile to save output

'logappend' (optional)

true to append instead of truncate (default to false to truncate)

Since: 2.6

Struct: ChardevFile

Configuration info for file chardevs.

'in' (optional)

The name of the input file

'out'

The name of the output file

'append' (optional)

Open the file in append mode (default false to truncate) (Since 2.6)

Since: 1.4

Struct: ChardevHostdev

Configuration info for device and pipe chardevs.

'device'

The name of the special file for the device, i.e. /dev/ttyS0 on Unix or COM1: on Windows

Since: 1.4

Struct: ChardevSocket

Configuration info for (stream) socket chardevs.

'addr'

socket address to listen on (server=true) or connect to (server=false)

'tls-creds' (optional)

the ID of the TLS credentials object (since 2.6)

'server' (optional)

create server socket (default: true)

'wait' (optional)

wait for incoming connection on server sockets (default: false).

'nodelay' (optional)

set TCP_NODELAY socket option (default: false)

'telnet' (optional)

enable telnet protocol on server sockets (default: false)

'reconnect' (optional)

For a client socket, if a socket is disconnected, then attempt a reconnect after the given number of seconds. Setting this to zero disables this function. (default: 0) (Since: 2.2)

Since: 1.4

Struct: ChardevUdp

Configuration info for datagram socket chardevs.

'remote'

remote address

'local' (optional)

local address

Since: 1.5

Struct: ChardevMux

Configuration info for mux chardevs.

'chardev'

name of the base chardev.

Since: 1.5

Struct: ChardevStdio

Configuration info for stdio chardevs.

'signal' (optional)

Allow signals (such as SIGINT triggered by ^C) be delivered to qemu. Default: true in -nographic mode, false otherwise.

Since: 1.5

Struct: ChardevSpiceChannel

Configuration info for spice vm channel chardevs.

'type'

kind of channel (for example vdagent).

Since: 1.5

Struct: ChardevSpicePort

Configuration info for spice port chardevs.

'fqdn'

name of the channel (see docs/spice-port-fqdn.txt)

Since: 1.5

Struct: ChardevVC

Configuration info for virtual console chardevs.

'width' (optional)

console width, in pixels

'height' (optional)

console height, in pixels

'cols' (optional)

console width, in chars

'rows' (optional)

console height, in chars

Since: 1.5

Struct: ChardevRingbuf

Configuration info for ring buffer chardevs.

'size' (optional)

ring buffer size, must be power of two, default is 65536

Since: 1.5

Simple Union: ChardevBackend

Configuration info for the new chardev backend.

Since: 1.4 (testdev since 2.2)

Struct: ChardevReturn

Return info about the chardev backend just created.

'pty' (optional)

name of the slave pseudoterminal device, present if and only if a chardev of type ’pty’ was created

Since: 1.4

Command: chardev-add

Add a character device backend

'id'

the chardev’s ID, must be unique

'backend'

backend type and parameters

Returns: ChardevReturn.

Since: 1.4

-> { "execute" : "chardev-add",
     "arguments" : { "id" : "foo",
                     "backend" : { "type" : "null", "data" : {} } } }
<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute" : "chardev-add",
     "arguments" : { "id" : "bar",
                     "backend" : { "type" : "file",
                                   "data" : { "out" : "/tmp/bar.log" } } } }
<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute" : "chardev-add",
     "arguments" : { "id" : "baz",
                     "backend" : { "type" : "pty", "data" : {} } } }
<- { "return": { "pty" : "/dev/pty/42" } }
Command: chardev-remove

Remove a character device backend

'id'

the chardev’s ID, must exist and not be in use

Returns: Nothing on success

Since: 1.4

-> { "execute": "chardev-remove", "arguments": { "id" : "foo" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Enum: TpmModel

An enumeration of TPM models

'tpm-tis'

TPM TIS model

Since: 1.5

Command: query-tpm-models

Return a list of supported TPM models

Returns: a list of TpmModel

Since: 1.5

-> { "execute": "query-tpm-models" }
<- { "return": [ "tpm-tis" ] }
Enum: TpmType

An enumeration of TPM types

'passthrough'

TPM passthrough type

Since: 1.5

Command: query-tpm-types

Return a list of supported TPM types

Returns: a list of TpmType

Since: 1.5

-> { "execute": "query-tpm-types" }
<- { "return": [ "passthrough" ] }
Struct: TPMPassthroughOptions

Information about the TPM passthrough type

'path' (optional)

string describing the path used for accessing the TPM device

'cancel-path' (optional)

string showing the TPM’s sysfs cancel file for cancellation of TPM commands while they are executing

Since: 1.5

Simple Union: TpmTypeOptions

A union referencing different TPM backend types’ configuration options

'type'

’passthrough’ The configuration options for the TPM passthrough type

Since: 1.5

Struct: TPMInfo

Information about the TPM

'id'

The Id of the TPM

'model'

The TPM frontend model

'options'

The TPM (backend) type configuration options

Since: 1.5

Command: query-tpm

Return information about the TPM device

Returns: TPMInfo on success

Since: 1.5

-> { "execute": "query-tpm" }
<- { "return":
     [
       { "model": "tpm-tis",
         "options":
           { "type": "passthrough",
             "data":
               { "cancel-path": "/sys/class/misc/tpm0/device/cancel",
                 "path": "/dev/tpm0"
               }
           },
         "id": "tpm0"
       }
     ]
   }
Struct: AcpiTableOptions

Specify an ACPI table on the command line to load.

At most one of file and data can be specified. The list of files specified by any one of them is loaded and concatenated in order. If both are omitted, data is implied.

Other fields / optargs can be used to override fields of the generic ACPI table header; refer to the ACPI specification 5.0, section 5.2.6 System Description Table Header. If a header field is not overridden, then the corresponding value from the concatenated blob is used (in case of file), or it is filled in with a hard-coded value (in case of data).

String fields are copied into the matching ACPI member from lowest address upwards, and silently truncated / NUL-padded to length.

'sig' (optional)

table signature / identifier (4 bytes)

'rev' (optional)

table revision number (dependent on signature, 1 byte)

'oem_id' (optional)

OEM identifier (6 bytes)

'oem_table_id' (optional)

OEM table identifier (8 bytes)

'oem_rev' (optional)

OEM-supplied revision number (4 bytes)

'asl_compiler_id' (optional)

identifier of the utility that created the table (4 bytes)

'asl_compiler_rev' (optional)

revision number of the utility that created the table (4 bytes)

'file' (optional)

colon (:) separated list of pathnames to load and concatenate as table data. The resultant binary blob is expected to have an ACPI table header. At least one file is required. This field excludes data.

'data' (optional)

colon (:) separated list of pathnames to load and concatenate as table data. The resultant binary blob must not have an ACPI table header. At least one file is required. This field excludes file.

Since: 1.5

Enum: CommandLineParameterType

Possible types for an option parameter.

'string'

accepts a character string

'boolean'

accepts "on" or "off"

'number'

accepts a number

'size'

accepts a number followed by an optional suffix (K)ilo, (M)ega, (G)iga, (T)era

Since: 1.5

Struct: CommandLineParameterInfo

Details about a single parameter of a command line option.

'name'

parameter name

'type'

parameter CommandLineParameterType

'help' (optional)

human readable text string, not suitable for parsing.

'default' (optional)

default value string (since 2.1)

Since: 1.5

Struct: CommandLineOptionInfo

Details about a command line option, including its list of parameter details

'option'

option name

'parameters'

an array of CommandLineParameterInfo

Since: 1.5

Command: query-command-line-options

Query command line option schema.

'option' (optional)

option name

Returns: list of CommandLineOptionInfo for all options (or for the given option). Returns an error if the given option doesn’t exist.

Since: 1.5

-> { "execute": "query-command-line-options",
     "arguments": { "option": "option-rom" } }
<- { "return": [
        {
            "parameters": [
                {
                    "name": "romfile",
                    "type": "string"
                },
                {
                    "name": "bootindex",
                    "type": "number"
                }
            ],
            "option": "option-rom"
        }
     ]
   }
Enum: X86CPURegister32

A X86 32-bit register

'EAX'
'EBX'
'ECX'
'EDX'
'ESP'
'EBP'
'ESI'
'EDI'

Since: 1.5

Struct: X86CPUFeatureWordInfo

Information about a X86 CPU feature word

'cpuid-input-eax'

Input EAX value for CPUID instruction for that feature word

'cpuid-input-ecx' (optional)

Input ECX value for CPUID instruction for that feature word

'cpuid-register'

Output register containing the feature bits

'features'

value of output register, containing the feature bits

Since: 1.5

Struct: DummyForceArrays

Not used by QMP; hack to let us use X86CPUFeatureWordInfoList internally

Since: 2.5

Enum: RxState

Packets receiving state

'normal'

filter assigned packets according to the mac-table

'none'

don’t receive any assigned packet

'all'

receive all assigned packets

Since: 1.6

Struct: RxFilterInfo

Rx-filter information for a NIC.

'name'

net client name

'promiscuous'

whether promiscuous mode is enabled

'multicast'

multicast receive state

'unicast'

unicast receive state

'vlan'

vlan receive state (Since 2.0)

'broadcast-allowed'

whether to receive broadcast

'multicast-overflow'

multicast table is overflowed or not

'unicast-overflow'

unicast table is overflowed or not

'main-mac'

the main macaddr string

'vlan-table'

a list of active vlan id

'unicast-table'

a list of unicast macaddr string

'multicast-table'

a list of multicast macaddr string

Since: 1.6

Command: query-rx-filter

Return rx-filter information for all NICs (or for the given NIC).

'name' (optional)

net client name

Returns: list of RxFilterInfo for all NICs (or for the given NIC). Returns an error if the given name doesn’t exist, or given NIC doesn’t support rx-filter querying, or given net client isn’t a NIC.

Since: 1.6

-> { "execute": "query-rx-filter", "arguments": { "name": "vnet0" } }
<- { "return": [
        {
            "promiscuous": true,
            "name": "vnet0",
            "main-mac": "52:54:00:12:34:56",
            "unicast": "normal",
            "vlan": "normal",
            "vlan-table": [
                4,
                0
            ],
            "unicast-table": [
            ],
            "multicast": "normal",
            "multicast-overflow": false,
            "unicast-overflow": false,
            "multicast-table": [
                "01:00:5e:00:00:01",
                "33:33:00:00:00:01",
                "33:33:ff:12:34:56"
            ],
            "broadcast-allowed": false
        }
      ]
   }
Enum: InputButton

Button of a pointer input device (mouse, tablet).

'left'
'middle'
'right'
'wheel-up'
'wheel-down'

Since: 2.0

Enum: InputAxis

Position axis of a pointer input device (mouse, tablet).

'x'
'y'

Since: 2.0

Struct: InputKeyEvent

Keyboard input event.

'key'

Which key this event is for.

'down'

True for key-down and false for key-up events.

Since: 2.0

Struct: InputBtnEvent

Pointer button input event.

'button'

Which button this event is for.

'down'

True for key-down and false for key-up events.

Since: 2.0

Struct: InputMoveEvent

Pointer motion input event.

'axis'

Which axis is referenced by value.

'value'

Pointer position. For absolute coordinates the valid range is 0 -> 0x7ffff

Since: 2.0

Simple Union: InputEvent

Input event union.

'type'

the input type, one of:

  • - ’key’: Input event of Keyboard
  • - ’btn’: Input event of pointer buttons
  • - ’rel’: Input event of relative pointer motion
  • - ’abs’: Input event of absolute pointer motion

Since: 2.0

Command: input-send-event

Send input event(s) to guest.

'device' (optional)

display device to send event(s) to.

'head' (optional)

head to send event(s) to, in case the display device supports multiple scanouts.

'events'

List of InputEvent union.

Returns: Nothing on success.

The device and head parameters can be used to send the input event to specific input devices in case (a) multiple input devices of the same kind are added to the virtual machine and (b) you have configured input routing (see docs/multiseat.txt) for those input devices. The parameters work exactly like the device and head properties of input devices. If device is missing, only devices that have no input routing config are admissible. If device is specified, both input devices with and without input routing config are admissible, but devices with input routing config take precedence.

Since: 2.6

Note: The consoles are visible in the qom tree, under /backend/console[$index]. They have a device link and head property, so it is possible to map which console belongs to which device and display.

1. Press left mouse button.

-> { "execute": "input-send-event",
    "arguments": { "device": "video0",
                   "events": [ { "type": "btn",
                   "data" : { "down": true, "button": "left" } } ] } }
<- { "return": {} }

-> { "execute": "input-send-event",
    "arguments": { "device": "video0",
                   "events": [ { "type": "btn",
                   "data" : { "down": false, "button": "left" } } ] } }
<- { "return": {} }

2. Press ctrl-alt-del.

-> { "execute": "input-send-event",
     "arguments": { "events": [
        { "type": "key", "data" : { "down": true,
          "key": {"type": "qcode", "data": "ctrl" } } },
        { "type": "key", "data" : { "down": true,
          "key": {"type": "qcode", "data": "alt" } } },
        { "type": "key", "data" : { "down": true,
          "key": {"type": "qcode", "data": "delete" } } } ] } }
<- { "return": {} }

3. Move mouse pointer to absolute coordinates (20000, 400).

-> { "execute": "input-send-event" ,
  "arguments": { "events": [
               { "type": "abs", "data" : { "axis": "x", "value" : 20000 } },
               { "type": "abs", "data" : { "axis": "y", "value" : 400 } } ] } }
<- { "return": {} }
Simple Union: NumaOptions

A discriminated record of NUMA options. (for OptsVisitor)

Since: 2.1

Struct: NumaNodeOptions

Create a guest NUMA node. (for OptsVisitor)

'nodeid' (optional)

NUMA node ID (increase by 1 from 0 if omitted)

'cpus' (optional)

VCPUs belonging to this node (assign VCPUS round-robin if omitted)

'mem' (optional)

memory size of this node; mutually exclusive with memdev. Equally divide total memory among nodes if both mem and memdev are omitted.

'memdev' (optional)

memory backend object. If specified for one node, it must be specified for all nodes.

Since: 2.1

Enum: HostMemPolicy

Host memory policy types

'default'

restore default policy, remove any nondefault policy

'preferred'

set the preferred host nodes for allocation

'bind'

a strict policy that restricts memory allocation to the host nodes specified

'interleave'

memory allocations are interleaved across the set of host nodes specified

Since: 2.1

Struct: Memdev

Information about memory backend

'id' (optional)

backend’s ID if backend has ’id’ property (since 2.9)

'size'

memory backend size

'merge'

enables or disables memory merge support

'dump'

includes memory backend’s memory in a core dump or not

'prealloc'

enables or disables memory preallocation

'host-nodes'

host nodes for its memory policy

'policy'

memory policy of memory backend

Since: 2.1

Command: query-memdev

Returns information for all memory backends.

Returns: a list of Memdev.

Since: 2.1

-> { "execute": "query-memdev" }
<- { "return": [
       {
         "id": "mem1",
         "size": 536870912,
         "merge": false,
         "dump": true,
         "prealloc": false,
         "host-nodes": [0, 1],
         "policy": "bind"
       },
       {
         "size": 536870912,
         "merge": false,
         "dump": true,
         "prealloc": true,
         "host-nodes": [2, 3],
         "policy": "preferred"
       }
     ]
   }
Struct: PCDIMMDeviceInfo

PCDIMMDevice state information

'id' (optional)

device’s ID

'addr'

physical address, where device is mapped

'size'

size of memory that the device provides

'slot'

slot number at which device is plugged in

'node'

NUMA node number where device is plugged in

'memdev'

memory backend linked with device

'hotplugged'

true if device was hotplugged

'hotpluggable'

true if device if could be added/removed while machine is running

Since: 2.1

Simple Union: MemoryDeviceInfo

Union containing information about a memory device

Since: 2.1

Command: query-memory-devices

Lists available memory devices and their state

Since: 2.1

-> { "execute": "query-memory-devices" }
<- { "return": [ { "data":
                      { "addr": 5368709120,
                        "hotpluggable": true,
                        "hotplugged": true,
                        "id": "d1",
                        "memdev": "/objects/memX",
                        "node": 0,
                        "size": 1073741824,
                        "slot": 0},
                   "type": "dimm"
                 } ] }
Enum: ACPISlotType
'DIMM'

memory slot

'CPU'

logical CPU slot (since 2.7)

Struct: ACPIOSTInfo

OSPM Status Indication for a device For description of possible values of source and status fields see "_OST (OSPM Status Indication)" chapter of ACPI5.0 spec.

'device' (optional)

device ID associated with slot

'slot'

slot ID, unique per slot of a given slot-type

'slot-type'

type of the slot

'source'

an integer containing the source event

'status'

an integer containing the status code

Since: 2.1

Command: query-acpi-ospm-status

Return a list of ACPIOSTInfo for devices that support status reporting via ACPI _OST method.

Since: 2.1

-> { "execute": "query-acpi-ospm-status" }
<- { "return": [ { "device": "d1", "slot": "0", "slot-type": "DIMM", "source": 1, "status": 0},
                 { "slot": "1", "slot-type": "DIMM", "source": 0, "status": 0},
                 { "slot": "2", "slot-type": "DIMM", "source": 0, "status": 0},
                 { "slot": "3", "slot-type": "DIMM", "source": 0, "status": 0}
   ]}
Enum: WatchdogExpirationAction

An enumeration of the actions taken when the watchdog device’s timer is expired

'reset'

system resets

'shutdown'

system shutdown, note that it is similar to powerdown, which tries to set to system status and notify guest

'poweroff'

system poweroff, the emulator program exits

'pause'

system pauses, similar to stop

'debug'

system enters debug state

'none'

nothing is done

'inject-nmi'

a non-maskable interrupt is injected into the first VCPU (all VCPUS on x86) (since 2.4)

Since: 2.1

Enum: IoOperationType

An enumeration of the I/O operation types

'read'

read operation

'write'

write operation

Since: 2.1

Enum: GuestPanicAction

An enumeration of the actions taken when guest OS panic is detected

'pause'

system pauses

'poweroff'

Since: 2.1 (poweroff since 2.8)

Command: rtc-reset-reinjection

This command will reset the RTC interrupt reinjection backlog. Can be used if another mechanism to synchronize guest time is in effect, for example QEMU guest agent’s guest-set-time command.

Since: 2.1

-> { "execute": "rtc-reset-reinjection" }
<- { "return": {} }

1.9 Rocker switch device

Struct: RockerSwitch

Rocker switch information.

'name'

switch name

'id'

switch ID

'ports'

number of front-panel ports

Since: 2.4

Command: query-rocker

Return rocker switch information.

Returns: Rocker information

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "query-rocker", "arguments": { "name": "sw1" } }
<- { "return": {"name": "sw1", "ports": 2, "id": 1327446905938}}
Enum: RockerPortDuplex

An eumeration of port duplex states.

'half'

half duplex

'full'

full duplex

Since: 2.4

Enum: RockerPortAutoneg

An eumeration of port autoneg states.

'off'

autoneg is off

'on'

autoneg is on

Since: 2.4

Struct: RockerPort

Rocker switch port information.

'name'

port name

'enabled'

port is enabled for I/O

'link-up'

physical link is UP on port

'speed'

port link speed in Mbps

'duplex'

port link duplex

'autoneg'

port link autoneg

Since: 2.4

Command: query-rocker-ports

Return rocker switch port information.

Returns: a list of RockerPort information

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "query-rocker-ports", "arguments": { "name": "sw1" } }
<- { "return": [ {"duplex": "full", "enabled": true, "name": "sw1.1",
                  "autoneg": "off", "link-up": true, "speed": 10000},
                 {"duplex": "full", "enabled": true, "name": "sw1.2",
                  "autoneg": "off", "link-up": true, "speed": 10000}
   ]}
Struct: RockerOfDpaFlowKey

Rocker switch OF-DPA flow key

'priority'

key priority, 0 being lowest priority

'tbl-id'

flow table ID

'in-pport' (optional)

physical input port

'tunnel-id' (optional)

tunnel ID

'vlan-id' (optional)

VLAN ID

'eth-type' (optional)

Ethernet header type

'eth-src' (optional)

Ethernet header source MAC address

'eth-dst' (optional)

Ethernet header destination MAC address

'ip-proto' (optional)

IP Header protocol field

'ip-tos' (optional)

IP header TOS field

'ip-dst' (optional)

IP header destination address

Note: fields are marked #optional to indicate that they may or may not appear in the flow key depending if they’re relevant to the flow key.

Since: 2.4

Struct: RockerOfDpaFlowMask

Rocker switch OF-DPA flow mask

'in-pport' (optional)

physical input port

'tunnel-id' (optional)

tunnel ID

'vlan-id' (optional)

VLAN ID

'eth-src' (optional)

Ethernet header source MAC address

'eth-dst' (optional)

Ethernet header destination MAC address

'ip-proto' (optional)

IP Header protocol field

'ip-tos' (optional)

IP header TOS field

Note: fields are marked #optional to indicate that they may or may not appear in the flow mask depending if they’re relevant to the flow mask.

Since: 2.4

Struct: RockerOfDpaFlowAction

Rocker switch OF-DPA flow action

'goto-tbl' (optional)

next table ID

'group-id' (optional)

group ID

'tunnel-lport' (optional)

tunnel logical port ID

'vlan-id' (optional)

VLAN ID

'new-vlan-id' (optional)

new VLAN ID

'out-pport' (optional)

physical output port

Note: fields are marked #optional to indicate that they may or may not appear in the flow action depending if they’re relevant to the flow action.

Since: 2.4

Struct: RockerOfDpaFlow

Rocker switch OF-DPA flow

'cookie'

flow unique cookie ID

'hits'

count of matches (hits) on flow

'key'

flow key

'mask'

flow mask

'action'

flow action

Since: 2.4

Command: query-rocker-of-dpa-flows

Return rocker OF-DPA flow information.

'name'

switch name

'tbl-id' (optional)

flow table ID. If tbl-id is not specified, returns flow information for all tables.

Returns: rocker OF-DPA flow information

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "query-rocker-of-dpa-flows",
     "arguments": { "name": "sw1" } }
<- { "return": [ {"key": {"in-pport": 0, "priority": 1, "tbl-id": 0},
                  "hits": 138,
                  "cookie": 0,
                  "action": {"goto-tbl": 10},
                  "mask": {"in-pport": 4294901760}
                 },
                 {...more...},
   ]}
Struct: RockerOfDpaGroup

Rocker switch OF-DPA group

'id'

group unique ID

'type'

group type

'vlan-id' (optional)

VLAN ID

'pport' (optional)

physical port number

'index' (optional)

group index, unique with group type

'out-pport' (optional)

output physical port number

'group-id' (optional)

next group ID

'set-vlan-id' (optional)

VLAN ID to set

'pop-vlan' (optional)

pop VLAN headr from packet

'group-ids' (optional)

list of next group IDs

'set-eth-src' (optional)

set source MAC address in Ethernet header

'set-eth-dst' (optional)

set destination MAC address in Ethernet header

'ttl-check' (optional)

perform TTL check

Note: fields are marked #optional to indicate that they may or may not appear in the group depending if they’re relevant to the group type.

Since: 2.4

Command: query-rocker-of-dpa-groups

Return rocker OF-DPA group information.

'name'

switch name

'type' (optional)

group type. If type is not specified, returns group information for all group types.

Returns: rocker OF-DPA group information

Since: 2.4

-> { "execute": "query-rocker-of-dpa-groups",
     "arguments": { "name": "sw1" } }
<- { "return": [ {"type": 0, "out-pport": 2,
                  "pport": 2, "vlan-id": 3841,
                  "pop-vlan": 1, "id": 251723778},
                 {"type": 0, "out-pport": 0,
                  "pport": 0, "vlan-id": 3841,
                  "pop-vlan": 1, "id": 251723776},
                 {"type": 0, "out-pport": 1,
                  "pport": 1, "vlan-id": 3840,
                  "pop-vlan": 1, "id": 251658241},
                 {"type": 0, "out-pport": 0,
                  "pport": 0, "vlan-id": 3840,
                  "pop-vlan": 1, "id": 251658240}
   ]}
Enum: ReplayMode

Mode of the replay subsystem.

'none'

normal execution mode. Replay or record are not enabled.

'record'

record mode. All non-deterministic data is written into the replay log.

'play'

replay mode. Non-deterministic data required for system execution is read from the log.

Since: 2.5

Command: xen-load-devices-state

Load the state of all devices from file. The RAM and the block devices of the VM are not loaded by this command.

'filename'

the file to load the state of the devices from as binary data. See xen-save-devices-state.txt for a description of the binary format.

Since: 2.7

-> { "execute": "xen-load-devices-state",
     "arguments": { "filename": "/tmp/resume" } }
<- { "return": {} }
Struct: GICCapability

The struct describes capability for a specific GIC (Generic Interrupt Controller) version. These bits are not only decided by QEMU/KVM software version, but also decided by the hardware that the program is running upon.

'version'

version of GIC to be described. Currently, only 2 and 3 are supported.

'emulated'

whether current QEMU/hardware supports emulated GIC device in user space.

'kernel'

whether current QEMU/hardware supports hardware accelerated GIC device in kernel.

Since: 2.6

Command: query-gic-capabilities

This command is ARM-only. It will return a list of GICCapability objects that describe its capability bits.

Returns: a list of GICCapability objects.

Since: 2.6

-> { "execute": "query-gic-capabilities" }
<- { "return": [{ "version": 2, "emulated": true, "kernel": false },
                { "version": 3, "emulated": false, "kernel": true } ] }
Struct: CpuInstanceProperties

List of properties to be used for hotplugging a CPU instance, it should be passed by management with device_add command when a CPU is being hotplugged.

'node-id' (optional)

NUMA node ID the CPU belongs to

'socket-id' (optional)

socket number within node/board the CPU belongs to

'core-id' (optional)

core number within socket the CPU belongs to

'thread-id' (optional)

thread number within core the CPU belongs to

Note: currently there are 4 properties that could be present but management should be prepared to pass through other properties with device_add command to allow for future interface extension. This also requires the filed names to be kept in sync with the properties passed to -device/device_add.

Since: 2.7

Struct: HotpluggableCPU
'type'

CPU object type for usage with device_add command

'props'

list of properties to be used for hotplugging CPU

'vcpus-count'

number of logical VCPU threads HotpluggableCPU provides

'qom-path' (optional)

link to existing CPU object if CPU is present or omitted if CPU is not present.

Since: 2.7

Command: query-hotpluggable-cpus

Returns: a list of HotpluggableCPU objects.

Since: 2.7

For pseries machine type started with -smp 2,cores=2,maxcpus=4 -cpu POWER8:

-> { "execute": "query-hotpluggable-cpus" }
<- {"return": [
     { "props": { "core": 8 }, "type": "POWER8-spapr-cpu-core",
       "vcpus-count": 1 },
     { "props": { "core": 0 }, "type": "POWER8-spapr-cpu-core",
       "vcpus-count": 1, "qom-path": "/machine/unattached/device[0]"}
   ]}'

For pc machine type started with -smp 1,maxcpus=2:

-> { "execute": "query-hotpluggable-cpus" }
<- {"return": [
     {
        "type": "qemu64-x86_64-cpu", "vcpus-count": 1,
        "props": {"core-id": 0, "socket-id": 1, "thread-id": 0}
     },
     {
        "qom-path": "/machine/unattached/device[0]",
        "type": "qemu64-x86_64-cpu", "vcpus-count": 1,
        "props": {"core-id": 0, "socket-id": 0, "thread-id": 0}
     }
   ]}

Commands and Events Index

Jump to:   A   B   C   D   E   G   H   I   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   V   W   X  
Index Entry  Section

A
ACPI_DEVICE_OST: API Reference
add-fd: API Reference
add_client: API Reference

B
balloon: API Reference
BALLOON_CHANGE: API Reference
block-commit: API Reference
block-dirty-bitmap-add: API Reference
block-dirty-bitmap-clear: API Reference
block-dirty-bitmap-remove: API Reference
block-job-cancel: API Reference
block-job-complete: API Reference
block-job-pause: API Reference
block-job-resume: API Reference
block-job-set-speed: API Reference
block-set-write-threshold: API Reference
block-stream: API Reference
blockdev-add: API Reference
blockdev-backup: API Reference
blockdev-change-medium: API Reference
blockdev-close-tray: API Reference
blockdev-mirror: API Reference
blockdev-open-tray: API Reference
blockdev-snapshot: API Reference
blockdev-snapshot-delete-internal-sync: API Reference
blockdev-snapshot-internal-sync: API Reference
blockdev-snapshot-sync: API Reference
BLOCK_IMAGE_CORRUPTED: API Reference
BLOCK_IO_ERROR: API Reference
BLOCK_JOB_CANCELLED: API Reference
BLOCK_JOB_COMPLETED: API Reference
BLOCK_JOB_ERROR: API Reference
BLOCK_JOB_READY: API Reference
block_passwd: API Reference
block_resize: API Reference
block_set_io_throttle: API Reference
BLOCK_WRITE_THRESHOLD: API Reference

C
change: API Reference
change-backing-file: API Reference
change-vnc-password: API Reference
chardev-add: API Reference
chardev-remove: API Reference
client_migrate_info: API Reference
closefd: API Reference
cont: API Reference
cpu: API Reference
cpu-add: API Reference

D
device-list-properties: API Reference
device_add: API Reference
device_del: API Reference
DEVICE_DELETED: API Reference
DEVICE_TRAY_MOVED: API Reference
drive-backup: API Reference
drive-mirror: API Reference
dump-guest-memory: API Reference
dump-skeys: API Reference
DUMP_COMPLETED: API Reference

E
eject: API Reference
expire_password: API Reference

G
getfd: API Reference
GUEST_PANICKED: API Reference

H
human-monitor-command: API Reference

I
inject-nmi: API Reference
input-send-event: API Reference

M
memsave: API Reference
MEM_UNPLUG_ERROR: API Reference
migrate: API Reference
migrate-incoming: API Reference
migrate-set-cache-size: API Reference
migrate-set-capabilities: API Reference
migrate-set-parameters: API Reference
migrate-start-postcopy: API Reference
migrate_cancel: API Reference
migrate_set_downtime: API Reference
migrate_set_speed: API Reference
MIGRATION: API Reference
MIGRATION_PASS: API Reference

N
nbd-server-add: API Reference
nbd-server-start: API Reference
nbd-server-stop: API Reference
netdev_add: API Reference
netdev_del: API Reference
NIC_RX_FILTER_CHANGED: API Reference

O
object-add: API Reference
object-del: API Reference

P
pmemsave: API Reference
POWERDOWN: API Reference

Q
qmp_capabilities: API Reference
qom-get: API Reference
qom-list: API Reference
qom-list-types: API Reference
qom-set: API Reference
query-acpi-ospm-status: API Reference
query-balloon: API Reference
query-block: API Reference
query-block-jobs: API Reference
query-blockstats: API Reference
query-chardev: API Reference
query-chardev-backends: API Reference
query-command-line-options: API Reference
query-commands: API Reference
query-cpu-definitions: API Reference
query-cpu-model-baseline: API Reference
query-cpu-model-comparison: API Reference
query-cpu-model-expansion: API Reference
query-cpus: API Reference
query-dump: API Reference
query-dump-guest-memory-capability: API Reference
query-events: API Reference
query-fdsets: API Reference
query-gic-capabilities: API Reference
query-hotpluggable-cpus: API Reference
query-iothreads: API Reference
query-kvm: API Reference
query-machines: API Reference
query-memdev: API Reference
query-memory-devices: API Reference
query-mice: API Reference
query-migrate: API Reference
query-migrate-cache-size: API Reference
query-migrate-capabilities: API Reference
query-migrate-parameters: API Reference
query-name: API Reference
query-named-block-nodes: API Reference
query-pci: API Reference
query-qmp-schema: API Reference
query-rocker: API Reference
query-rocker-of-dpa-flows: API Reference
query-rocker-of-dpa-groups: API Reference
query-rocker-ports: API Reference
query-rx-filter: API Reference
query-spice: API Reference
query-status: API Reference
query-target: API Reference
query-tpm: API Reference
query-tpm-models: API Reference
query-tpm-types: API Reference
query-uuid: API Reference
query-version: API Reference
query-vnc: API Reference
query-vnc-servers: API Reference
quit: API Reference
QUORUM_FAILURE: API Reference
QUORUM_REPORT_BAD: API Reference

R
remove-fd: API Reference
RESET: API Reference
RESUME: API Reference
ringbuf-read: API Reference
ringbuf-write: API Reference
rtc-reset-reinjection: API Reference
RTC_CHANGE: API Reference

S
screendump: API Reference
send-key: API Reference
set_link: API Reference
set_password: API Reference
SHUTDOWN: API Reference
SPICE_CONNECTED: API Reference
SPICE_DISCONNECTED: API Reference
SPICE_INITIALIZED: API Reference
SPICE_MIGRATE_COMPLETED: API Reference
STOP: API Reference
stop: API Reference
SUSPEND: API Reference
SUSPEND_DISK: API Reference
system_powerdown: API Reference
system_reset: API Reference
system_wakeup: API Reference

T
trace-event-get-state: API Reference
trace-event-set-state: API Reference
transaction: API Reference

V
VNC_CONNECTED: API Reference
VNC_DISCONNECTED: API Reference
VNC_INITIALIZED: API Reference
VSERPORT_CHANGE: API Reference

W
WAKEUP: API Reference
WATCHDOG: API Reference

X
x-blockdev-change: API Reference
x-blockdev-del: API Reference
x-blockdev-insert-medium: API Reference
x-blockdev-remove-medium: API Reference
x-colo-lost-heartbeat: API Reference
xen-load-devices-state: API Reference
xen-save-devices-state: API Reference
xen-set-global-dirty-log: API Reference

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Data Types Index

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Index Entry  Section

A
Abort: API Reference
ACPIOSTInfo: API Reference
ACPISlotType: API Reference
AcpiTableOptions: API Reference
ActionCompletionMode: API Reference
AddfdInfo: API Reference

B
BalloonInfo: API Reference
BiosAtaTranslation: API Reference
BlkdebugEvent: API Reference
BlkdebugInjectErrorOptions: API Reference
BlkdebugSetStateOptions: API Reference
BlockdevAioOptions: API Reference
BlockdevBackup: API Reference
BlockdevCacheInfo: API Reference
BlockdevCacheOptions: API Reference
BlockdevChangeReadOnlyMode: API Reference
BlockdevDetectZeroesOptions: API Reference
BlockdevDiscardOptions: API Reference
BlockdevDriver: API Reference
BlockDeviceInfo: API Reference
BlockDeviceIoStatus: API Reference
BlockDeviceMapEntry: API Reference
BlockDeviceStats: API Reference
BlockDeviceTimedStats: API Reference
BlockdevOnError: API Reference
BlockdevOptions: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsArchipelago: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsBlkdebug: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsBlkverify: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsCurl: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsFile: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsGenericCOWFormat: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsGenericFormat: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsGluster: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsLUKS: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsNbd: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsNfs: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsNull: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsQcow2: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsQuorum: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsRaw: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsReplication: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsSsh: API Reference
BlockdevOptionsVVFAT: API Reference
BlockdevRef: API Reference
BlockdevSnapshot: API Reference
BlockdevSnapshotInternal: API Reference
BlockdevSnapshotSync: API Reference
BlockDirtyBitmap: API Reference
BlockDirtyBitmapAdd: API Reference
BlockDirtyInfo: API Reference
BlockErrorAction: API Reference
BlockInfo: API Reference
BlockIOThrottle: API Reference
BlockJobInfo: API Reference
BlockJobType: API Reference
BlockStats: API Reference

C
ChardevBackend: API Reference
ChardevBackendInfo: API Reference
ChardevCommon: API Reference
ChardevFile: API Reference
ChardevHostdev: API Reference
ChardevInfo: API Reference
ChardevMux: API Reference
ChardevReturn: API Reference
ChardevRingbuf: API Reference
ChardevSocket: API Reference
ChardevSpiceChannel: API Reference
ChardevSpicePort: API Reference
ChardevStdio: API Reference
ChardevUdp: API Reference
ChardevVC: API Reference
COLOMessage: API Reference
COLOMode: API Reference
CommandInfo: API Reference
CommandLineOptionInfo: API Reference
CommandLineParameterInfo: API Reference
CommandLineParameterType: API Reference
CpuDefinitionInfo: API Reference
CpuInfo: API Reference
CpuInfoArch: API Reference
CpuInfoMIPS: API Reference
CpuInfoOther: API Reference
CpuInfoPPC: API Reference
CpuInfoSPARC: API Reference
CpuInfoTricore: API Reference
CpuInfoX86: API Reference
CpuInstanceProperties: API Reference
CpuModelBaselineInfo: API Reference
CpuModelCompareInfo: API Reference
CpuModelCompareResult: API Reference
CpuModelExpansionInfo: API Reference
CpuModelExpansionType: API Reference
CpuModelInfo: API Reference

D
DataFormat: API Reference
DevicePropertyInfo: API Reference
DirtyBitmapStatus: API Reference
DriveBackup: API Reference
DriveMirror: API Reference
DummyForceArrays: API Reference
DumpGuestMemoryCapability: API Reference
DumpGuestMemoryFormat: API Reference
DumpQueryResult: API Reference
DumpStatus: API Reference

E
EventInfo: API Reference

F
FailoverStatus: API Reference
FdsetFdInfo: API Reference
FdsetInfo: API Reference
FloppyDriveType: API Reference

G
GICCapability: API Reference
GlusterServer: API Reference
GlusterTransport: API Reference
GuestPanicAction: API Reference

H
HostMemPolicy: API Reference
HotpluggableCPU: API Reference

I
ImageCheck: API Reference
ImageInfo: API Reference
ImageInfoSpecific: API Reference
ImageInfoSpecificQCow2: API Reference
ImageInfoSpecificVmdk: API Reference
InetSocketAddress: API Reference
InputAxis: API Reference
InputBtnEvent: API Reference
InputButton: API Reference
InputEvent: API Reference
InputKeyEvent: API Reference
InputMoveEvent: API Reference
IoOperationType: API Reference
IOThreadInfo: API Reference

J
JSONType: API Reference

K
KeyValue: API Reference
KvmInfo: API Reference

L
LostTickPolicy: API Reference

M
MachineInfo: API Reference
MapEntry: API Reference
Memdev: API Reference
MemoryDeviceInfo: API Reference
MigrationCapability: API Reference
MigrationCapabilityStatus: API Reference
MigrationInfo: API Reference
MigrationParameter: API Reference
MigrationParameters: API Reference
MigrationStats: API Reference
MigrationStatus: API Reference
MirrorSyncMode: API Reference
MouseInfo: API Reference

N
NameInfo: API Reference
NetClientDriver: API Reference
Netdev: API Reference
NetdevBridgeOptions: API Reference
NetdevDumpOptions: API Reference
NetdevHubPortOptions: API Reference
NetdevL2TPv3Options: API Reference
NetdevNetmapOptions: API Reference
NetdevNoneOptions: API Reference
NetdevSocketOptions: API Reference
NetdevTapOptions: API Reference
NetdevUserOptions: API Reference
NetdevVdeOptions: API Reference
NetdevVhostUserOptions: API Reference
NetFilterDirection: API Reference
NetLegacy: API Reference
NetLegacyNicOptions: API Reference
NetLegacyOptions: API Reference
NetworkAddressFamily: API Reference
NewImageMode: API Reference
NFSServer: API Reference
NFSTransport: API Reference
NumaNodeOptions: API Reference
NumaOptions: API Reference

O
ObjectPropertyInfo: API Reference
ObjectTypeInfo: API Reference
OnOffAuto: API Reference
OnOffSplit: API Reference

P
PCDIMMDeviceInfo: API Reference
PciBridgeInfo: API Reference
PciBusInfo: API Reference
PciDeviceClass: API Reference
PciDeviceId: API Reference
PciDeviceInfo: API Reference
PciInfo: API Reference
PciMemoryRange: API Reference
PciMemoryRegion: API Reference
PreallocMode: API Reference

Q
QapiErrorClass: API Reference
Qcow2OverlapCheckFlags: API Reference
Qcow2OverlapCheckMode: API Reference
Qcow2OverlapChecks: API Reference
QCryptoBlockCreateOptions: API Reference
QCryptoBlockCreateOptionsLUKS: API Reference
QCryptoBlockFormat: API Reference
QCryptoBlockInfo: API Reference
QCryptoBlockInfoBase: API Reference
QCryptoBlockInfoLUKS: API Reference
QCryptoBlockInfoLUKSSlot: API Reference
QCryptoBlockInfoQCow: API Reference
QCryptoBlockOpenOptions: API Reference
QCryptoBlockOptionsBase: API Reference
QCryptoBlockOptionsLUKS: API Reference
QCryptoBlockOptionsQCow: API Reference
QCryptoCipherAlgorithm: API Reference
QCryptoCipherMode: API Reference
QCryptoHashAlgorithm: API Reference
QCryptoIVGenAlgorithm: API Reference
QCryptoSecretFormat: API Reference
QCryptoTLSCredsEndpoint: API Reference
QKeyCode: API Reference
QuorumOpType: API Reference
QuorumReadPattern: API Reference

R
ReplayMode: API Reference
ReplicationMode: API Reference
RockerOfDpaFlow: API Reference
RockerOfDpaFlowAction: API Reference
RockerOfDpaFlowKey: API Reference
RockerOfDpaFlowMask: API Reference
RockerOfDpaGroup: API Reference
RockerPort: API Reference
RockerPortAutoneg: API Reference
RockerPortDuplex: API Reference
RockerSwitch: API Reference
RunState: API Reference
RxFilterInfo: API Reference
RxState: API Reference

S
SchemaInfo: API Reference
SchemaInfoAlternate: API Reference
SchemaInfoAlternateMember: API Reference
SchemaInfoArray: API Reference
SchemaInfoBuiltin: API Reference
SchemaInfoCommand: API Reference
SchemaInfoEnum: API Reference
SchemaInfoEvent: API Reference
SchemaInfoObject: API Reference
SchemaInfoObjectMember: API Reference
SchemaInfoObjectVariant: API Reference
SchemaMetaType: API Reference
SnapshotInfo: API Reference
SocketAddress: API Reference
SpiceBasicInfo: API Reference
SpiceChannel: API Reference
SpiceInfo: API Reference
SpiceQueryMouseMode: API Reference
SpiceServerInfo: API Reference
StatusInfo: API Reference
String: API Reference

T
TargetInfo: API Reference
TPMInfo: API Reference
TpmModel: API Reference
TPMPassthroughOptions: API Reference
TpmType: API Reference
TpmTypeOptions: API Reference
TraceEventInfo: API Reference
TraceEventState: API Reference
TransactionAction: API Reference
TransactionProperties: API Reference

U
UnixSocketAddress: API Reference
UuidInfo: API Reference

V
VersionInfo: API Reference
VersionTriple: API Reference
VncBasicInfo: API Reference
VncClientInfo: API Reference
VncInfo: API Reference
VncInfo2: API Reference
VncPrimaryAuth: API Reference
VncServerInfo: API Reference
VncVencryptSubAuth: API Reference
VsockSocketAddress: API Reference

W
WatchdogExpirationAction: API Reference

X
X86CPUFeatureWordInfo: API Reference
X86CPURegister32: API Reference
XBZRLECacheStats: API Reference

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